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Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A collection about the intentionality of speech acts and propositional attitudes. The chapters in the first section develop a framework for pragmatics—the study of the interaction of speech acts and ... More


Conversational Score, Assertion, and Testimony *

Max Kölbel

in Assertion: New Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199573004
eISBN:
9780191595127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573004.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter first examines Stalnaker's and Lewis's notions of conversational score and offer a simplified notion that takes its inspiration in Stalnaker's earlier work on presupposition. The chapter ... More


Meaning, Modality, and Possible Worlds Semantics

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Kripke-style possible worlds semantics. It considers one of the most important applications of possible worlds semantics, the account of counterfactual ... More


Alternative updating schemes

Michael G. Titelbaum

in Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658305
eISBN:
9780191748134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658305.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter compares the Certainty-Loss Framework (CLF) developed over previous chapters to various other Bayesian schemes for updating self-locating degrees of belief. In particular, it considers ... More


Qualitative Inaccuracy and Recent Objections to Conceivability Arguments

Derk Pereboom

in Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764037
eISBN:
9780199895243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 contends that evaluation of a number of criticisms of conceivability arguments against physicalism highlights the advantages of the challenge to arguments of this kind based on the ... More


Scorekeeping in a Language Game

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Sparked by the work of Robert Stalnaker, this paper integrates some of Lewis's views in formal semantics and formal pragmatics. Drawing an analogy with the practice of scorekeeping in baseball, Lewis ... More


Knowledge and Presuppositions

Michael Blome-Tillmann

in Knowledge and Presuppositions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199686087
eISBN:
9780191766046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686087.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the author’s account of the semantics of ‘knowledge’ attributions: Presuppositional Epistemic Contextualism (PEC), according to which the content of ‘knows’ in a context C is ... More


Context, Conditionals, Fatalism, Time Travel, and Freedom

John W. Carroll

in Time and Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014090
eISBN:
9780262265799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014090.003.0053
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter illustrates a theory that describes how certain modal statements, including counterfactual sentences, are dependent on context. Building on the work of Robert Stalnaker and David Lewis, ... More


Apriority, Aposteriority, and Actuality

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The conception of logical truth as truth in all models is attributed to Tarski, while the conception of analytic truth as one that can be reduced to logical truths is mainly attributed to Frege. We ... More


Tempered Pragmatism

Ian Rumfitt

in The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter assesses the prospects of a pragmatist theory of content. It begins by criticizing the theory presented in D. H. Mellor’s essay ‘Successful Semantics’, then identifies problems and ... More


De Se Communication: Centered or Uncentered?

Peter Pagin

in About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198713265
eISBN:
9780191781711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713265.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It was pointed out, first by Robert Stalnaker, then also by Andy Egan, that David Lewis’s model of centered-worlds contents has undesired consequences for communication of de se contents. The recent ... More


Introduction Mental States and their Ascription

Mark Richard

in Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199557950
eISBN:
9780191747267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557950.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter begins with a critical discussion of Frege and Russell’s views of the nature of belief and its relation to mental representation. An account of attitudes and their ascription is outlined, ... More


Possibility

Agustín Rayo

in The Construction of Logical Space

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199662623
eISBN:
9780191755392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662623.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter defends an account of metaphysical possibility which is based on the idea that there is a close connection between metaphysical possibility and the ‘just is’-operator. The discussion ... More


Epistemic Reasons as Right-Kind Reasons

Mark Schroeder

in Reasons First

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198868224
eISBN:
9780191904745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198868224.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 7 takes up the question of how we can determine whether some putative reasons for or against belief count as epistemic or not. It is argued that this is a special case of a much broader ... More


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