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Introduction

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a description of Jim Crow reformers. Jim Crow reformers, along with others, played a significant role in shaping the political, economic, and social context in ... More


Critical Models: Antigone, Rosa Parks and Claudette Colvin

Sina Kramer

in Excluded Within: The (Un)Intelligibility of Radical Political Actors

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190625986
eISBN:
9780190626006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190625986.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 6 treats the figures of Antigone, Rosa Parks, and Claudette Colvin as models for the contestation of constitutive exclusion. First, Antigone’s constitutive exclusion from Thebes excludes her ... More


“They are Willing to Walk”

Troy Jackson

in Becoming King: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Making of a National Leader

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125206
eISBN:
9780813135045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125206.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter concerns the first two months of the bus boycott, fuelled by Rosa Parks' arrest for refusing to move from a seat in the first row of a bus to accommodate a boarding white passenger. It ... More


“Making a Contribution”

Troy Jackson

in Becoming King: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Making of a National Leader

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125206
eISBN:
9780813135045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125206.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reviews King's tenure in Montgomery prior to the bus boycott. It notes that King joined many in the city who, as Rosa Parks put it, were “hoping to make a contribution to the fulfillment ... More


“Only Tired I Was, Was Tired of Giving In”: Rosa Parks, Magical Negroes, and the Whitewashing of Black Struggle

David Ikard

in Lovable Racists, Magical Negroes, and White Messiahs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226492469
eISBN:
9780226492773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226492773.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

Focusing on Rosa Parks's attempt to set the record straight about her iconic act of civil disobedience on a Birmingham bus, this chapter engages how the magical negro trope operates to whitewash ... More


“One Shot”: Charles “Teenie” Harris and the Photographic Practice of Non-Iconicity

in Troubling Vision: Performance, Visuality, and Blackness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226253022
eISBN:
9780226253053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226253053.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter investigates the work and practice of black Pittsburgh photographer Charles “Teenie” Harris, whose work it addresses as an indexical practice that provides a counterpoint to the dominant ... More


Rosa Parks: August 21, 1956, Public School Integration Workshop, Monteagle, Tennessee

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

in Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913, Rosa Louise McCauley Parks is one of the iconic figures of the civil rights movement. Parks joined the NAACP in 1943, the year she was publicly ... More


Challenging Jim Crow: King’s Approach to Racial Discrimination

Bidyut Chakrabarty

in Confluence of Thought: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199951215
eISBN:
9780199346004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199951215.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

The chapter is about those political movements in which King had participated. Beginning with the 1955 Montgomery Bus Strike, the chapter makes a threadbare analysis of the series of non-violent ... More


Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Historians have long agreed that women—black and white—were instrumental in shaping the civil rights movement. Until recently, though, such claims have not been supported by easily accessed texts of ... More


December

Stewart Burns

in Daybreak of Freedom …: … The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807823606
eISBN:
9781469602387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882917_burns.11
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents historical documents from the Montgomery bus boycott. These include a letter from Rosa L. Parks, accepting a scholarship for the Desegregation Workshop to be held at Highlander ... More


Constitutive Exclusion

Sina Kramer

in Excluded Within: The (Un)Intelligibility of Radical Political Actors

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190625986
eISBN:
9780190626006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190625986.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

This chapter introduces “constitutive exclusion” and makes the case for it as a framework for understanding why some claims are unintelligible as political claims, and some actors unintelligible as ... More


Johnnie Carr: June 1957, Women’s Auxiliary Baptist State Convention of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

in Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born on January 26, 1911, Johnnie Rebecca Daniels Carr attended the Bredding School and Alice L. White’s Industrial School for Girls, both private, in Montgomery, Alabama. At Mrs. White’s school, ... More


An American Negro Gandhi?

Zoe A. Colley

in Ain't Scared of Your Jail: Arrest, Imprisonment, and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042411
eISBN:
9780813043050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042411.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 1 focuses on the efforts of the black community in Montgomery, Alabama, to desegregate the city's buses between 1955 and 1956. It explores the way in which city authorities attempted to ... More


Radicalism at the Crossroads: African American Women Activists in the Cold War

Dayo F. Gore

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732366
eISBN:
9780814733028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732366.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

With the exception of a few iconic moments such as Rosa Parks' 1955 refusal to move to the back of a Montgomery bus, we hear little about what black women activists did prior to 1960. Perhaps this ... More


Constance Baker Motley: August 9, 1965, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Birmingham, Alabama

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

in Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.003.0039
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born on September 14, 1921, in New Haven, Connecticut, Constance Baker Motley experienced discrimination at the age of fifteen when she was turned away from a public beach for her dark skin. In 1964 ... More


“Mother to Son”: The Rise, Removal, and Return of Hughes

W. Jason Miller

in Origins of the Dream: Hughes's Poetry and King's Rhetoric

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060446
eISBN:
9780813050713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060446.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter provides an overview to the entire book by tracing King’s engagements with Hughes’s poem “Mother to Son” during the years 1956–1967. In addition to quoting Hughes’s poem from memory, ... More


In Remembrance of Emmett Till

Darryl Mace

in In Remembrance of Emmett Till: Regional Stories and Media Responses to the Black Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813145365
eISBN:
9780813145488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145365.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 7 looks at what happened to the key actors in the Till trial, and this chapter analyzes the myriad of memorials that have sprung up to commemorate the life and death of Emmett Till. Key to ... More


Ike’s First Term

Simeon Booker

in Shocking the Conscience: A Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617037894
eISBN:
9781617037900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

During his eight years as president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower pursued initiatives that benefited African Americans, from the desegregation of the military and public schools to the ... More


They Had a Dream

Peter Charles Hoffer

in The Search for Justice: Lawyers in the Civil Rights Revolution, 1950-1975

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226614281
eISBN:
9780226614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226614458.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Federal judges facing the avalanche of civil rights cases came to a variety of decisions. Some pressed for immediate progress. Others were willing to countenance delay. The circuit courts of appeals ... More


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