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The Silk Road between Syria and China

David F. Graf

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the archaeological and written evidence for the so-called Silk Roads and the development of trade along them between the second century BC and the ... More


Introduction: Trade, Commerce, and the State

Andrew Wilson and Alan Bowman

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The introduction sets the contributions of this volume within the context of scholarly debate over the scale, nature, and importance of Roman trade since the mid-twentieth century, and highlights the ... More


Eastern Mediterranean Overseas Exchanges

Rajan Gurukkal

in Rethinking Classical Indo-Roman Trade: Political Economy of Eastern Mediterranean Exchange Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460854
eISBN:
9780199086382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460854.003.0003
Subject:
History, Economic History

A discussion of antecedents, growth, and nature of eastern Mediterranean exchange relations with the coasts of the Indian subcontinent is the theme of this chapter. An overview of the land and sea ... More


Trade across Rome’s Southern Frontier: The Sahara and the Garamantes

Andrew Wilson

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores the interplay between political and military events and the evolution of trade between the Sahara and Roman territory in North Africa. It reassesses the chronology of Roman ... More


Law, Commerce, and Finance in the Roman Empire

Boudewijn Sirks

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the legal aspects of commercial transactions in the Roman Empire. While there was no specific body of Roman commercial law, a group of legal figures, accessible for and ... More


Money and Flows of Coinage in the Red Sea Trade

Dario Nappo

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the financial scale of Indo-Roman trade via the Red Sea, comparing the large sums mentioned by Pliny with the evidence of customs dues, ostraca from the Red Sea port of ... More


Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Andrew Wilson and Alan Bowman (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This interdisciplinary volume presents nineteen chapters by Roman historians and archaeologists, discussing trade in the Roman Empire in the period c.100 BC to AD 350, and in particular the role of ... More


Egypt and Eastern Commerce during the Second Century AD and Later

Roberta Tomber

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter looks at the archaeological evidence from several regions for the continuation of Indo-Roman trade during the second century ad. The emphasis here is on the Egyptian evidence, but this ... More


The Romans and Trade

André Tchernia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198723714
eISBN:
9780191829376
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723714.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In this book André Tchernia brings together previously published work, updates and revises it in the light of new material, and prefaces it with an entirely new synthesis of views on Roman commerce, ... More


Rethinking Classical Indo-Roman Trade: Political Economy of Eastern Mediterranean Exchange Relations

Rajan Gurukkal

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460854
eISBN:
9780199086382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460854.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

The book is a critical rethinking of the nature of the classical eastern Mediterranean exchange relations with the coasts of the Indian subcontinent. It examines in the light of the extant source ... More


The State and the Economy: Fiscality and Taxation

Alan Bowman

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The main fiscal instruments the Roman government could use to affect economic behaviour and performance were currency, taxation, and regulation of markets. This chapter is primarily concerned with ... More


Stone Use and the Economy: Demand, Distribution, and the State

Ben Russell

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter concentrates on the non-imperial demand for stone in the Roman world, to provide some context for understanding the imperially orchestrated stone trade. Two related trends underpin the ... More


Winds and Coins: Trade between the Roman Empire and India

André Tchernia

in The Romans and Trade

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198723714
eISBN:
9780191829376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723714.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter contains an in-depth investigation of Indo-Roman trade. The pseudo-discovery of the monsoon is a significant element in discussions on trade relations between the Greco-Roman world and ... More


Conflicts, Contract Enforcement, and Business Communities in the Archive of the Sulpicii

Wim Broekaert

in The Economy of Pompeii

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198786573
eISBN:
9780191828898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786573.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The archive of the Sulpicii plays a central role in this chapter by Wim Broekaert, which focuses on the social institutions and juridical frameworks surrounding long-distance trade in the port of ... More


Nile River Transport under the Romans

Colin Adams

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the organization of river transport in Roman Egypt (30 BC—AD 284). Egypt provided a significant proportion of grain to the city of Rome; thus the collection of tax grain and ... More


The Indispensable Commodity: Notes on the Economy of Wood in the Roman Mediterranean

William V. Harris

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

A model for the timber trade in the Roman Empire must distinguish between fuel wood (often in the form of charcoal) and timber used for building and making things. It must also cohere with whatever ... More


The Supply Networks of the Roman East and West: Interaction, Fragmentation, and the Origins of the Byzantine Economy

Paul Reynolds

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides a synthesis, on a scale that has not been attempted before, across both the eastern and western Mediterranean, of the picture provided by ceramic data, using amphorae, ... More


The Distribution of African Pottery under the Roman Empire: Evidence versus Interpretation

Michel Bonifay

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter addresses four points in an attempt to explain why African pottery (amphorae, tablewares, cooking wares, and lamps) dominated Mediterranean markets from the second century AD onwards: ... More


The Port of Qanaʾ, a Junction between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea

Barbara Davidde

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

South Arabian kingdoms based their wealth and power on agriculture and the export of incense and other aromatics so much appreciated in the ancient world. After Aelius Gallus’ campaign against Arabia ... More


Financial Institutions and Structures in the Last Century of the Roman Republic

Philip Kay

in Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198790662
eISBN:
9780191833175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790662.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines Rome’s changing financial structure between the second and first centuries BC, arguing that early Roman financial intermediaries provided a mechanism for the creation of money ... More


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