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Right-Wing Women and Desegregation of the Public Schools

June Melby Benowitz

in Challenge and Change: Right-Wing Women, Grassroots Activism, and the Baby Boom Generation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061221
eISBN:
9780813051437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061221.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on right-wing women’s racism and opposition to the civil rights movement, particularly as it pertained to school desegregation. Thousands of right-wing women in both the South ... More


Divergent Paths: School and Housing Desegregation in Four Southern Cities

Genevieve Siegel-Hawley

in When the Fences Come Down: Twenty-First-Century Lessons from Metropolitan School Desegregation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627830
eISBN:
9781469627854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627830.003.0004
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Using primary and secondary sources like newspaper articles, school board minutes, policy reports, interviews and books, this chapter outlines key school desegregation characteristics of Richmond, ... More


An Imperfect Revolution: Enforcing Alexander

William P. Hustwit

in Integration Now: Alexander v. Holmes and the End of Jim Crow Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648552
eISBN:
9781469648576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648552.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

The seventh chapter explores the implementation of the Alexander ruling in Holmes County and across the South. The chapter mainly analyses the legal work of Jackson’s NAACP LDF office. There is also ... More


School Desegregation, Head Start, and the Medical Committee, Spring 1965 to Early 1966

Sue [Lorenzi] Sojourner and Cheryl Reitan

in Thunder of Freedom: Black Leadership and the Transformation of 1960s Mississippi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813140933
eISBN:
9780813141374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813140933.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Holmes County residents put pressure on the school district through petitions and meetings to follow federal law and desegregate schools. Children were physically attacked by students and teachers. ... More


After Brown, Part One: The Tactics of Respectability

Anne Stefani

in Unlikely Dissenters: White Southern Women in the Fight for Racial Justice, 1920-1970

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060767
eISBN:
9780813051260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060767.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the evolution of the first generation of women racial reformers after the 1954 Brown decision. Brown marked a turning point in the history of these “lady activists” for it led ... More


The Grassroots and the Lawyers

William P. Hustwit

in Integration Now: Alexander v. Holmes and the End of Jim Crow Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648552
eISBN:
9781469648576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648552.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter three examines the convergence of the Holmes County civil rights movement and legal assistance from the NAACP LDF. Civil rights lawyers and activists combined forces to begin the long ... More


Happy Days and the Last Hurrah of State Democratic Party Factionalism

George G. Humphreys

in The Fall of Kentucky's Rock: Western Kentucky Democratic Politics since the New Deal

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780813182339
eISBN:
9780813182469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813182339.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter covers Kentucky Democratic politics of the 1950s and 1960s when factionalism prevailed. The two factions were led by former governor and baseball commissioner Happy Chandler and Earle ... More


The Devil Won, Hands Down: Opposition in Americus

Ansley L. Quiros

in God with Us: Lived Theology and the Freedom Struggle in Americus, Georgia, 1942-1976

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646763
eISBN:
9781469646787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646763.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter details the response of segregationists and conservatives to the civil rights movement. It describes the depiction of the movement as violent following the death of Andy Whately, the ... More


Julius Chambers Emerges

Richard A. Rosen and Joseph Mosnier

in Julius Chambers: A Life in the Legal Struggle for Civil Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469628547
eISBN:
9781469628561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628547.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter recounts Julius Chambers's achievements during college, graduate school, and law school. After graduating summa cum laude from North Carolina College for Negroes and obtaining his ... More


A CRISIS IN DIXIE

Virginia Lynn Moylan

in Zora Neale Hurston's Final Decade

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813035789
eISBN:
9780813046228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035789.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines Hurston’s controversial opposition to the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision, which led to the desegregation of public schools. Taking a fresh look at ... More


Conclusion

Zoë Burkholder

in An African American Dilemma: A History of School Integration and Civil Rights in the North

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190605131
eISBN:
9780190605162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190605131.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The book concludes with a consideration of how northern Black debates over school integration versus separation transformed the Black civil rights movement. Black northerners who participated in acts ... More


Let Them Plow: Beyond the Black-White Paradigm

Camille Walsh

in Racial Taxation: Schools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469638942
eISBN:
9781469638959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Two examines a handful of pivotal Supreme Court cases brought against school desegregation at the turn of the century and the first few decades of the 20th century. The Cumming v. Georgia ... More


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