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The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Julia M. Eckert

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This book explores how movements that are explicitly anti-pluralist in nature still manage to succeed electorally within a democratic framework which they themselves reject. The book studies the ... More


Into the Twilight of Sanskrit Court Poetry: The Sena Salon of Bengal and Beyond

Jesse Ross Knutson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520282056
eISBN:
9780520957794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282056.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

At the turn of the thirteenth century, at the court of King Lakṣmaṇasena of Bengal, Sanskrit poetry showed profound and sudden changes: a new social scope made its definitive entrance into high ... More


The Shakha and its Neighbourhood

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter describes the practices of the establishment and institutionalization of para-state Shiv Sena power through the creation of shakhas in the different localities of Mumbai. The ... More


Dismantling the ‘Congress System’

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter investigates the expansion of the Shiv Sena into the Maharashtrian rural areas after the mid 1980s, and the socio-political context of the ‘Congress-system’. Inspired by the ideology of ... More


Survival in the Midst of Decline: A Decade of Congress Rule in Maharashtra, 1999–2009

Suhas Palshikar, Rajeshwari Deshpande, and Nitin Birmal

in Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Maharashtra was always known as a textbook example of Congress dominance. It was also one of the last states to have slipped out of the hands of the Congress party. Since 1999, two Congress parties, ... More


Buddhist Extremists and Muslim Minorities: Religious Conflict in Contemporary Sri Lanka

John Clifford Holt (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190624378
eISBN:
9780190624415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624378.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book examines the historical contexts and substantive reasons giving rise to Buddhist nationalism and aggressive attacks on Muslim communities in Sri Lanka. While the rise of Buddhist ... More


Between Ethnicity and Communalism: Memory against Citizenship

Dipankar Gupta

in LEARNING TO FORGET: The Anti-Memoirs of Modernity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195674330
eISBN:
9780199081820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195674330.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

There are two choices before a nation-state. Either it delves into memories of blood and soil, or it moves on to a different form of national identity that is based on citizenship. The chapter ... More


Introduction

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The success of anti-democratic parties in democracies is a paradox. Anti-pluralist movements have been interpreted as expressions of culturally different forms of political organization, of a ... More


Making Popular Culture

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter explores the party's relation to the urban tradition which it appropriates. In its direct ‘plebian’ connect, the Shiv Sena has constructed itself as the ‘natural’ representative of the ... More


Charisma and its Underbelly: Principle and Practice of the Sena's Authoritarian Ideal

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses the internal structures of the Shiv Sena, and the diffusion of power under the central command. The author describes the figure of the autocratic yet charismatic Bal Thakeray ... More


Militant Enmity

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter investigates the discursive legitimization of the Sena's mode of operation. Action, struggle, ‘getting things done’, and the defence of the community are the basic elements of the Shiv ... More


Violence as Method and Ideology: ‘I want my government to inspire fear.’ 1

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter addresses the idea of combativeness and role of public violence within the internal dynamic of the Shiv Sena, and its effect on the movement's interaction with its environment. The ... More


Shifting Limits

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter explores how the space for Shiv Sena’s actions depends largely on the political neglect of law enforcement. This is related to the use of the party's services (often to do ‘the dirty ... More


Vada Pav and Zhunka Bhakar: The Shiv Sena's Electoral Expansion and the Economic Informalization of Mumbai

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter evaluates the context of Mumbai in which the Shiv Sena emerged, and the relationship between socio-economic developments in the city and the rise of the party. The author explores the ... More


Shivshahi in Limbo

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter investigates the contradictions facing the Shiv Sena in combining exercising elected power with that of being a protest movement. When the Shiv Sena/BJP alliance came to power in 1995, ... More


Violent Action as Participation

Julia M. Eckert

in The Charisma of Direct Action: Power, Politics, and the Shiv Sena

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195660449
eISBN:
9780199082001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195660449.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

In this concluding chapter, the author states that the emergence of anti-democratic movements has often been interpreted as lying in their potential to confer a sense of identity, both collective and ... More


Concrete Spirits Religious Structures on the Public Streets

William Elison

in The Neighborhood of Gods: The Sacred and the Visible at the Margins of Mumbai

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226494876
eISBN:
9780226495064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226495064.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

In 2003, as the result of a lawsuit filed in the Bombay High Court by a public-interest group, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) moved to demolish the shrines that had been erected on ... More


Thinking Sociology

Dipankar Gupta and Ramin Jahanbegloo

in Talking Sociology: Dipankar Gupta in Conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199489374
eISBN:
9780199094110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489374.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture, Social Movements and Social Change

This section provides a detailed account of Gupta’s life during and after his PhD, on urban migration in the metropolis of Mumbai and its impact in setting-off a right-wing movement, the Shiv Sena, ... More


Institutional Receptions: Camões, Saramago, and the Contemporary Politics of The Lusíads on Stage

Tatiana Faia

in Epic Performances from the Middle Ages into the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198804215
eISBN:
9780191842412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804215.003.0021
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the reception of Luís de Camões’s The Lusíads in José Saramago’s play What Shall I Make of This Book? Discussing the narrator’s speeches in The Lusíads, Saramago’s play, and a ... More


Rethinking Muslim Identity in Sri Lanka

Dennis B. McGilvray

in Buddhist Extremists and Muslim Minorities: Religious Conflict in Contemporary Sri Lanka

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190624378
eISBN:
9780190624415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624378.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter provides a historical overview of the Muslim community in Sri Lanka and then catalogues the claims made by the anti-Muslim Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) movement. It analyzes the ways in which ... More


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