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Big Science and “Big Science Studies” in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

Elena Aronova

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Big Science’ as a notion was coined in 1960 by physicist Alvin Weinberg and physicist-turned-historian Derek de Solla Price, and immediately became the center of heated discussions in the U.S. ... More


Bruno Latour in Pieces: An Intellectual Biography

Henning Schmidgen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263691
eISBN:
9780823266555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263691.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The French philosopher and sociologist Bruno Latour (*1947) is a major figure of contemporary thought. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the Latourian oeuvre, from his early ... More


Science, Belief and Society: International Perspectives on Religion, Non-Religion and the Public Understanding of Science

Stephen H. Jones, Tom Kaden, and Rebecca Catto (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206944
eISBN:
9781529206951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206944.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The relationship between science and belief has been a prominent subject of public debate for many years, one that has relevance to everything from science communication, health and education to ... More


Entanglements: Conversations on the Human Traces of Science, Technology, and Sound

Simone Tosoni and Trevor Pinch

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035279
eISBN:
9780262336550
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035279.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Based on several rounds of academic interview and conversations with Trevor Pinch, the book introduces the reader to the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS), and in particular to the social ... More


Laboratory Life and the Economics of Science in Law

David S. Caudill

in Latour and the Passage of Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748697908
eISBN:
9781474416061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697908.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Issuing a bold and, in light of current preoccupations with AIME, untimely call for the continued relevance of Laboratory Life, David Caudill’s chapter realigns the question of Latour’s value for ... More


The Transnational Physical Science Study Committee: The Evolving Nation in the World of Science and Education (1945–1975)

Josep Simon

in How Knowledge Moves: Writing the Transnational History of Science and Technology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226605852
eISBN:
9780226606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226606040.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC) was a major project that represents the rise of American science education as an influential international force during the Cold War. Its original ... More


Introduction: Beyond Imported Magic

Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introductory chapter to the edited volume Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America argues that understanding international science and technology ... More


Mapping Israel, Mapping Palestine: How Occupied Landscapes Shape Scientific Knowledge

Jess Bier

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036153
eISBN:
9780262339957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036153.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

Mapping Israel, Mapping Palestine is an analysis of the ways that segregated landscapes have shaped digital cartography in Jerusalem and the West Bank since 1967. Extending work on how technology is ... More


Introduction: Exploring Intervention in the Social Sciences

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

in Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the relationship between sociologists and their fields. This relation is strongly shaped by a dual fear that runs through the history of sociology: that of either losing ... More


Technically Together: Reconstructing Community in a Networked World

Taylor Dotson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036382
eISBN:
9780262340861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036382.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This book provides an account of community through the lens of the politics of technology. That is, how do the artifacts, infrastructures, sociotechnical systems and techniques that constitute ... More


From ‘Science and Religion’ to ‘Transcendence in Science’, or: What We Can Learn from the (History of) Science and Technology Studies

Silke Gülker

in Science, Belief and Society: International Perspectives on Religion, Non-Religion and the Public Understanding of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206944
eISBN:
9781529206951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206944.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

This chapter begins by identifying an imbalance in the sociology of science and technology. Across sociology, hardly anyone would object to the idea that science is a social process. Science and ... More


A Bridge Too Far?: Critical Remarks on the Concept of “Infrastructure” in Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Information Systems

Charlotte P. Lee and Kjeld Schmidt

in Socio-Informatics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198733249
eISBN:
9780191797736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733249.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

The study of computing infrastructures has grown significantly due to the rapid proliferation and ubiquity of large-scale IT-based installations. At the same time, recognition has also grown of the ... More


Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the ... More


Modelling Europe: the political work of impact assessment

Diego de la Hoz del Hoyo

in Governing Europe's spaces: European Union re-imagined

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719091858
eISBN:
9781781708415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091858.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that one way to re-imagine Europe is to re-imagine science and technology policy instrumentation as a moment when actors come together and enact ‘their’ Europe. To show this, the ... More


Poiesis and Enchantment in Topological Matter

Xin Wei Sha

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019514
eISBN:
9780262318914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019514.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Movement, and in particular, gesture are arguably essential aspects of engendering human experience. But rather than taking “the body” or “cognition” for granted as conceptual starting points, we ... More


Into the Woods: An Epistemography of Climate Change

Meritxell Ramírez-i-Ollé

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781526140982
eISBN:
9781526150493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526140999
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book is a detailed exploration of the working practices of a community of scientists whose work was questioned in public, and of the making of scientific knowledge about climate change in ... More


The Shifting Straight Line

Tom Waidzunas

in The Straight Line: How the Fringe Science of Ex-Gay Therapy Reoriented Sexuality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696147
eISBN:
9781452953663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696147.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Sexual reorientation therapies have no basis in scientific fact and have been declared potentially harmful by all U.S. mental health associations. The theoretical apparatus used to examine how this ... More


Reorientation’s Last Stand: Showdown at the American Psychological Association

Tom Waidzunas

in The Straight Line: How the Fringe Science of Ex-Gay Therapy Reoriented Sexuality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696147
eISBN:
9781452953663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696147.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

When the American Psychological Association announced a task force would examine reorientation therapies, NARTH candidates were not selected. NARTH created an alternative map of the boundaries of ... More


The Materiality of Theory

Jess Bier

in Mapping Israel, Mapping Palestine: How Occupied Landscapes Shape Scientific Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036153
eISBN:
9780262339957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036153.003.0002
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

Chapter 2, “The Materiality of Theory”, tells the story of the (ir)rationalization of the landscape of Palestine and Israel after 1948. It explores how the colonial legacies of cartography continue ... More


Commentary: Public Participation as a Potential Counter Strategy against Unethical Optimism

Taichi Isobe, Nozomi Mizushima, and Osamu Sakura

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The importance and effectiveness of public participation and upstream engagement have been emphasized in the field of STS (Science, Technology, and Society) studies. Here, the authors introduce these ... More


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