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The Roman Republic: From Monarchy to Julius Caesar

Israel Shatzman

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the second chapter, Israel Shatzman examines grand strategy and military strategy during the period of the Roman Republic. Rome defeated Carthage in two great wars (264–241 and 218–201), crushed ... More


Rousseau’s Repudiation of Machiavelli’s Democratic Roman Republic

John P. McCormick

in Reading Machiavelli

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691183503
eISBN:
9780691187914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183503.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter contends that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's analysis and appropriation of the Roman Republic deliberately undermines Machiavelli's efforts to reconstruct and promote institutions that both ... More


Roman History and the Ideological Vacuum

T. P. Wiseman

in Remembering the Roman People: Essays on Late-Republican Politics and Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239764
eISBN:
9780191716836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239764.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In the Roman republic, only the People could make laws and elect politicians to office; the word respublica means ‘The People's business’. So why is it always assumed that the republic was an ... More


“Keep the Public Rich and the Citizens Poor”: Economic Inequality and Political Corruption in the Discourses

John P. McCormick

in Reading Machiavelli

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691183503
eISBN:
9780691187914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183503.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter indicates how, when one realizes that Machiavelli presents the Gracchi's career in the Discourses in such a way that he may be read as both endorsing and criticizing the ill-fated Roman ... More


Elephants and Citizens

Andrew Bell

in Spectacular Power in the Greek and Roman City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199242344
eISBN:
9780191714092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242344.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter considers the importation of megalomaniacal majesty into the Roman Republic. Over time, kingly conceit became more conspicuous in Rome, and particularly at times of communal festivity. ... More


From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Edward Bispham

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Rome's once independent Italian allies became communities of a new Roman territorial state after the Social War of 91-87 bc. This book examines how the transition from independence to subordination ... More


States of Siege (1849)

Charles Capper

in Margaret Fuller: An American Romantic Life Volume II: The Public Years

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396324
eISBN:
9780199852703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396324.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Margaret Fuller’s experiences in Italy as foreign correspondent of the New York Tribune covering the local political situation related to the revolution. It suggests that Fuller ... More


Wheat Prices and Trade in the Early Roman Empire

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses how there is little of what economists call data on markets in Roman times, despite lots of information about prices and transactions. Data, as economists consider it, consist ... More


Remembering the Roman People: Essays on Late-Republican Politics and Literature

T. P. Wiseman

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239764
eISBN:
9780191716836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239764.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book consists of ten linked studies of the political culture of the late Roman republic, all based on the premise that most recent scholarship has been over-influenced by the ideology of the ... More


Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome (to 367 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter reveals that the origins of Roman military command do not lie in the traditional account of a joint consulship that was established at the foundation of the republic. Rather, two ... More


The Beginning of the Roman Republic

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome: From Prehistory to the First Punic War

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520226517
eISBN:
9780520940291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter provides a discussion on the beginning of the Roman Republic. It is shown that the Roman chronology is basically accurate for the beginning of the republic and the Gallic occupation of ... More


A Liberal Pope, 1846–1848

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The election of Pius IX in 1846 aroused great enthusiasm among liberals and nationalists in Italy, and the evidence indicates that for the first two years of his papacy, until the Roman Revolution of ... More


Public Land in the Roman Republic: A Social and Economic History of Ager Publicus in Italy, 396-89 BC

Saskia T. Roselaar

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577231
eISBN:
9780191723414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577231.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book discusses the history of Roman state‐owned land from the early expansion of Rome into Italy to the Social War. Rome usually took land from its defeated enemies, which it then declared to be ... More


The Life of Roman Republicanism

Joy Connolly

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162591
eISBN:
9781400852475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162591.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

In recent years, Roman political thought has attracted increased attention as intellectual historians and political theorists have explored the influence of the Roman republic on major thinkers from ... More


Ancient Supplication

F. S. Naiden

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183412
eISBN:
9780199789399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183412.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This is the first book-length treatment of supplication, an important social practice in ancient Mediterranean civilizations. Despite the importance of supplication, it has received little attention, ... More


From Urbis to Imperium

Stuart Elden

in The Birth of Territory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226202563
eISBN:
9780226041285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226041285.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter discusses Ancient Rome. It provides detailed readings of the writings of Julius Caesar and Cicero; the former treating the question of terrain and the military-geography terms he uses, ... More


‘In Part a Roman Sea’: Rome and the Adriatic in the Third Century bc

Nikola Čašule

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyses the evidence for Roman integration in networks of trade and communication in the Adriatic Sea during the third century bc, and its impact upon modern interpretations of the ... More


“I brought peace to the provinces”: Augustus and the Rhetoric of Imperial Peace

Christopher J. Fuhrmann

in Policing the Roman Empire: Soldiers, Administration, and Public Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737840
eISBN:
9780199928576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737840.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The rhetoric of security and stability was powerful among all levels of imperial society, focusing particularly on the emperor as a symbol of peace and order. This symbolism was crafted during the ... More


Cola and the World

Ronald G. Musto

in Apocalypse in Rome: Cola di Rienzo and the Politics of the New Age

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233966
eISBN:
9780520928725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233966.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Cola di Rienzo envisioned a clear and consistent foreign policy and diplomacy in order to manifest the deeply apocalyptic underpinnings and goals of his stato, to spell out the practical results of ... More


A Written Republic: Cicero's Philosophical Politics

Yelena Baraz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153322
eISBN:
9781400842162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153322.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In the 40s BCE, during his forced retirement from politics under Julius Caesar’s dictatorship, Cicero turned to philosophy, producing a massive and important body of work. As he was acutely aware, ... More


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