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Hybrid Moral Theories

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies Samuel Scheffler’s ‘Hybrid View’ to the morality of reproduction. It concludes that the Hybrid View does not provide a satisfactory account of our obligations to future ... More


Evading the Demands of Justice?

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and clarifies the institutional account proposed in the previous chapter by posing it against some of the important criticisms leveled against the institutional approach. ... More


Defending Luck Egalitarianism

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to some influential objections raised by proponents of democratic equality (e.g. Anderson, Scheffler, Freeman) against luck egalitarianism. I argue that these objections are ... More


From Impersonality to Interpersonality: Alternative Conceptions of Impartiality

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sharpens Williams' second challenge to consequentialism, and harnesses it to counter one of the most influential rationales offered in support of consequentialism: the impartiality ... More


Sense and Reference

DAVID PAPINEAU

in Theory and Meaning

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by examining Scheffler's suggestion that the problems associated with the theory dependence of meaning can be avoided by switching attention from the senses to the references of ... More


The Rejection of Consequentialism: A Philosophical Investigation of the Considerations Underlying Rival Moral Conceptions

Samuel Scheffler

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235118
eISBN:
9780191598340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235119.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The term ‘consequentialism’ refers to a class of moral theories that rank states of affairs from an impersonal standpoint and require agents to produce the best states of affairs they can. Many ... More


Supererogation, Obligation, and Intransitivity

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Returns to a problem first raised in Ch. 8, namely, reconciling the existence of prerogatives not to maximize overall good (allowing for some such acts to be supererogatory) with restrictions on the ... More


Prerogatives and Restrictions

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first three chapters of Part III of the book (Chs 8–10) examine the question of whether it is morally permissible to treat people in ways ruled out by the Principle of Permissible Harm (PPH; this ... More


The Great Unraveling

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to the interpretation defended in this book, Rawls made the transition to political liberalism because he came to think that the arguments for congruence laid out in Chapters VI and VII ... More


Mad, Bad, or Faulty? Desert in Distributive and Retributive Justice 1

Matt Matravers

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the way people are has a profound effect on what they do. As a result, we have reason to question attributions of desert and responsibility to them. The problematic nature of ... More


Responsibilitarianism

Carl Knight

in Luck Egalitarianism: Equality, Responsibility, and Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638697
eISBN:
9780748652815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638697.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the role of responsibility in luck egalitarianism. Some writers – Susan Hurley being the most prominent – aver that the marriage of equality and responsibility is an unhappy ... More


The Rationality of Deontological Constraints

Matthew H. Kramer

in Torture and Moral Integrity: A Philosophical Enquiry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714200
eISBN:
9780191782664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714200.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The first main section of this chapter recounts a situation in which the perpetration of placatory torture against a certain victim would lower the incidence and severity of the acts of torture ... More


Supremacy and Impartiality

Dale Dorsey

in The Limits of Moral Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198728900
eISBN:
9780191823299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728900.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, the author attempts to discharge the burden of argument for moral antirationalism by reviving what is surely the most classic argument for that position: an appeal tomoral ... More


Being Equals: Analyzing the Nature of Social Egalitarian Relationships

Fabian Schuppert

in Social Equality: On What It Means to be Equals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199331109
eISBN:
9780190212865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331109.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores what kind of social relationships are compatible with the ideal of social equality. Building on the work of Samuel Scheffler and Martin O’Neill, it first provides a brief ... More


Intrinsic and Extrinsic Conflict

Agnes Callard

in Aspiration: The Agency of Becoming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190639488
eISBN:
9780190639518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639488.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In an “extrinsic” conflict, an agent’s desires pull her toward incompatible actions. As a matter of contingent fact, nothing she does will get her everything she wants. Intrinsically conflicted ... More


The Hope of Glory

Trenton Merricks

in Self and Identity

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780192843432
eISBN:
9780191926068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192843432.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Previous chapters defend a variety of claims about what matters in survival. This chapter puts those claims through their paces by applying them to a new topic: personal immortality. I begin by using ... More


Solidarity as a Relational Ideal

Kristi A. Olson

in The Solidarity Solution: Principles for a Fair Income Distribution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190907457
eISBN:
9780190907488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907457.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 4 argues that impersonal envy-free labor-income bundles can be derived from a relational ideal. The chapter begins by introducing Elizabeth Anderson’s and Samuel Scheffler’s distinction ... More


Terrorism and Its Claims to “Distinctive Significance”

C. A. J. Coady

in The Meaning of Terrorism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780199603961
eISBN:
9780191919121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199603961.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 3 addresses four philosophical attempts to show that terrorist attacks, definitional issues aside, have a special moral significance. In their very different ways, these philosophers ... More


Varieties of Relational Egalitarianism

Zoltan Miklosi

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy Volume 4

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198813972
eISBN:
9780191851674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores the relational critique of distributive conceptions of justice, according to which the proper focus of egalitarian justice is the egalitarian nature of social relations rather ... More


We’re Number One

George Sher

in Me, You, Us: Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190660413
eISBN:
9780190660444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190660413.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When a person must choose among actions that will affect both him and other people, he generally takes the others’ interests to have some rational weight, but not as much as his own. This familiar ... More


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