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Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This work addresses the following question: What would be the consequence of allowing a representative of ancient Pyrrhonian scepticism to become a party to contemporary debates in theory of ... More


Introduction

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book provides a connected account of the various kinds of mereology, or formal theory of part, whole, and related concepts, which exist in the literature. It also exposes the philosophical ... More


Temporary Parts and Intermittent Existence

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

There are a number of mereological issues which are relevant to the ontology of continuants. First, there is simply the question as to what happens when we attempt to extend the notions developed in ... More


Concluding Remarks

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book has shown that mereology was dominated by a single theory: classical extensional mereology (CEM), present in two logical guises — the Calculus of Individuals and Mereology — each in a ... More


Essential Parts

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Since the rapid development of modern modal logic, there has been nothing to stop anyone interested from developing a modal extension of the calculus of individuals or mereology. But in fact, those ... More


The Self as Simple: The Second Paralogism

C. Thomas Powell

in Kant's Theory of Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244486
eISBN:
9780191680779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244486.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the Second Paralogism, Immanuel Kant considers the rational psychologist's claim that the soul is simple, a claim which he says is bolstered by an argument which is ‘the Achilles of all ... More


First Things First

Earl Conee

in Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have thought that there are insuperable limits to rationally opposing skepticism, to pursuing epistemological investigations without substantial presuppositions, or to explaining ... More


Organic Unities, Summation, and the Problem of Evil

Noah Lemos

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 9

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845492
eISBN:
9780191880698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845492.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Many attempts to respond to the problem of evil appeal to the concept of an organic unity. The first part of Chapter 8 explains Roderick Chisholm’s views on organic unities, the concept of defeat, ... More


Teaching Evil

Meghan Sullivan

in Christian Philosophy: Conceptions, Continuations, and Challenges

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834106
eISBN:
9780191872297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834106.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In this chapter, Meghan Sullivan reflects on difficulties we face in teaching the problem of evil. She describes two approaches to the epistemology of theism—one which insists that answers to ... More


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