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Foreign Cults in Rome: Creating a Roman Empire

Eric Orlin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731558
eISBN:
9780199866342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731558.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This study of the Roman reaction to foreign cults explores how religion contributed to the Romans’ need to reshape their community and their sense of what it meant to be Roman in the wake of Roman ... More


Why were the Early Christians Persecuted? * 1

G. E. M. De Ste. Croix

in Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278121
eISBN:
9780191707872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278121.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter reprints Ste. Croix's 1963 Past and Present investigation of why Christians were persecuted in the first three centuries, together with a brief response in 1964 to criticisms by A.N. ... More


Flavian Religious Policy and the Destruction of the Jerusalem Temple

James Rives

in Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262120
eISBN:
9780191718533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262120.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, looking at it from the point of view of Flavian religious policies. Vespasian and Titus were fully aware of the ramifications of ... More


Roman Religion

Clifford Ando

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748615650
eISBN:
9780748650989
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615650.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book introduces students to the complex and foreign world of Roman religion, and to major trends in its study. Praised in the Enlightenment for its supposed tolerance, Roman religion has been ... More


Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

John Davies and John Wilkes (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This volume publishes all but three of the plenary lectures that were delivered during the XIIIth International Congress of Greek and Roman Epigraphy, held at Oxford in September 2007. Its format ... More


Epigraphy and Ritual: The Vow of a Legionary from Sulmo

John Scheid

in Historical and Religious Memory in the Ancient World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199572069
eISBN:
9780191738739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572069.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

A graffito discovered in the temple of Hercules Curinus at Sulmo allows us to explore the ritual logic of the Roman vow, undoubtedly one of the most characteristic rites in Roman religion, with its ... More


Greek, Roman, and Jewish Succor for the Dead

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter one sets up the cultural context for the study of early Christian texts by examining traditions in which the living helped the dead in Greek religion, Roman religion, and ancient Judaism. The ... More


Gallo‐Roman Prelude

J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269069
eISBN:
9780191600777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269064.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Looks at the Gallo–Roman religious experience as a heritage for the Frankish (Germanic) Church. In the 5th century, the Gallo–Roman churches (rather than a Church) were separate Christian communities ... More


Archaic Roman Religion

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome: From Prehistory to the First Punic War

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520226517
eISBN:
9780520940291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter discusses early Roman religion. Rome's religious history can serve as a useful model in suggesting how Rome's cultural development occurred within a larger Italian context. Some ... More


Sexing the World: Grammatical Gender and Biological Sex in Ancient Rome

Anthony Corbeill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163222
eISBN:
9781400852468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163222.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

From the moment a child in ancient Rome began to speak Latin, the surrounding world became populated with objects possessing grammatical gender—masculine eyes (oculi), feminine trees (arbores), ... More


The Frankish Church

J. M. Wallace-Hadrill

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269069
eISBN:
9780191600777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269064.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This book, the first of its kind in English, surveys the development of the Frankish Church under the Merovingian and Carolingian kings (c.500–900 a.d.), and the special difficulties that it ... More


Religion, Law, and Knowledge in Classical Rome

Clifford Ando

in The Matter of the Gods: Religion and the Roman Empire

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250833
eISBN:
9780520933651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250833.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The book concentrates on one specific aspect of the field of inquiry, namely the epistemological basis of Roman religion. This basis by its very nature conditions the manner in which Roman religion ... More


Rome, Pessinous, and Battakes: Religious Encounters with the East

Hugh Bowden

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the visit of Battakes, priest of the Mother of the Gods at Pessinous, to Rome in 102 bc. It argues that the cult of Magna Mater in Rome had originally been imported from ... More


Lar(es)/Genius and Juno/Snake(s)

Harriet I. Flower

in The Dancing Lares and the Serpent in the Garden: Religion at the Roman Street Corner

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175003
eISBN:
9781400888016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175003.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter is organized into nine interrelated sections. Since the evidence about the lares is so fragmented and disparate, each ancient text or image is examined in its own right. It clears the ... More


Continuity in Change

Guy Maclean Rogers

in The Mysteries of Artemis of Ephesos

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300178630
eISBN:
9780300182705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178630.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explains the mysteries of Artemis, whicxh include the formal, logical relationship between ancient votive religion and mystery cults, as well as some of the less widely appreciated ... More


Elite-Instrumentalism: Persistence and Paradox

Craige B. Champion

in The Peace of the Gods: Elite Religious Practices in the Middle Roman Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174853
eISBN:
9781400885152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174853.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses the origins of elite-instrumentalist interpretations of Roman religion by Greek and Roman writers, and how it persists in recent scholarship. It uses a particular “time map,” ... More


Gallo-Roman Culture

Bernhard Maier

in The Celts: A History from Earliest Times to the Present

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748616053
eISBN:
9780748672219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616053.003.0009
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Just as the Galatians of Asia Minor clung to much of their cultural identity after the establishment of the Roman province of Galatia, the Celtic tribes of Gaul preserved many features of their ... More


Roman Polytheism: The Religion of Expediency

Jon Stewart

in Hegel's Interpretation of the Religions of the World: The Logic of the Gods

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198829492
eISBN:
9780191868030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829492.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Hegel notes that it has been traditional to treat Greek and Roman religion together since there seems to be a general correspondence among their divinities. But in fact, he claims, they represent two ... More


The Theology of Animal Sacrifice in the Ancient Greek World: Origins and Developments

James B. Rives

in Ancient Mediterranean Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738960
eISBN:
9780199918676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738960.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

James Rives addresses the monolithic theological role attributed to animal sacrifice in modern accounts of ancient Greek religion. Emphasizing the importance of a careful chronological perspective, ... More


Introduction

Jörg Rüpke

in On Roman Religion: Lived Religion and the Individual in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704703
eISBN:
9781501706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704703.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This introductory chapter provides an overview of lived religion. Lived religiosity or “lived religion” is a concept helpful for further developing the notion of individual appropriation and ... More


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