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A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

J. Rixey Ruffin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley was a Congregationalist pastor in Salem, Massachusetts, during the first few decades of independence. He was also a figure quite unlike anyone else in all of America. In talent, ... More


Introduction

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

These opening pages introduce the reader to the figure of William Bentley, to the physical and ecclesiastical structure of Salem, and to the central place of religiosity within the bustling economic ... More


 Republicanism Victorious

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Until 1800, Salem was for all intents a one‐party town, the Federalists enjoying almost complete hegemony over local politics. But in 1800, the Democratic‐Republicans entered the fray with new life, ... More


 Prologue

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The prologue narrates both the formative years of Bentley's life before his call to the East Church in 1783 and also the history of that church before that date. Born the son of an artisan father in ... More


The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Lewis R. Fischer (ed.)

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This volume collects eight essays that all attempt to answer two key concerns: did markets for seafarers exist in the age of sail; and, if so, were these markets efficient? The question was initially ... More


Melancholic Men

Janice Carlisle

in Common Scents: Comparative Encounters in High-Victorian Fiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165098
eISBN:
9780199787685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165098.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter treats the principal male characters of Oliphant's Salem Chapel, Dickens' Great Expectations, and Meredith's Evan Harrington, each of whom is inodorate, a characterization that points to ... More


Introduction

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

in Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of mobbing in workplaces, schools, and other organizations, and it situates mobbing within a historical context while distinguishing it from bullying. Unlike ... More


The Browning of the New South

Jennifer A. Jones

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226600840
eISBN:
9780226601038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226601038.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The U.S. Southeast has become a harbinger of twenty-first-century immigrant integration and race relations. Its unique characteristics of rapid demographic change, an explosion of anti-immigrant ... More


The Specter of Salem: Remembering the Witch Trials in Nineteenth-Century America

Gretchen A. Adams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226005416
eISBN:
9780226005423
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226005423.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book reveals the many ways that the Salem witch trials loomed over the American collective memory from the Revolution to the Civil War and beyond. Schoolbooks in the 1790s, for example, evoked ... More


Thwarting the Errand

Robert C. Fuller

in Naming the Antichrist: The History of an American Obsession

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195109795
eISBN:
9780199853281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109795.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Convinced that salvation history was moving from east to west, the early American colonists knew themselves to be on God's “errand into the wilderness.” As fate had it, however, this errand ... More


Disaster Citizenship: Survivors, Solidarity, and Power in the Progressive Era

Jacob A. C. Remes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039836
eISBN:
9780252097942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039836.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

A century ago, governments buoyed by Progressive Era beliefs began to assume greater responsibility for protecting and rescuing citizens. Yet the aftermath of two disasters in the United ... More


Pioneer Models of Methodist Missionary Enterprise: The Chain of Missions and the Albany Settlement, 1820–1838

Fiona Vernal

in The Farmerfield Mission: A Christian Community in South Africa, 1838-2008

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199843404
eISBN:
9780199950546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843404.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter two examines pioneer Methodist evangelism at the Cape and the establishment of a chain of mission stations among Africans living beyond the borders of the Cape Colony. Proselytizing at a time ... More


The Arrival of Archaeology and the Shadow of Lincoln

in The Sangamo Frontier: History and Archaeology in the Shadow of Lincoln

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226514246
eISBN:
9780226514239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Some of the earliest historical archaeology in the country was conducted in central Illinois. Shortly after Abraham Lincoln's death in 1865, people began visiting a lonely bluff-top pasture ... More


“It Is Easy Enough to Establish Camps”: Geographies of Community and Resistance in Burned Salem

Jacob A. C. Remes

in Disaster Citizenship: Survivors, Solidarity, and Power in the Progressive Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039836
eISBN:
9780252097942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039836.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the geographies of community and resistance in Salem following the fire. The Salem fire created immediate and pressing problems for residents: where to sleep and what to eat. ... More


Hawthorne's Habitations: A Literary Life

Robert Milder

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199917259
eISBN:
9780190252908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199917259.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This book presents a literary/biographical study of Nathaniel Hawthorne's full career. It presents a self-divided man and writer strongly attracted to reality for its own sake and remarkably adept at ... More


Memory and Nation: The Revolution and the Early Republic

in The Specter of Salem: Remembering the Witch Trials in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226005416
eISBN:
9780226005423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226005423.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines how the Salem witch trials were embedded in the creation of a distinctly American national mythology in the wake of the Revolution, and explores the role of both print and ... More


Recruitment and Promotion: The Merchant Fleet of Salem, Massachusetts, 1670-1765

Vince Walsh

in The Market for Seamen in the Age of Sail

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780969588566
eISBN:
9781786944870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780969588566.003.0002
Subject:
History, Maritime History

Vince Walsh examines Salem, Massachusetts, and finds that the market within Salem was efficient yet would only recruit within Salem and suffered as a result.


College: Round II

ALLEN JONES and Mark Naison

in The Rat That Got Away: A Bronx Memoir

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823231027
eISBN:
9780823240821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823231027.003.0025
Subject:
History, Social History

Over the years, Allen Jones had become convinced that there was no God of Second Chances. The God he had been dealing with had given him three, four, five, and more. So he should not have been ... More


Melchizedek, King of Sodom: How Scribes Invented the Biblical Priest-King

Robert R. Cargill

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946968
eISBN:
9780190946999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946968.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This book argues that the biblical figure Melchizedek mentioned in Gen. 14 as the king of Shalem originally appeared in the text as the king of Sodom. Textual evidence is presented to demonstrate ... More


Epilogue: The mystery of beta decay

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The mystery of beta decay temporarily challenged the conservation of energy. The discovery of the neutrino solved this mystery and preserved the conservation law.


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