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The Explanation of Social Action

John Levi Martin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The social sciences have increasingly placed all their bets on a notion of explanation that turns on linking abstractions through causal relations. This explanatory vocabulary is, if analysts deem it ... More


Introduction

Ellen M. Umansky

in From Christian Science to Jewish Science: Spiritual Healing and American Jews

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195044003
eISBN:
9780199835485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195044002.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter presents the author’s explanation of the rationale behind this volume. Specifically, he sought to understand the growing Jewish attraction to Christian Science. He discusses ... More


The Paradise of God: Renewing Religion in an Ecological Age

Norman Wirzba

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195157161
eISBN:
9780199835270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157168.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Jewish and Christian doctrines of creation, when interpreted as accounts of the moral and spiritual character of the world rather than simply its origin, hold the key to addressing a variety of ... More


Kant and the Sciences

Eric Watkins (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Kant’s contributions to the central problems of philosophy — metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics — have received considerable attention. What is far less studied is his interest in the ... More


Nietzsche's Middle Period

Ruth Abbey

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195134087
eISBN:
9780199785766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134087.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book offers a close study of the works that have come to be known as constituting Friedrich Nietzsche’s middle period: Human, All Too Human, Daybreak, and the first four books of The Gay ... More


The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explores the metaphysical question of the relation between reality and human perceptions, thoughts and beliefs with reference to colours. Posits an absolute independent reality of which knowledge is ... More


Vico and Marx on ‘Making’ History

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although both Giambattista Vico and Karl Marx claimed that men `make’ their own history, each had a different view of what `making’ means and what it entails. Both agreed that humans have a special ... More


Research Funding, Authority Relations, and Scientific Production in Switzerland

Martin Benninghoff and Dietmar Braun

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the changes that have taken place in the political organization of research and its possible consequences for research behaviour and research performance by analysing a specific ... More


The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

William Aspray

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents the history of policies and practices in the supply of IT workers, especially as they relate to policy for higher education and computing research, in the United States. There ... More


The Footsteps of Vishnu: A Historical Introduction to Hinduism

Ariel Glucklich

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195314052
eISBN:
9780199871766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314052.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Strides of Vishnu explores a wide range of topics in Hindu culture and history. Hinduism has often set out to mediate between the practical needs of its many communities and a ... More


From Christian Science to Jewish Science: Spiritual Healing and American Jews

Ellen M. Umansky

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195044003
eISBN:
9780199835485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195044002.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book examines the attraction of American Jews to Christian Science during the early 1900s, and the emergence of Jewish Science as a counter movement. It discusses the works of the major ... More


Nature Translated: Alexander von Humboldt's Works in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Alison E. Martin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474439329
eISBN:
9781474453844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439329.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Alexander von Humboldt was one of the most important scientists of the nineteenth century. He transformed understandings of the earth and space by rethinking nature as the interconnection of global ... More


Introduction: Moscow's Celebrity Composer

Simon Morrison

in The People's Artist: Prokofiev's Soviet Years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195181678
eISBN:
9780199870806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181678.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This introductory chapter describes Prokofiev's aesthetic outlook, notably the influence of Christian Science on his creativity. There ensues a discussion of his work with the Ballets Russes ... More


In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Shula Marks, Paul Weindling, and Laura Wintour (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now ... More


Alfred Geiger Moses, New Thought, and the Applied Psychology of Judaism

Ellen M. Umansky

in From Christian Science to Jewish Science: Spiritual Healing and American Jews

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195044003
eISBN:
9780199835485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195044002.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Reform rabbi Alfred Geiger Moses formulated and promulgated teachings he termed as “Jewish Science” to counter the growing influence of Christian Science in the American Jewish community. He used the ... More


The Creation of a Movement

Ellen M. Umansky

in From Christian Science to Jewish Science: Spiritual Healing and American Jews

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195044003
eISBN:
9780199835485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195044002.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Morris Lichtenstein viewed Jewish Science as a means to turn American Jews away from Christian Science while revitalizing their spiritual lives. He assumed leadership of the Society of Applied ... More


Spiritual Healing, Divine Assistance, and Peace of Mind

Ellen M. Umansky

in From Christian Science to Jewish Science: Spiritual Healing and American Jews

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195044003
eISBN:
9780199835485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195044002.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter begins with an analysis of virtues of peace of mind as extolled by Tehilla Lichtenstein, Alfred Geiger Moses, Morris Lichtenstein, and Clifton Harby Levy. It then examines the reasons ... More


“Pointless and Preventable”: An Overview of Religion-Based Medical Neglect of Children

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides an overview of religion-based medical neglect of children, in which devout parents forego providing adequate medical care to their ailing sons and daughters because the ... More


“Does the Science Kill a Patient Here and There?”: Christian Science, Healing, and the Law

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter delineates the history of Christian Science and the beliefs and practices of its adherents as they relate to spiritual healing. After establishing the basic tenets of the faith, it ... More


“The Pain Has No Right to Exist”: Contemporary Christian Scientists in the Courts

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The sociolegal issues raised by more contemporary prosecutions of Christian Scientists for neglect and manslaughter compose the bulk of this chapter. These cases pitted grieving parents who sincerely ... More


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