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The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247616
eISBN:
9780191598494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of scepticism is a thesis about the human condition: the view that we can know nothing, or that nothing is certain, or that everything is open to doubt. This book examines the sceptical ... More


Epilogue: Arcesilaus and the Turn to Scepticism

John Dillon

in The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Arcesilaus of Pitane succeeded Crates as head of the Academy in the mid‐270s, and is credited with instigating the era of the ‘sceptical’ Academy. Dillon shows that this radical change of direction ... More


Augustine and Philosophers

Luigi Gioia

in The Theological Epistemology of Augustine's De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553464
eISBN:
9780191720796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553464.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines first the role played by Platonism in overcoming Augustine's initial Scepticism. Then it scrutinizes the actual impact of Augustine's optimistic declarations about Platonism on ... More


Intellect and Being

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

in Plotinus on Intellect

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199281701
eISBN:
9780191713088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281701.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The main focus in this chapter is the relationship between Plotinus' ontology and his epistemology. It is argued that at the level of Intellect being and knowledge coincide, that to be is to be known ... More


Hume's Scepticism: Pyrrhonian and Academic

Peter S. Fosl

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474451123
eISBN:
9781474476928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474451123.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

David Hume (1711–76) is commonly acknowledged to be the most important philosopher of the English language, and scepticism is commonly understood to be central to Hume’s thought. What, however, ... More


Issues in Selfhood: Subjectivity and Objectivity

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter challenges the rather common view that Hellenistic-Roman thought shows a shift towards a more subjective and individualistic conception of self. It argues that this period expresses an ... More


Concepts and inquiry: Sextus and the Epicureans

Gail Fine

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

At the beginning of Outlines of Pyrrhonism (PH), Sextus says there are three main types of philosophy: Dogmatic, Academic, and Sceptic. Dogmatic philosophers think they have discovered the truth; ... More


Vats, Sets, and Tits *

A. W. Moore

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay begins with Hilary Putnam’s celebrated argument that we could not be brains in vats, which, if it is successful, rebuts an extreme philosophical scepticism. The bulk of the essay is ... More


Disturbers of the Peace

Ernest Campbell Mossner

in The Life of David Hume

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243365
eISBN:
9780191697241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.003.0038
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It was An Essay on the Nature and Immutability of Truth; in opposition to Sophistry and Scepticism, a work that went through five editions between its first appearance in 1770 and the death of David ... More


Stanley Cavell and the Education of Grownups

Naoko Saito and Paul Standish (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823234738
eISBN:
9780823240753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Education emerges as a theme in Cavell's writings in multiple ways, and his coining of the phrase that forms the title of this collection, “philosophy as the education of grownups,” reflects ... More


The Sceptics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The most extensive evidence on Sceptical argument about ethics comes from Sextus Empiricus, writing in the second century AD. Sextus describes his ... More


Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

R. J. Hankinson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, R. J. Hankinson traces the history of investigation into the nature of cause and explanation, from the beginnings of Ancient Greek philosophy in 600 bc, through the Graeco‐Roman world, ... More


One Way to Read Hegel

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 4 relates Hegel, the great spokesman and philosophical champion of the Weltbild of his literary contemporaries, to the two major themes of the book. On the one hand, it shows how he picked up ... More


Philosophical Scepticism and Everyday Life

Barry Stroud

in The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247616
eISBN:
9780191598494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247613.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 focuses on the challenge to the sceptical reasoning that what Descartes says is a requirement for everyday knowledge of the world – and would destroy all everyday knowledge of the world if ... More


Taking Scepticism Seriously

Barry Stroud

in Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252138
eISBN:
9780191598500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252130.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stroud reviews Peter Unger's Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism in detail. Stroud describes Unger as attempting to demonstrate the compatibility of de facto scepticism with human agency and thought and ... More


Blake and the Mark of the Cognitive: Notes Towards the Appearance of the Sceptical Subject

Richard C. Sha

in Distributed Cognition in Enlightenment and Romantic Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474442282
eISBN:
9781474476904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442282.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay seeks to understand the implications of the distribution of cognition across the arbitrary boundary of skull and skin into the environment so that cognition can be partly offloaded onto ... More


Scepticism

Filippo Del Lucchese

in Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474456203
eISBN:
9781474476935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474456203.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Scepticism presents itself as a monstrous philosophy whose aim is to destroy the ground on which every other dogmatic system is based. Developing an analysis of the concept of phenomenon, this ... More


Doctoring Legal Ethics: Studies in Irony

Derek Morgan

in Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259312
eISBN:
9780191681936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259312.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter closes by asking whether medical ethics can throw light on legal ethics. The Age of Scepticism has led to a different, perhaps new and more urgent puzzlement about the nature and meaning ... More


Byron and Marginality

Norbert Lennartz (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474439411
eISBN:
9781474453806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439411.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The collection of essays intends to show that everything about Byron’s poetic work baffles the scholarly desire for neat categorisations. Various attempts at re-mapping Romanticism have given ample ... More


Ancient Relativity: Plato, Aristotle, Stoics, and Sceptics

Matthew Duncombe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198846185
eISBN:
9780191881343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Relativity is the phenomenon that things relate to things: parents to their offspring; doubles to halves; larger things to smaller things. This book is about how ancient philosophers, particularly ... More


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