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Mechanical design

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various mechanical designs for STM and AFM. The central piece of the mechanical design of STM and AFM is the course positioner. Therefore, various types of course positioners ... More


Introduction

Peter Eaton and Paul West

in Atomic Force Microscopy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the background to AFM, placing it in the context of other microscopic techniques. It describes some major highlights of AFM, illustrating the power of the technique. It describes ... More


Tip Treatment

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various methods for tip treatment. First, a general discussion about the experimental facts of STM and AFM tips is presented, which points to the subtleties and significance of ... More


Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various aspects of scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). It is an extension of the classical tunneling spectroscopy experiment to nanometer-scale or atomic-scale features on ... More


Nanometer-Scale Imaging

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the imaging mechanism of STM at the nanometer scale, where the features of interest are of about one nanometer and up. Using an s-wave tip model, using the Bardeen tunneling ... More


Atomic-Scale Imaging

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the imaging mechanism of STM and AFM at the atomic scale. Experimental facts show that at atomic resolution, tip electronic states play a key role. Analytic theoretical ... More


Introduction

E. L. Wolf

in Principles of Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589494
eISBN:
9780191731334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589494.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter summarizes concepts of quantum mechanical tunnelling, with their key applications historically and, in particular, their applications to an energy spectroscopy of solids. ... More


Tunneling in normal-state structures: I

E. L. Wolf

in Principles of Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589494
eISBN:
9780191731334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589494.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes basic tunnel junction types and summarizes applicable calculational approaches. The junction types include metal insulator metal (MIM) junctions, metal-insulator-semiconductor ... More


Inhomogeneous superconductors: the superconducting proximity effect

E. L. Wolf

in Principles of Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589494
eISBN:
9780191731334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589494.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The superconducting proximity effect is based on the continuity of the pair wave function allowing pairs to flow across a specular SN boundary resulting in superconducting effects in the N region. ... More


Spectroscopic Imaging STM Studies of Electronic Structure in Both the Superconducting and Pseudogap Phases of Underdoped Cuprates

K Fujita, A.R Schmidt, E.-A Kim, M.J Lawler, H Eisaki, S Uchida, and J.C Davis

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A motivation for the development of atomically resolved spectroscopic imaging STM (SI-STM) has been to study the broken symmetries in the electronic structure of cuprate high temperature ... More


Short-term memory and stochastic dynamics

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco

in The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199587865
eISBN:
9780191702471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587865.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes how short-term memory systems in the brain are implemented by attractor networks, and how noise generated by the probabilistic spiking of individual neurons affects the ... More


Probabilistic decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco

in The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199587865
eISBN:
9780191702471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587865.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows how an attractor network can model probabilistic decision making. For decision making, the attractor network is trained to have two or more attractor states, each of which ... More


Applications of this stochastic dynamical theory to brain function

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco

in The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199587865
eISBN:
9780191702471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587865.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows how the concept of probabilistic operation of networks in the brain has applications to understanding a myriad of brain functions, including the non-deterministic properties of ... More


Animated Atom Boy

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The concept of the atom dates back to the speculations of Democritus and other Ancient Greek philosophers, but it was only in modern times that atoms were shown to exist and physicists began to ... More


Problems of learning and memory: one or multiple memory systems?

L. WEISKRANTZ

in Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Learning, and hence memory, is ubiquitous not only throughout the animal kingdom, but apparently throughout many regions of the brain. Is all learning reducible to a single common form? ... More


Mechanical Design

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various mechanical designs for STM and AFM. The central piece of the mechanical design of STM and AFM is the course positioner. Therefore, various types of course positioners ... More


Tip Treatment

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various methods for tip treatment. First, a general discussion about the experimental facts of STM and AFM tips is presented, which points to the subtleties and significance of ... More


Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology

Cyrus C. M. Mody

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134941
eISBN:
9780262298186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134941.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) has been hailed as the “key enabling discovery for nanotechnology,” the catalyst for a scientific field that attracts nearly USD 20 billion in funding each ... More


Experimental methods: Spectroscopic

Vladimir Z. Kresin, Hans Morawitz, and Stuart A. Wolf

in Superconducting State: Mechanisms and Properties

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199652556
eISBN:
9780191767784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652556.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Several of the most important experimental techniques that have been used to probe the most fundamental properties of the superconducting state, the energy gap, and the pairing interaction are ... More


Experimental probes of graphene

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After brief review of important electrical transport measurements, optical and Raman methods, techniques of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and scanning tunnelling microscopy, ... More


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