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Russia from the Death of Nicholas I to the Abdication of Nicholas II, 1855–1917

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

in Russian Identities: A Historical Survey

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156508
eISBN:
9780199868230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156508.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the events that took place after the death of Nicholas I. It narrates that Nicholas I passed his throne to his son, Alexander II, and instructed him to liberate the serfs. It ... More


Yiddish proletarian language

Gennady Estraikh

in Soviet Yiddish: Language-Planning and Linguistic Development

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184799
eISBN:
9780191674365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184799.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

In the 1920s, Yiddish gained in the Soviet Union a functional diversity of usage which has no precedents in the history of the language. Correspondingly, the vocabulary of Yiddish was modernized to ... More


Language planning of the 1930s

Gennady Estraikh

in Soviet Yiddish: Language-Planning and Linguistic Development

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184799
eISBN:
9780191674365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184799.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

In the 1930s, conflicts between competing groups of Yiddish language planners intensified. Adherents of the further Russification of Yiddish (at the expense of Hebrew-Aramaic and German components) ... More


Conclusion

Gennady Estraikh

in Soviet Yiddish: Language-Planning and Linguistic Development

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184799
eISBN:
9780191674365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184799.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The zeal displayed by Soviet Jewish authorities and those involved in language planning to combine the development of Yiddish culture with the objectives of Soviet totalitarian ideology, led, in the ... More


Introduction

Antony Polonsky

in Jews in Poland and Russia: 1881-1914 v. 2

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113836
eISBN:
9781800341067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113836.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Jews in Poland and Russia in the years between 1881 and 1914. After the assassination of Alexander II in 1881, the situation of the Jews in the ... More


Edward C. Thaden, with the collaboration of Marianna Forster Thaden, Russia's Western Borderlands, 1710-1870. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1984. Pp. 278.

L. R. Lewitter

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter evaluates Edward C. Thaden's Russia's Western Borderlands, 1710–1870 (1984). The territories in question are Finland, Estonia, Livonia, Courland, Lithuania, White Russia, the right bank ... More


The Polish Revolt of 1863 and the Birth of Russification: Bad for the Jews?

John D. Klier

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses how the Polish uprising of 1863 was a traumatic event for Russian society. It was an early warning that the reform era in Russia would not immediately solve all the problems of ... More


Glue for the Vertebrae

Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern

in Lenin's Jewish Question

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300152104
eISBN:
9780300168600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300152104.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the Russification of the Soviet people and its relation with the Jewish identity of Vladimir Lenin. It discusses how Russian chauvinism enhanced Russian paternalism toward ... More


Language Sacred and Language Injurious: Ethical Encounters with the Other

Dace Dzenovska

in School of Europeanness: Tolerance and Other Lessons in Political Liberalism in Latvia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501716836
eISBN:
9781501716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716836.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 5 turns to language as the primary area of tolerance work and shows that learning the liberal virtue of tolerance also required adapting new language ideologies, ones that viewed words as ... More


The Russian Federation and Russian-Speaking Identity in Latvia

Ammon Cheskin

in Russian Speakers in Post-Soviet Latvia: Discursive Identity Strategies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780748697434
eISBN:
9781474418539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697434.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter examines the role of the Russian Federation, as a possible kin-state, in sponsoring and facilitating discursive identity strategies for Latvia’s Russian speakers. The chapter traces ... More


Insider Muslims

James H. Meyer

in Turks Across Empires: Marketing Muslim Identity in the Russian-Ottoman Borderlands, 1856-1914

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198725145
eISBN:
9780191792564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725145.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at the imperial heartland, focusing upon Kazan. Muslim elites in central Russia, it argues, played important roles as mediators between tsarist officials and larger populations of ... More


The Archaeology of a Great Power: The Complications of Composition

L. S. Klejn

in Soviet Archaeology: Trends, Schools, and History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199601356
eISBN:
9780191804595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199601356.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the state of Soviet archaeology under the ideology of the Soviet Union. It considers the Soviet empire's centralism combined with imperialism and internationalism, with ethnic ... More


Musical Life in Helsinki (1880–1905): A Context for Sibelius’s Violin Concerto

Tina K. Ramnarine

in Jean Sibelius's Violin Concerto

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190611538
eISBN:
9780190611576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190611538.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter focuses on musical and political life in Helsinki from 1880 to 1905, considering the importance of both the educator Martin Wegelius and the composer-conductor Robert Kajanus to the ... More


Conclusion: Constructing and Envisioning Empire

Nancy Shields Kollmann

in The Russian Empire 1450-1801

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199280513
eISBN:
9780191822803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280513.003.0024
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This concluding chapter addresses the issue of national consciousness, which for the Russian empire by the end of the eighteenth century remained “imperial” rather than “Russifying.” Catherine II ... More


Rupture and Reclamation

Kathryn E. Graber

in Mixed Messages: Mediating Native Belonging in Asian Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501750502
eISBN:
9781501750533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750502.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks into the legacies of the twentieth century's massive modernization efforts through the terms rupture and loss, in which contemporary Buryats predominantly understand the history of ... More


Territorial Integrity

Gerard Toal

in Near Abroad: Putin, the West and the Contest over Ukraine and the Caucasus

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190253301
eISBN:
9780197559567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190253301.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Social and Political Geography

On the Evening of August 7, 2008, Inal Pliyev was working late at his office in the center of Tskhinval(i). A former journalist, Pliyev was head of communications for the self-declared South ... More


Nadir and Normalization, 1896–1914

Stephen Badalyan Riegg

in Russia's Entangled Embrace: Russia's Entangled Embrace

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501750113
eISBN:
9781501750137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750113.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the nadir in modern Russo-Armenian ties and the temporary abrogation of Armenian ecclesiastical independence in 1903. It details the subsequent restoration of the familiar ... More


Depoliticizing Piety, Russifying Faith

Paul W. Werth

in The Tsar's Foreign Faiths: Toleration and the Fate of Religious Freedom in Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199591770
eISBN:
9780191757778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591770.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Focusing on the decades after the January Insurrection of 1863, this chapter shows that “religious toleration” in Russia did not extend to any manifestations of spirituality that could be considered ... More


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