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Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism

Paul Boghossian

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199287185
eISBN:
9780191713569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Relativist and constructivist conceptions of knowledge have become orthodoxy in vast stretches of the academic world in recent times. This book critically examines such views and argues that they are ... More


Components of a Critical Pluralism: Ethics and Processes

David Schlosberg

in Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism: The Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256419
eISBN:
9780191600203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256411.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The acceptance of multiplicity as the precondition of political action is central to the new generation of theorists and activists that the author designates as ‘critical pluralists’. In political ... More


The Myth of Adam and American Identity

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter looks at a pervasive American myth—that of the American Adam—which holds that America was originally an Eden, and Americans like Adam before the Fall: fresh, innocent, and ... More


Michael Sandel and Richard Rorty: Two Models of the Republic

Richard Sennett

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sandel earns his theory by history: the last two-thirds of Democracy’s Discontent, called “The Political Economy of Citizenship,” explores with great historical acumen just how liberalism and ... More


Reenchanting Confucius: A Western-Trained Philosopher Teaches the Analects

John J. Furlong

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

When teaching the Analects to Western students, it is imperative first to “defamiliarize” or “disenchant” students from their fetishized Confucian and ancient Chinese schemata by using materials from ... More


Decentering Music: A Critique of Contemporary Musical Research

Kevin Korsyn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195104547
eISBN:
9780199868988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104547.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This book examines the struggle for the authority to speak about music at a time when the humanities are in crisis. By linking the institutions that support musical research, including professional ... More


Cultural Complexity, Moral Interdependence, and the Global Dialogical Community

Seyla Benhabib

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Benhabib reconsiders aspects of the cultural relativism–universalism debate via sociological hypotheses regarding the reproduction and interdependence of cultures. After taking issue with relativist ... More


Purposes: The Place of Justificatory Comparative Political Theory

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explains further the idea of an overlapping consensus and the interest in arguing for one across multiple ethical traditions, showing that this interest is primarily derived from the ... More


A Concise Anatomy of Secularism: Examining Its Linkages to Liberal Democracy

Nader Hashemi

in Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy: Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195321241
eISBN:
9780199869831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321241.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores the relationship between political secularism and liberal democracy. The historical roots of secularism as a political concept are investigated. The various political models of ... More


Objectivity, Ontology

Robert Kraut

in Artworld Metaphysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228126
eISBN:
9780191711053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228126.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The ontology of art can be thought of in either of two ways: as providing an explanation of artworld institutional practices, or as providing a codified representation of the norms underlying such ... More


Relativizing the Facts

Paul A. Boghossian

in Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199287185
eISBN:
9780191713569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287185.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that the view that all facts are relative to our conceptual schemes is incoherent. It presents a novel argument for this claim.


Epistemic Relativism Defended

Paul A. Boghossian

in Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199287185
eISBN:
9780191713569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287185.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter gives a sympathetic account of how one might be drawn to a constructivist and hence relativist view of justification, according to which different communities might legitimately disagree ... More


Transcendental Arguments I

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by considering the aforementioned Stroudian critique of transcendental arguments. Some doubts are raised about whether Stroud has succeeded in giving a fully general argument ... More


Aberrations of the Realism Debate *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by arguing that contrary to received opinion, the issue of realism about the physical world has almost nothing to do with semantic issues about truth. It follows that it is an ... More


Truth-Making and World-Making

Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen

in Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236818
eISBN:
9780191679377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter gives a detailed appraisal of two accounts of truth — propounded by Rorty and Goodman — both of which seek to redraw the bounds of the fictional. The accounts can be taken as exemplary ... More


CLARIFICATIONS AND OBJECTIONS

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott responds to four main objections: (1) Rorty’s defense of Humean moral antirealism, the view that the development of human rights norms is a progress of sentiment, not reason; ... More


The Death of Philosophy: Reference and Self-reference in Contemporary Thought

Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147781
eISBN:
9780231519632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147781.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Philosophers debate the death of philosophy as much as they debate the death of God. Immanuel Kant claimed responsibility for both philosophy’s beginning and end, while Martin Heidegger argued it ... More


Postmodernism and Pluralism

Alvin Plantinga

in Warranted Christian Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131932
eISBN:
9780199867486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131932.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Continuing an examination of proposed defeaters for Christian belief, I turn in this chapter to postmodernism and religious pluralism. Some of the claims that can be plausibly labeled “postmodern” ... More


A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Bruce Kuklick

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

I have been selective in my emphases rather than encyclopaedic and exhaustive. In focusing on American philosophy, the book makes implicit claims about thought and life related to a peculiar western ... More


Trust and Disagreement

Richard Messer

in Does God’s Existence Need Proof?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269717
eISBN:
9780191683763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269717.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter evaluates the relevance of the fact of relativity and the authority of criteria to the issue of proving God's existence. It considers the merits and demerits of philosophers Richard ... More


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