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Edward Gibbon and Francis Haverfield: The Traditions of Imperial Decline

Adam Rogers and Richard Hingley

in Classics and Imperialism in the British Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199584727
eISBN:
9780191595301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584727.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the intellectual context of Edward Gibbon's monumental and highly influential work The decline and fall of the Roman Empire (1776–88) and its role in the complex history and ... More


Britain, 350–550

T. M. Charles-Edwards

in Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198217312
eISBN:
9780191744778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

A narrative is provided stretching from the period immediately before the great attacks on Britain in the 360s up to the great Justinianic plague of the 540s. This is the period which saw the end of ... More


Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198217312
eISBN:
9780191744778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This is a history of the Welsh in the centuries in which Wales acquired the shape it was to retain until the present day. In 350 what is now Wales was just one part of Roman Britain: contemporaries ... More


Rome and the Britons, 400–664

T. M. Charles-Edwards

in Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198217312
eISBN:
9780191744778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In 400 Britain remained part of the Roman Empire and enjoyed the material benefits that came with an extensive market for goods borne by long‐distance trade. In the fifth century it suffered a ... More


Wooden Stilus Tablets from Roman Britain

Alan K. Bowman and Roger S. O. Tomlin

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

The imaging of ancient document papers presents several challenges, the nature of which is determined by the character of the text, the material on which it is written and the state of preservation. ... More


The Later Roman Iron Age and the Origins of the Picts

James E. Fraser

in From Caledonia to Pictland Scotland to 795

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748612314
eISBN:
9780748672158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612314.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

By the beginning of the fourth century, the Severan settlement in northern Britain was in tatters, and in the middle third of the century Roman Britain was probably mortally wounded. In the sole ... More


Roman Britain: The Myth of the Civilizing Empire

Timothy H. Parsons

in The Rule of Empires: Those Who Built Them, Those Who Endured Them, and Why They Always Fall

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199931156
eISBN:
9780190254698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199931156.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the empire of Roman Britain. It explains that Roman Britain began with Emperor Claudius' state-sponsored invasion to restore the exiled king and Roman client ... More


‘Provincial Law’ in Britannia

Paul du Plessis (ed.)

in Law in the Roman Provinces

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198844082
eISBN:
9780191879739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844082.003.0021
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

‘In contrast to the Hellenized provinces of the East, the Western provinces—and especially those within the Libyan, Iberian, Celtic and Germanic linguistic zones—seem to present a relatively “barren” ... More


Roman Britain’s Boom Years, AD 61–161

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes Roman Britain from AD 61–161. The period was one of the most remarkable in Roman Britain's history. Rebellion ceased shortly after the start of this period in most of what we ... More


The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Guy de la Bedoyere

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The Britain of the Roman Occupation is, in a way, an age that is dark to us. While the main events from 55 BC to AD 410 are little disputed, and the archaeological remains of villas, forts, walls, ... More


‘Tumult among the Nations’ (Psalm 2:1): The Development of Sub-Roman Kingdoms

Gilbert Márkus

in Conceiving a Nation: Scotland to 900 AD

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748678983
eISBN:
9781474435208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678983.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Following the collapse of Roman imperial rule in Britain, a considerable amount of romanitas remained in the local communities: there was some Latin writing and a degree of spoken Latin in some parts ... More


Life on the Frontier

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the Roman invasion of northern Britain. The most protracted campaigns took place in the late 70s and early 80s when governor Gnaeus Julius Agricola embarked on a war to conquer ... More


Death, Disruption and Decline in the Third Century

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the Severan war of northern conquest in 208. Septimius Severus took total control of the Empire in 197 after defeating Clodius Albinus. Utterly ruthless and determined to ... More


Quislings and Rebels, AD 41–61

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes notable individuals and events during the first few years of the Roman invasion of Britain. These include Caratacus, one of the sons of Cunobelinus, the king of the ... More


Gods and Goddesses

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the worship of gods and goddesses in Roman Britain. The late second and early third centuries in Britain provide the greatest body of evidence for real lives in Roman Britain ... More


Roman Britain’s High Summer, AD 307–410

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes Roman Britain in the fourth century. Topics covered include how Britons continued to be viewed by some members of the Roman Empire as belonging to the bottom of the ladder; the ... More


Cold Contact: The Coming Of Caesar, 55 BC–AD 41

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the Britain that was invaded by Julius Caesar. Britain was home to a complex tribal culture that had developed over millennia. Like most human societies, pressure on land and ... More


Old Buildings, Building Material, and the Death of Recycling in Post-Roman Britain

Robin Fleming

in Recycling and Reuse in the Roman Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198860846
eISBN:
9780191892912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860846.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter sketches out two long-standing and ubiquitous material practices in Roman Britain: the reuse and refurbishment of old masonry buildings, walls, and foundations; and the repurposing of ... More


Greece, Rome, and the Modern British Nation

Kate Nichols

in Greece and Rome at the Crystal Palace: Classical Sculpture and Modern Britain, 1854-1936

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199596461
eISBN:
9780191795770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596461.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 6 examines what the presentation and responses to classical civilizations at the Crystal Palace might reveal about Britain’s perceived national and international status. It discusses how ... More


Looking Back on the World of Giants, AD 410 and After

Guy de la Bédoyère

in The Real Lives of Roman Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300207194
eISBN:
9780300214031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207194.003.0008
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes Roman Britain from AD 410 onwards. The early fifth century was a very strange time for people in Roman Britain. While some of the institutional and physical paraphernalia of ... More


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