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Making Nothing of “Almighty Space”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that one of Hume's principal objectives in his discussion of space and time is to discredit the Newtonian doctrine of absolute space and time, which had recently been given a ... More


The Argument a Priori and Hume's “Curious Nostrum”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although most philosophers would agree with the suggestion that Hume's treatment of the problem of causation “is the center‐piece of the Treatise” (or, at least, of Book I), they also generally hold ... More


Religious Philosophers and Speculative Atheists

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume's early critics strongly associated the skepticism of the Treatise with “atheistic” or anti‐Christian intentions. Moreover, they took Clarke's philosophy to be a particularly obvious and ... More


“Atheism” and Hume's Early Critics

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although our own contemporaries are widely agreed that Hume's Treatise was largely unconcerned with problems and issues of religion (i.e. on the general assumption that he removed all such material ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Immateriality, Immortality, and the Human Soul

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Even commentators who have explicitly argued that the Treatise has little to say on issues of religion generally accept that Hume's discussion of the immateriality of the soul contains an obvious ... More


Freedom within Necessity: Hume's “Clockwork Man”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers Hume's views on the subject “of liberty and necessity” in light of the relevant debate(s) that situate and structure his own contribution in the Treatise (T, 2.3.1–2). The ... More


Matter, Omnipotence, and Our Idea of Necessity

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter's particular concern is to identify and describe the way in which Hume's discussion of our idea of necessity (T,1.3.14) is intimately and intricately related to a number of theological ... More


Reasoning about morals from Butler to Hume

Aaron Garrett

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this chapter it is argued that Hume’s stress on experiment in moral philosophy has one of its primary sources in Butler’s criticisms of Clarke’s moral rationalism and his arguments for a moral ... More


The Construction of a New World Picture

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries there was a concern to reconcile Christianity, the traditional humanistic disciplines, and natural philosophy. There are two principal ways in ... More


Reading Plutarch, Writing Lives

Jessica Martin

in Walton’s Lives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270157
eISBN:
9780191683930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270157.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, History of Christianity

It has been shown how Izaak Walton quotes Plutarch in Lives and borrows certain situations and images from him. It can be deduced that Walton evidently read Plutarch. Walton's characters were set up ... More


Philosophy-lectures or the Sermon on the Mount: Samuel Clarke and the Trinity

Robert G. Ingram

in Reformation without end: Religion, politics and the past in post-revolutionary England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526126948
eISBN:
9781526136244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126948.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter concerns God’s nature. It focuses especially on the Christological debates between Daniel Waterland and his era’s most influential Christologically heterodox polemical divine, Samuel ... More


Samuel Clarke’s Evolving Morean Absolutism

Emily Thomas

in Absolute Time: Rifts in Early Modern British Metaphysics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198807933
eISBN:
9780191845727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807933.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Samuel Clarke is best known for the ‘Newtonian’ views on space and time he espouses in the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence. However, his writings on this topic extend far beyond that, and can help us ... More


The Autonomy of Ethics: (2) Clarke to Reid

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a number of concepts in moral philosophy in view of Samuel Clarke and Thomas Reid. A number of other moral philosophers are included in the discussion, such as Moore, Cudworth, ... More


Preparing the Battlefield: Fighting For and Against Newton after 1715

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1727, Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle celebrated his appointment at forty years of age as the first-ever perpetual secretary of the Royal Academy of Sciences. During his first three decades as ... More


Reading Clarke’s Lives in Political and Polemical Context

Peter Lake

in Writing Lives: Biography and Textuality, Identity and Representation in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199698233
eISBN:
9780191803772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199698233.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter examines the godly lives anthologised by Samuel Clarke within the generic contexts, and within the political and polemical circumstances, in which they were produced and consumed. More ... More


Even If the Flesh is Willing

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the notion of God-as-spirit, first proposed by the Reverend Samuel Clarke, and its flaws. Clarke, an important English thinker of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth ... More


The Literature of Physico-Theology

Philip Connell

in Secular Chains: Poetry and the Politics of Religion from Milton to Pope

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199269587
eISBN:
9780191820496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269587.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Moving forward into the early Hanoverian era, this chapter analyses the political significance of Newtonian apologetic as it found expression in the poetry of James Thomson. The heterodox ... More


Revivals: Evangelical Enlightenment

Sarah Rivett

in The Science of the Soul in Colonial New England

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835241
eISBN:
9781469600789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807835241.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses how theological works such as Samuel Clarke's Discourse concerning the Being and Attributes of God (1711) emphatically denies the materialism of Spinoza and Descartes by ... More


Has not reason been abused as well as religion? Matthew Tindal and the Scriptures

Robert G. Ingram

in Reformation without end: Religion, politics and the past in post-revolutionary England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526126948
eISBN:
9781526136244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126948.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter concerns the sources of the triune Christian God’s revealed truth about himself and his creation. In particular, it anatomizes the debates over ‘deism’ between Waterland and Matthew ... More


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