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Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Anne Haour

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

What do we learn if we look in parallel at the past of two distinct parts of the world? This book weighs this question by considering both the central Sahel of West Africa and the European countries ... More


The case for comparison

Anne Haour

in Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the comparison of rulers, warriors, traders, and clerics on the central Sahel and the North Sea region. It argues that there was more ... More


People in context: overview and conclusions

Anne Haour

in Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study which compared the rulers, warriors, traders, and clerics of medieval central Sahel and north-west Europe. It discusses the problems ... More


Scope and Dimensions: The Case of Sahelian and Sub-Saharan African Migration to Europe

Gregory White

in Climate Change and Migration: Security and Borders in a Warming World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794829
eISBN:
9780199919284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794829.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the science associated with climate induced migration. Humans have always migrated in response to a complex array of stimuli and “forcings.” Despite the historical precedents, ... More


Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Amartya Sen

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main focus of this book is on the causation of starvation in general and of famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines concentrates on food supply. This is shown to be ... More


Drought and Famine in the Sahel

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the drought of 1968–73, and the famines of the 1970s in the in the six West African countries of Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Upper Volta, Niger, and Chad. The famines are analysed in ... More


Prologue

Michael A. Gomez

in African Dominion: A New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196824
eISBN:
9781400888160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196824.003.0001
Subject:
History, African History

This prologue provides an overview of the history of early and medieval West Africa. During this period, the rise of Islam, the relationship of women to political power, the growth and influence of ... More


Slavery and Race Imagined in Bilād As-Sūdān

Michael A. Gomez

in African Dominion: A New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196824
eISBN:
9781400888160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196824.003.0005
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter looks at the trans-Saharan slave trade and its imbrications with developing notions of race and gender. The fifth/eleventh century transition to reform Islam in the western Sahel was ... More


Renaissance: The Age of Askia Al-Ḥājj Muḥammad

Michael A. Gomez

in African Dominion: A New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196824
eISBN:
9781400888160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196824.003.0011
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter discusses the reign of Askia Muḥammad. Originally affixed to clerical and commercial interests, the askia's arrogation of power would encourage a review of those relations, leading to a ... More


Land, Investment, and Migration: Thirty-five Years of Village Life in Mali

Camilla Toulmin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198852766
eISBN:
9780191887147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852766.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

How do people survive and thrive in the uncertain and risk-prone Sahel? This long-term study portrays the people of Dlonguébougou in Central Mali, to show how they have adapted to change over the ... More


The Western Range Goes Global: Neo-Malthusianism and Pastoral Development

Nathan F. Sayre

in The Politics of Scale: A History of Rangeland Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226083117
eISBN:
9780226083391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226083391.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Range science was the only institutionalized science dedicated to rangelands when international pastoral development programs began following World War II. The concept of carrying capacity lay at the ... More


Pastoral migration: mobile systems of livestock husbandry

Roy H. Behnke, Maria E. Fernandez‐Gimenez, Matthew D. Turner, and Florian Stammler

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Spatial resource gradients, processes of plant maturation, and grass-grazer interactions are among the biophysical factors that structure ungulate movement systems, irrespective of whether the ... More


* Re-Greening the Sahel: Linking Adaptation to Climate Change, Poverty Reduction, and Sustainable Development in Drylands

Chris Reij

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on forest recovery in Niger, one of the poorest countries in Africa. Although Niger is perceived as environmentally degraded and in permanent crisis, there has been large-scale ... More


Modeling Feedbacks Between Water and Vegetation in the North African Climate System

James R. Miller and Gary L. Russell

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0028
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the importance of water for life on earth and how life itself affects the global hydrologic cycle and, consequently, the climate of the planet. A global climate model is ... More


Ibrahim

Michael Jackson

in Wherewithal of Life: Ethics, Migration, and the Question of Well-Being

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520276703
eISBN:
9780520956810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276703.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Meeting Ibrahim: Amsterdam and refugees; drought in the Sahel; migration and the vision of utopia; being stuck and being able to move; getting an education; tensions between tradition and modernity; ... More


Contrasts

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The effect of the Hadley cell on regional climate is explored, in particular the dry subtropical regions where many of the world’s deserts are to be found, and the equatorial region frequented by ... More


Unequal Research Relationships in Highly Insecure Places: Of Fear, Funds and Friendship

Morten Bøås

in Doing Fieldwork in Areas of International Intervention: A Guide to Research in Violent and Closed Contexts

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529206883
eISBN:
9781529206906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206883.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines violent contexts that equally represent specific challenges and threats to researchers and their collaborators and brokers. It offers a self-critical reflection on Morten Bøås's ... More


Human Impacts and Desertification

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Desertification is of particular concern in many parts of the world that are adjacent to deserts. Desertification occurs when the changes in environment are not reversible, and includes global ... More


The State and the Dilemma of Security Policy

Abdennour Benantar

in Algeria Modern: From Opacity to Complexity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190491536
eISBN:
9780190638542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190491536.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyses the management and implementation of Algeria’s security policies at a time when the country’s security apparatus is adapting to the changing regional political landscape. The ... More


In the Eye of the Storm: Algeria’s South and its Sahelian Borders

Anouar Boukhars

in Algeria Modern: From Opacity to Complexity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190491536
eISBN:
9780190638542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190491536.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter deals with the changing dynamics between Algeria’s political centre and periphery, arguing that the country’s south no longer is a simple buffer periphery whose principal utility lies in ... More


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