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Scientific Institutions

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter seeks to analyse the involvement of Jews and Quakers in a range of scientific institutions. One is the Royal Society of London, the membership of which was open to non-Anglicans since no ... More


Organizing Science

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Through examination of the activities of the X-men within scientific societies this chapter reveals much about the mundane operation of scientific societies, their characteristic organisational ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


The Author and the Referee

Alex Csiszar

in The Scientific Journal: Authorship and the Politics of Knowledge in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226553238
eISBN:
9780226553375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553375.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the late 1820s, British scientific practitioners joined political crusaders calling for the reform of institutions of governance. Among other things, scientific reformers wanted means of ... More


The Membership

G. L’E Turner

in Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter contains biographical sketches of the members, together with a record of attendance and non-attendance at the meetings, and brief commentary. The men who met at the Chapter Coffee House, ... More


Fifty‐Eight Years of Friendship: Kelvin and Stokes

Alastair Wood

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the friendship between Sir G. G. Stokes and Kelvin. Kelvin was Stokes's principal correspondent over a period of fifty-six years. The correspondence between the two provide ... More


“The Wonderful Elaboratory of the Animal Body”: The Royal Society's Repository at Work

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Royal Society’s early museum at Gresham College in London where objects from the institution’s far-flung contacts were put on public display. Examining the ways in which ... More


Confirming Signs: The Prophetic Ethos of the Early Royal Society

Lynda Walsh

in Scientists as Prophets: A Rhetorical Genealogy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199857098
eISBN:
9780199345410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857098.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter discusses Francis Bacon's influence on the ethos of the fledgling Royal Society of London. Bacon was more than just an authorizing figurehead for the Society's founders. They imitated ... More


Edward Bancroft’s Guiana Eels and London Connections

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter centers on what Edward Bancroft, a New Englander who became close to Franklin and who was elected a member of the Royal Society with his help, wrote about the South American eels. During ... More


Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Matthew C. Hunter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book offers an unprecedented exploration of the stunning visual strategies and stylized cognitive techniques deployed in the pursuit of knowledge by experimental philosophers associated with the ... More


The Electrical World of Benjamin Franklin

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The previous chapter showed how theories involving rapid muscle contractions replaced ancient ideas about cold vapors and venoms, and vague notions of occult (hidden) forces, when accounting for the ... More


Introduction

T. H. Levere

in Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses the origins of the Coffee House Philosophical Society, a group of chemists, medical practitioners, political radicals, philosophical clergymen, industrialists, and instrument ... More


Agricultural improvement and the rise of crop breeding

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The Renaissance provided some stimulus to European agriculture but a far more profound phenomenon after 1550 CE was a ‘neonaissance’ involving the creation and publishing de novo of reliable ... More


Philosophers, Mariners, Tides

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter traces England's initial commitment to the study of the littoral environment. After an initial surge of interest in tidal theory following the founding of the Royal Society of London, ... More


Celestial Events

Tamara Plakins Thornton

in Nathaniel Bowditch and the Power of Numbers: "How a Nineteenth-Century Man of Business, Science, and the Sea Changed American Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626932
eISBN:
9781469628110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626932.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Bowditch’s attempts to join the international Republic of Letters through scholarly publication, culminating in 1818 with his honorary membership in London’s Royal Society, the ... More


Burned by Success

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how, with Lyell’s collaboration, Darwin navigated the social world of British science in the late 1830s. Lyell’s interventions were a mixed blessing. Although he groomed Darwin as ... More


Interlude: Competing Ethical Models and a Catch-22

Lynda Walsh

in Scientists as Prophets: A Rhetorical Genealogy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199857098
eISBN:
9780199345410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857098.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter reviews the major factors influencing the construction of late-modern scientific ethos in light of the findings on the persistent meme of prophetic ethos. It examines the rhetorical ... More


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