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Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Anandi Hattiangadi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book provides a response to the argument for meaning scepticism set out by Saul Kripke in Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. Kripke asks what makes it the case that anybody ever means ... More


Illogical Belief (1989) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defends the theory proffered in the author's Frege's Puzzle against criticisms made by Saul Kripke and Stephen Schiffer. The assumption that invariably one would be justified in ... More


Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary a Posteriori

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Saul Kripke’s treatment of the necessary a posteriori and concomitant distinction between epistemic and metaphysical possibility. It extracts the enduring lessons of his ... More


Meaning, Rigidity, and Modality

Sanford Shieh

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Saul Kripke’s “modal argument” against the description theory of proper names turns on a distinction between reference-fixing and meaning-giving. In this essay Shieh argues first that without further ... More


Kinds, Essence, and Natural Necessity

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity is examined. An account is advanced of the logical form of statements of natural law, contrasting with that of D. M. Armstrong. ... More


Rigid Designation, Direct Reference, and Indexicality

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the contributions of Saul Kripke and David Kaplan, which are leading elements of a body of work that changed the course of analytic philosophy. It first deals with the views of ... More


Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Joseph Almog and Paolo Leonardi (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Keith Donnellan of UCLA is one of the founding fathers of contemporary philosophy of language, along with David Kaplan and Saul Kripke. Donnellan was and is an extremely creative thinker whose ... More


David Lewis’s Place in Analytic Philosophy

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to one of the most fascinating figures of the twentieth century, David Lewis. The key to understanding this author of so many works in so many areas of philosophy is to see ... More


Kripke

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

in Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Saul Kripke's mathematically rigorous, paradox-free treatment of truth for certain formal languages. Kripke adds hints about how his formal construction might model some ... More


Reference and Necessity (1997)

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251483
eISBN:
9780191602320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251487.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores the relationship between theses and questions about reference, necessity, and possibility. The analysis focuses on the theses Saul Kripke defends about individuals and their ... More


God’s Necessity

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians often claim that God exists necessarily, so that his (alleged) existence does not need an explanation. Various notions of necessity are analysed in order to determine in which ... More


Et tu, ‘Brute’?

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers demonstratives and proper names. It begins by arguing for a semantically unified treatment of demonstratives on which they are specific existentials (like specific indefinites ... More


Introduction: reference and singular thought

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The discovery of the twin categories of reference and singular thought is widely felt to be one of the landmark achievements of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. On the one hand there is the ... More


A Tale of Two Dead Ends: The Linguistic Problems of Liberal and Postliberal Theology

John Allan Knight

in Liberalism versus Postliberalism: The Great Divide in Twentieth-Century Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199969388
eISBN:
9780199301546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969388.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Previous chapters have described liberalism’s relationship to descriptivist understandings of language and postliberalism’s relationship to Wittgenstein. This chapter describes serious problems with ... More


Analytic Philosophy in America

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter traces the development of analytic philosophy in the United States, starting with the pragmatism of Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and (later) Clarence Irving Lewis, and ... More


The Semantic Framework

Nicos Stavropoulos

in Objectivity in Law

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258995
eISBN:
9780191681899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258995.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the framework within philosophy of language that is helpful in illuminating issues in the theory of legal interpretation. It argues that the application of concepts is ... More


A Reconsidered Defence of Haecceitism Regarding Fictional Individuals

William G. Lycan

in Fictional Objects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198735595
eISBN:
9780191799631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735595.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Modality and Meaning (1994) defended the minority position that nonfactual entities have haecceities (plus whatever other essential properties might be); the descriptions used to introduce them do ... More


Truth

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a concise introduction to current philosophical debates about truth. Combining philosophical and technical material, the book is organized around, but not limited to, the view known as ... More


Possibility Relative to a Sortal

Delia Graff Fara

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is (fairly) uncontroversial: a is possibly-Φ when a counterpart of a is Φ in some world. It becomes (more) controversial only once the italicized relations are constrained in some way. For Saul ... More


Apriority, Aposteriority, and Actuality

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The conception of logical truth as truth in all models is attributed to Tarski, while the conception of analytic truth as one that can be reduced to logical truths is mainly attributed to Frege. We ... More


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