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The Catonsville Nine: An American Story

Shawn Francis Peters

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827855
eISBN:
9780199950140
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827855.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

On May 17th, 1968, a group of Catholic antiwar activists burst into a draft board in suburban Baltimore, stole hundreds of Selective Service records (which they called “death certificates”), and ... More


The Spirit of Selective Service: Conscription and Coercion

Christopher Capozzola

in Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335491
eISBN:
9780199868971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335491.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on selective service in America during World War I. The Selective Service Act of 1917 was the centerpiece of wartime citizenship and its defining obligation. It reflected the ... More


Mustering In

Melinda L. Pash

in In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814767696
eISBN:
9780814789223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814767696.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the circumstances that compelled Americans to accept military service as well as the experience of mustering into the armed forces in the early 1950s. The Korean War revived a ... More


Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen

Christopher Capozzola

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335491
eISBN:
9780199868971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335491.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In April 1917, the United States embarked on World War I, with little history of conscription, an army smaller than Romania's, and a political culture that saw little role for the federal government ... More


“They’re Proud of It”

Shawn Francis Peters

in The Catonsville Nine: An American Story

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827855
eISBN:
9780199950140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827855.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Assistant U.S. Attorney Arthur Murphy, delivering the opening statement for the prosecution, surprising absolutely no one as he laid out the federal government's workmanlike case against the ... More


A Call to Duty: The Selective Service Act of 1940

Julian M. Pleasants (ed.)

in Home Front: North Carolina during World War II

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054254
eISBN:
9780813053028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054254.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The American Army was in woeful shape in 1940 and needed an instant infusion of troops. The Training and Selective Service Act of 1940 established the process where American men would be registered ... More


“Really First-Class Men”: The Early Cold War, 1948–1953

Amy J. Rutenberg

in Rough Draft: Cold War Military Manpower Policy and the Origins of Vietnam-Era Draft Resistance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739361
eISBN:
9781501739378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739361.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter four focuses on the development of the Selective Service’s decision to channel men into certain occupations and domestic arrangements. Under its policy of manpower channeling, the Selective ... More


“In Jail for the Right Reason”

Shawn Francis Peters

in The Catonsville Nine: An American Story

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827855
eISBN:
9780199950140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827855.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

As they thought about targeting a draft board, the Baltimore activists worried over the potentially broader implications of what they were planning. The men were well aware of the risks they would be ... More


“My God, They’re Burning Our Records!”

Shawn Francis Peters

in The Catonsville Nine: An American Story

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827855
eISBN:
9780199950140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827855.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Even before the Baltimore Four raid in October 1967, draft boards were viewed as inviting potential targets for antiwar demonstrators, and Selective Service officials attempted to prepare draft ... More


“You Get the Kind of Freedom You Fight For”

Shawn Francis Peters

in The Catonsville Nine: An American Story

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827855
eISBN:
9780199950140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827855.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Philip Berrigan was drawn to the idea of storming draft boards after he attended an antiwar conference at the University of Chicago. There was much talk at the conference about impeding the war ... More


“Did You Hear What We Are Planning?”

Shawn Francis Peters

in The Catonsville Nine: An American Story

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827855
eISBN:
9780199950140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827855.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In Washington in the spring of 1968, George Mische indicated to Phil Berrigan—whose trial in federal court in Baltimore he had been attending—that he was beginning to assemble a group that might be ... More


From Protest to Resistance

Bruce Dancis

in Resister: A Story of Protest and Prison during the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452420
eISBN:
9780801470417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452420.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The author talks about how he became involved with the draft resistance movement while studying at Cornell University. During his sophomore year at Cornell in September 1966, he began conferring with ... More


Introduction

Bruce Dancis

in Resister: A Story of Protest and Prison during the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452420
eISBN:
9780801470417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452420.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In this book, the author recounts his experiences as a draft resister and his involvement with the student protest, civil, and antiwar movements of the 1960s. The author’s story began on December 14, ... More


Home Front: North Carolina during World War II

Julian M. Pleasants

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054254
eISBN:
9780813053028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054254.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Home Front tells about the extraordinary transformation of North Carolina as a result of World War II. Emphasis is on the large number of military bases; selective service; rationing and the sale of ... More


Coming Out Under Fire

Allan Bérubé

in My Desire for History: Essays in Gay, Community, and Labor History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834794
eISBN:
9781469603117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877982_berube.9
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

In this essay, Berube shifts his focus toward military policy and the Selective Service System, which he describes as “a stigmatizing machine.” He recounts the ways that lesbian and gay military ... More


Rough Draft: Cold War Military Manpower Policy and the Origins of Vietnam-Era Draft Resistance

Amy Rutenberg

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739361
eISBN:
9781501739378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739361.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book argues that policy makers’ idealized conceptions of middle-class masculinity directly affected who they targeted for conscription during the Cold War. Along with much of the American ... More


The Congressman in War and Peace

James K. Libbey

in Alben Barkley: A Life in Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167138
eISBN:
9780813167831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167138.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Because of issues related to German submarines, freedom of the seas, and the Zimmermann telegram, Barkley spoke and voted in favor of war with Germany in April 1917. He strongly supported war ... More


Winding Up: June 1917

E. Douglas Bomberger

in Making Music American: 1917 and the Transformation of Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190872311
eISBN:
9780190872342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872311.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

The first selective service registration on 5 June forced Schumann-Heink’s sons, the members of the ODJB, and millions of other American men between twenty-one and thirty to register for the draft. ... More


Middle America: May 1917

E. Douglas Bomberger

in Making Music American: 1917 and the Transformation of Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190872311
eISBN:
9780190872342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872311.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

Within weeks of the release of the ODJB’s “Livery Stable Blues” on 15 April, jazz became a household word across the United States. The frantic, unbridled sound of the new music seemed to suit the ... More


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