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Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


“Classical” versus “Ancient” in the Near Eastern Canon: The Position of Graeco-Roman Art from the Levant, c. 330BCE–636CE

Elise A. Friedland

in Testing the Canon of Ancient Near Eastern Art and Archaeology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190673161
eISBN:
9780190673192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673161.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, History of Art: pre-history, BCE to 500CE, ancient and classical, Byzantine

Despite art historians’ inclination to expand the narrative of the Near East into the Graeco-Roman period, there is no published survey of the art and archaeology of the classical Near East. ... More


A Greek Christian World?

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The great temple of Artemis at Gerasa (Jerash) in Jordan is one of the finest expressions of Greco-Roman culture in the Near East. Built in the second century, it includes a church that was erected ... More


The Cultural Horizons of the Patriarchate in the Early Third Century

Amram Tropper

in Wisdom, Politics, and Historiography: Tractate Avot in the Context of the Graeco-Roman Near East

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199267125
eISBN:
9780191699184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267125.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter analyzes the cultural horizons of the editor's world. It explores the horizons of the patriarch in the early third century in order to illustrate the degree to which he would have been ... More


Jews and Samaritans in a Greek Christian World

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on the presence of large settled populations of Jews and Samaritans, both urban and rural, in Palestine in the first to fourth centuries, and how Jewish identity and belief was ... More


Ethnic Identity in the Roman Near East, a.d. 325–450: Language, Religion, and Culture*

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.21
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter explores aspects of ethnicity, religion, and language in the Roman Near East through Greek and Latin literary works and inscriptions. It considers the period from Constantine's ... More


Latin in the Epigraphy of the Roman Near East *

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.15
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter studies the role of Latin in epigraphic texts of the Roman Near East. Focusing on the epigraphic record of Palmyra, it considers three aspects that illustrate the complexity of the role ... More


Epilogue Connecting to Muhammad?

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This epilogue examines various strands of social history, religious affiliation and language in the Roman Near East in relation to the beginning of Muhammad's preaching in about 610. Muhammad was ... More


Caravan Cities: The Roman Near East and Long-Distance Trade by Land*

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.17
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter follows the possibility of long-distance overland trade with central Asia of Roman Near East's caravan cities: Petra, Gerasa, Palmyra, and Dura-Europos. It draws on the Greek text ... More


Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Fergus Millar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This book explores the way in which different ethnic, religious and linguistic communities co-existed and conflicted in the Roman Near East in the three centuries between the conversion of the ... More


Excavating the Bible

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the pronounced variations in the expression of biblical monotheism found in commentaries written in the Roman Near East during the fourth and fifth centuries. In particular, it ... More


An Evolving Information Landscape (7th–15th Centuries)

Daniel G. König

in Arabic-Islamic Views of the Latin West: Tracing the Emergence of Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198737193
eISBN:
9780191800689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737193.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 2 features an overview of relations between the Latin-Christian and the Arabic-Islamic sphere. Its purpose is to show how much information on medieval Western Europe was potentially available ... More


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