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The Christian Frontier

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The purpose of mission was seen as the extension of Christian worship and ‘the Christian name’. Scandinavia offers a picture of (relatively) peaceful evangelism, with the protection of the rulers. ... More


Excursus: al-Husayn and Saladin in Palestinian Lore

Daniella Talmon-Heller

in Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474460965
eISBN:
9781474480772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This excursus offers a brief glimpse into annual celebrations (mawāsim) at the sacred site of al-Husayn's head by the ruins of Ascalon, 1875 - 1947. These began with a procession from the nearby town ... More


Mirror of Chivalry: Saladin in the Medieval European Imagination

John V. Tolan

in Sons of Ishmael: Muslims through European Eyes in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032221
eISBN:
9780813038964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032221.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter discusses how some Latin writers portrayed Saladin stereotypically as a cruel scourge, sent by God to punish Christian sins. Over the course of the Middle Ages, however, European authors ... More


Veneratio Sarracenorum: Shared Devotion among Muslims and Christians, According to Burchard of Strasbourg, Envoy from Frederic Barbarossa to Saladin (c. 1175)

John V. Tolan

in Sons of Ishmael: Muslims through European Eyes in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032221
eISBN:
9780813038964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032221.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter discusses an account of Burchard of Strasbourg of his travels from Cairo to Damascus in a bid to negotiate an alliance with Saladin. Along with his numerous descriptions of the things he ... More


The Shrine in Cairo under the Sunni Ayyubids and Mamluks

Daniella Talmon-Heller

in Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474460965
eISBN:
9781474480772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The re-Sunnification of Cairo, initiated by Saladin after the overthrow of the Fatimids in 1171, did not impede the veneration of the Husayni shrine and mosque. It ceased to constitute a source of ... More


The Shrine in Ascalon under the Ayyubids and Mamluks

Daniella Talmon-Heller

in Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474460965
eISBN:
9781474480772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Ascalon was regained by the Muslim in 1187, and abandoned again in 1192, when Saladin's men razed its walls in accordance with his agreement with Richard Lionheart. Badr al-Din's minbar was sent to ... More


Ibn ‘Asakir and the Intensification and Reorientation of Sunni Jihad Ideology in Crusader-Era Syria

Suleiman A. Mourad and James E. Lindsay

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The arrival of the crusaders in Syria led several scholars to rally the Muslims around a renewed ideology of jihad. This chapter examines the work of Ibn ‘Asakir of Damascus (d. 1176). His works ... More


Institutional Shifts and Political Divergences

Malek Khouri

in The Arab National Project in Youssef Chahine's Cinema

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163548
eISBN:
9781617970153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163548.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The new phase discussed in this chapter saw important political, institutional, and stylistic shifts beginning to take hold in the filmmaker's cinema. Just after the production of his 1963 film ... More


Introduction

Kurt J. Werthmuller

in Coptic Identity and Ayyubid Politics in Egypt: 1218–1250

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163456
eISBN:
9781617970238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163456.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

In the early thirteenth century, Greater Cairo had an expanse spread into a metropolitan; yet even so, some of its urban centers compete for prominence. Al-Qahira, Cairo's namesake, had been ... More


The Crusader States and their Neighbours: A Military History, 1099-1187

Nicholas Morton

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198824541
eISBN:
9780191863325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824541.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Military History

The Crusader States and their Neighbours explores the military history of the medieval Near East, piecing together the fault-lines of conflict which entangled this much-contested region. This was an ... More


Saladino Rinato: Spanish and Italian Courtly Fictions of Crusade

Samuel England

in Medieval Empires and the Culture of Competition: Literary Duels at Islamic and Christian Courts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474425223
eISBN:
9781474438544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474425223.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Completes the historical arc of the book, exploring the last generations of medieval writers, ushering in the Renaissance. Juan Manuel, Dante Alighieri, and Giovanni Boccaccio, created a new identity ... More


Saladin’s Pious Foundations in Damascus: Some New Hypotheses Anne-Marie Eddé

Anne-Marie Eddé

in Living Islamic History: Studies in Honour of Professor Carole Hillenbrand

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637386
eISBN:
9780748653218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637386.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Throughout his life, Saladin displayed a particular affection for Damascus. It was there he spent much of his youth and where he embarked on his political career under the tutelage of his father, ... More


Concluding Reflections 1

Thomas Pogge

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically engaging fellow authors Blake, Sangiovanni, Meckled-Garcia, and Freeman, this chapter proposes to characterize cosmopolitanism through the principle that the ensemble of global rules and ... More


The Early Decades of Ayyūbid Rule

Joseph Drory

in Perspectives on Maimonides: Philosophical and Historical Studies

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100714
eISBN:
9781800340404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100714.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter reflects on the early decades of Ayyūbid rule, which corresponded with Maimonides’ early years in Egypt. The Ayyūbid rulers, while endeavouring to shape the country according to their ... More


Saladin’s Egypt and Maimonides

Andrew S. Ehrenkreutz

in Perspectives on Maimonides: Philosophical and Historical Studies

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100714
eISBN:
9781800340404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100714.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the transition in power from the Shīʻī Fāṭimids to the Sunnī Ayyūbids, and the coincidence of Maimonides’ rise to prominence at this juncture. When Maimonides settled in ... More


Saladin’s Religious Personality, Policy, and Image

Michael Winter

in Perspectives on Maimonides: Philosophical and Historical Studies

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100714
eISBN:
9781800340404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100714.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines Saladin’s religious personality, policy, and image, highlighting his piety and his reputation as a holy warrior. The charismatic personality of Saladin, the great Ayyūbid ... More


The Sovereign and the Foreign: Creating Saladin in Arabic Literature of the Counter-Crusade

Samuel England

in Medieval Empires and the Culture of Competition: Literary Duels at Islamic and Christian Courts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474425223
eISBN:
9781474438544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474425223.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Continues the book’s examination of Arabic poetry as a means for ascent in the court and as a tool for exerting control over the empire. The focus here is the sultan Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn al-Ayyub, ... More


Sultans and Slaves: Salih’s Rise to Power

D. Fairchild Ruggles

in Tree of Pearls: The Extraordinary Architectural Patronage of the 13th-Century Egyptian Slave-Queen Shajar al-Durr

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190873202
eISBN:
9780190873233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873202.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Like all Ayyubid princes, Sultan Salih rose to power by fighting his family members, aided by his large army of Turkic slaves, called mamluks. After a period of captivity in which his Turkic ... More


The Frontier Strategy: 1170–1187

Steve Tibble

in The Crusader Strategy: Defending the Holy Land

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300253115
eISBN:
9780300256291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300253115.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses Reynald of Châtillon, lord of the Transjordan, who had made a statement of aggressive intent in 1183 and taunt Saladin in an extremely public and personal way. It describes ... More


The Mamluk Rulers of Egypt

in How Many Miles to Babylon?: Travels and Adventures to Egypt and Beyond, From 1300 to 1640

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236580
eISBN:
9781846313295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236580.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The Mamluks were a military elite who came from the Eurasian steppes to settle in Egypt. Their military prowess, which was instrumental in defeating the Mongols and Christian invaders, earned them ... More


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