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The Problem of Coordination

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The term ‘problem of coordination’ had appeared in Mach's writings on mechanics and thermodynamics; was salient in the discussion of the relation between mathematical and physical geometry that ... More


Courts of Injustice: Four Trials, Three Murders, Two Jews

Lisa Silverman

in Becoming Austrians: Jews and Culture between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199794843
eISBN:
9780199950072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794843.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter examines four murder trials that became stages upon which tensions between city and province intertwined with Jewishness, revealing its function as a deeply engrained system used to ... More


Later Empiricism and Logical Positivism*

John Skorupski

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides a broadly sympathetic historical account of post-Kantian empiricist approaches to mathematics and logic. It focuses primarily but on John Stuart Mill’s radical empiricism and ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More


Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle: The Exaltation and Deposition Of Ostensive Definition

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Wittgenstein’s account of ostensive definition is examined. Its influence upon the reflections of members of the Vienna Circle is outlined, and their misunderstandings of Wittgenstein’s account are ... More


Comparing Qualia across Persons (2000 )

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251483
eISBN:
9780191602320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251487.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Sydney Shoemaker has reconciled a broadly functionalist and materialist conception of the mind with what he calls “the common-sense view” of the inverted spectrum. This paper explores Shoemaker’s ... More


Logic, “Liberty”, and the Metaphysics of Responsibility

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents a critical discussion of the classical interpretation of Hume's compatibilist strategy. It argues, in particular, that the classical interpretation fails to provide a ... More


Causation, Compulsion, and Compatibilism

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume claims, famously, that causes do not compel their effects, and so it does not follow that if an action was caused it was compelled (and thus unfree). We get confused on this issue, according to ... More


Empirical Content

Donald Davidson

in Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective: Philosophical Essays Volume 3

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237532
eISBN:
9780191597312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237537.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explores Schlick's and Neurath's dispute over the foundations of empirical knowledge, and thereby equips ‘A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge’ with commentary and historical background. ... More


Justifying the Practice

Manuel Vargas

in Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697540
eISBN:
9780191748851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697540.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that agents can be justified in holding one another responsible, irrespective of whether anyone is a libertarian agent. The chapter begins by exploring and rejecting several ... More


Philosophical Debates on General Relativity

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter addresses the philosophical debate surrounding general relativity in its formative period, from Einstein's own writings on methodological and epistemological aspects of the theory to the ... More


Gödel’s Theorem: An End and a Beginning

Jan von Plato

in The Great Formal Machinery Works: Theories of Deduction and Computation at the Origins of the Digital Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174174
eISBN:
9781400885039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174174.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how Kurt Gödel found his theorem. He started to study physics at the University of Vienna in 1924, then changed to mathematics in 1926. That same year, he started attending the ... More


Philosophic Prophecy

Eric Schliesser

in Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199857142
eISBN:
9780199345427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857142.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This paper argues that historians of philosophy must coin concepts that disclose the near or distant past and create a shared horizon for our philosophical future. Two concepts are introduced: ... More


Play & Mere Existence Play & Mere Existence

Singer Irving

in Meaning in Life: The Harmony of Nature and Spirit

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513586
eISBN:
9780262259200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513586.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Happiness can be attained only if we take life as it comes each and every day. The idea is that we can live on faith, and that faith or love may yield the happiness of thinking that all is for the ... More


The Anti-Pragmatism of Pre-War Cambridge

Cheryl Misak

in Cambridge Pragmatism: From Peirce and James to Ramsey and Wittgenstein

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198712077
eISBN:
9780191780271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the logical analyst theory of truth of the early Russell, and the early Wittgenstein, and the Vienna Circle. On this account of truth, complex propositions are to be analysed in ... More


From Privileges and Printers’ Guilds to Copyright

Neil Weinstock Netanel and David Nimmer

in From Maimonides to Microsoft: The Jewish Law of Copyright Since the Birth of Print

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780195371994
eISBN:
9780190456658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371994.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The first printing monopoly traces back to Venice in 1469. Book privileges followed a decade later, with hundreds issued over succeeding centuries. Those special dispensations were issued by rulers ... More


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