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Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

William A. Pettigrew

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In the years following the Glorious Revolution, independent slave traders challenged the charter of the Royal African Company (RAC) by asserting their natural rights as Britons to trade freely in ... More


“Bodies of Men”: Abolitionist Writing and the Question of Interest

John O’brien

in Literature Incorporated: The Cultural Unconscious of the Business Corporation, 1650-1850

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226291123
eISBN:
9780226291260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226291260.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

The first abolitionist movement of the 1780s and 90s was aimed at breaking the power of what Thomas Clarkson called the “bodies of men,” the corporate entities that ran the transatlantic slave trade. ... More


The Politics of Slave-Trade Escalation, 1672–1712

William A. Pettigrew

in Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses the political aspects of slave-trade escalation. In response to the Royal African Company’s monopoly over the transatlantic slave trade, independent slave traders mounted a ... More


The Strategies: “As Witches Do the Devil”

William A. Pettigrew

in Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter compares the political strategies of the separate traders and the Royal African Company: their respective political actions, mediated by political ideologies and in response to changing ... More


The Interests: “a well-Governed army of Veteran Troops” versus “an Undefinable heteroclite body” of “Pirates” and “buccaneers”

William A. Pettigrew

in Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses the ways in which independent slave traders achieved solidarity with disparate opponents of the Royal African Company. The 1698 Act to Settle the Trade to Africa helped broaden ... More


The Legacies: Free to Enslave

William A. Pettigrew

in Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter assesses how the political disputes between the African Company and the separate traders helped produce from the 1680s to the 1760s the ideological and policy underpinnings for the ... More


The Ideas: Challenging the “Tales of … Mandevil”

William A. Pettigrew

in Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses the ways in which the public political disputes between the Royal African Company and the separate traders generated a conflict of ideologies. Late Stuart politics forced both ... More


The Slave Trade, the Asiento, and the National Interest, 1698–1718

Abigail L. Swingen

in Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300187540
eISBN:
9780300189445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300187540.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores why slavery and the slave trade came to be accepted as crucial to England’s national interest by focusing on the asiento, the exclusive contract to supply the Spanish American ... More


Exclusion, the Tory Ascendancy, and the English Empire, 1678–1688

Abigail L. Swingen

in Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300187540
eISBN:
9780300189445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300187540.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter begins with the political nadir for the Royal African Company: the Exclusion Crisis. From 1679-1681 the House of Commons tried on three occasions to exclude the Duke of York from the ... More


Politicized Empire: The Crown, the African Company, and Centralization, 1671–1678

Abigail L. Swingen

in Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300187540
eISBN:
9780300189445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300187540.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The 1670s were aparticularly volatile decade for English politics, and this chapter explores the imperial implications of this instability. By the mid-1670s, it became clear to the king’s brother, ... More


The Public Life and Death of a Propertied, but Artificial Person: The Divestment of the Royal African Company and a Reconciliation of Parliamentary Supremacy and the Sanctity of Property, 1747–1752

William A. Pettigrew

in Revisiting The Polite and Commercial People: Essays in Georgian Politics, Society, and Culture in Honour of Professor Paul Langford

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198802631
eISBN:
9780191840937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802631.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter uses the divestment of the Royal African Company (1747–1752) to shed light on a central question posed by Paul Langford’s work: how did the eighteenth-century British Parliament ... More


The 1690s: War, Unfree Labor, and Empire

Abigail L. Swingen

in Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300187540
eISBN:
9780300189445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300187540.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

After the Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689, the Royal African Company no longer held its monopoly, and the slave trade was effectively open. Throughout the 1690s, the company’s supporters, as well as ... More


. Captive Markets for Captive People: Legal Dispersals of Africans Ina Peripheral Economy, CA. 1640–1700

Gregory E. O’Malley

in Final Passages: The Intercolonial Slave Trade of British America, 1619–1807

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469615349
eISBN:
9781469615554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469615349.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on the legal slave trade between 1640 and 1700. It examines the factors that inhibited the development of more regular intercolonial trade involving African captives, and how the ... More


“This African Monster”

William A. Pettigrew

in Freedom’s Debt: The Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611815
eISBN:
9781469611839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter begins with a brief account of the political dispute between the Royal African Company (RAC) and its independent slave-trading opponents. It then sets out the book’s focus, namely the ... More


Restoration Legacies: Tragic Monarchs, Exotic and Enslaved

Laura J. Rosenthal

in Ways of the World: Theater and Cosmopolitanism in the Restoration and Beyond

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501751585
eISBN:
9781501751608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501751585.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter looks at William Congreve's enormously popular but now unfamiliar play The Mourning Bride (1697) alongside Aphra Behn's play about an Indian queen, The Widow Ranter, and her heroic ... More


Port Royal

Christine Walker

in Jamaica Ladies: Female Slaveholders and the Creation of Britain's Atlantic Empire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469658797
eISBN:
9781469655284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469658797.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter One explores the gendered nature of the imperial policies that shaped early English settlement of Jamaica after the island’s seizure from Spain in 1655. Strategists in London and Jamaica ... More


Early Adopters: Women Investors in the Early Years of the Financial Revolution

Amy M. Froide

in Silent Partners: Women as Public Investors during Britain's Financial Revolution, 1690-1750

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198767985
eISBN:
9780191821837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767985.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter explores the women who were early adopters of the new financial investments brought about by England’s Financial Revolution. A survey is provided of female subscribers to the Bank of ... More


Friday as Fit Help

Mary Nyquist

in Milton in the Long Restoration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198769774
eISBN:
9780191822605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769774.003.0019
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Cultural status, periodization, and disciplinary boundaries have combined to prevent consideration of Defoe’s interest in Milton. Detailed narratological analysis shows how the famous scene where ... More


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