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Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar, and Samuel Freeman (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A collection of fifteen new papers on themes from the philosophy of T. M. Scanlon. The contributions include discussions of issues in metaethics and the theory of value (reasons and reasoning, ... More


Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Hanoch Sheinman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Promises are routinely treated as a useful philosophical laboratory for testing moral, volitional, and social phenomena. Recently, they have also come to be treated as a philosophical topic in their ... More


Better States of Affairs and Buck-Passing

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion from Chapter 16 and connects it with the earlier discussion of Scanlon's buck-passing account of value. It argues that one state of affairs can be better than ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


Desire

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defends Hypotheticalism's account of the nature of desire. Chapters 2 through 7 were neutral on the nature of desire, but in this chapter it is argued that in order for it to be possible ... More


Blame's Warrant

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

Because blame is liable to harm, some account is needed of its warrant. Without supplementation, the conversational theory is inadequate. The mere meaningfulness of a conversational response to one ... More


The Judicial Oath

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter evaluates and rejects the claim that judges must adhere to the law in suboptimal-result cases because they swore a solemn oath of office to uphold the law. The relationship between oaths ... More


Contractarianism

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Contractarianism is more than a theory of the origin or legitimacy of states. Agreements required for productive cooperation, or merely for peaceful coexistence, are held to be the basis for ... More


Thick Concepts and Internal Reasons

Ulrike Heuer

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his influential discussion of thick concepts Williams argues that the facts that make judgements, which apply thick concepts correctly, true, provide reasons for action — albeit only for the ... More


Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Aaron James

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book argues that the global economy generates significant egalitarian requirements of fairness, independently of humanitarian, human rights, or other justice concerns. Answering both economic ... More


The limits of Kantian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Kantian contractualism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the version advanced by T. M. Scanlon in What We Owe To Each Other. It begins by introducing ... More


The Permissibility of Paternalism

Peter de Marneffe

in Liberalism and Prostitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383249
eISBN:
9780199870554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383249.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Although some paternalistic government policies are morally wrong, not all are. Even some “hard” paternalistic policies are morally justifiable. This position is consistent with a due respect for ... More


Government Neutrality and Perfectionism

Peter de Marneffe

in Liberalism and Prostitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383249
eISBN:
9780199870554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383249.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Some have argued that liberalism is committed to the principle that the government should remain as neutral as possible toward conceptions of the good life. Some paternalistic prostitution laws, ... More


The Searchlight View

George Sher

in Who Knew?: Responsibility Without Awareness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195389197
eISBN:
9780199866724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389197.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter raises the question of how we are to understand the epistemic condition for responsibility. It introduces the searchlight view, which asserts that agents are responsible only for those ... More


The Responsible Self

George Sher

in Who Knew?: Responsibility Without Awareness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195389197
eISBN:
9780199866724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389197.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to the proposal introduced in Chapter 6, what renders an unwitting wrongdoer or foolish agent responsible is the causal connection that obtains between his failure to realize what he should ... More


Contesting the World‐Making Prejudice

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have for the most part come to agree on a particular, historically distinctive conception of the nature and point of human action. On the ascendant view, all actions borrow ... More


The Primacy of Good

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How should we characterize the quarry of practical thought? Some hold that practical thinking must ultimately find some non‐evaluative fact to be a reason for action. Some have affirmed a ... More


Wronging Future People: A Contractualist Proposal

Rahul Kumar

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The discussion of obligations to future generations often assumes that though the global poor can be wronged because there are obligations the affluent owe to them, those who will live in the further ... More


Main Ideas

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents the main argument of the book. It explains why both nationalist and cosmopolitan views do not account for a distinctive and politically important class of socioeconomic fairness ... More


Morality and Reasonable Partiality *

Samuel Scheffler

in Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that any coherent morality will make room for partiality, not merely in the sense that it will permit or require partial behaviour in some circumstances, but also in the sense ... More


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