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‘Nature is a Blind Dirty Old Toad’: The Withdrawal Method

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that the evidence for the early use of withdrawal is minimal. The argument that withdrawal (coitus interruptus) and abortion provided an effective means of birth control in the ... More


Economy

Michael J. Lewis

in City of Refuge: Separatists and Utopian Town Planning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171814
eISBN:
9781400884315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171814.003.0007
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter describes Robert Owen (1771–1858), a Welsh industrialist and social reformer, and Johann Georg Rapp's equal as a utopian visionary. In the summer of 1824, Rapp bought three thousand ... More


The Freedmen’s Bureau Exception: The Triumph of Due (Adversarial) Process and the Dawn of Jim Crow

Amalia D. Kessler

in Inventing American Exceptionalism: The Origins of American Adversarial Legal Culture, 1800-1877

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300198072
eISBN:
9780300224849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198072.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Chapter 6 examines the Freedmen’s Bureau courts as an exception to the otherwise prevailing failure of conciliation courts to take root in American soil. Created to integrate the newly freed ... More


The New Moral World

Bonnie S. Anderson

in The Rabbi's Atheist Daughter: Ernestine Rose, International Feminist Pioneer

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199756247
eISBN:
9780190626402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756247.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 2 surveys her life in London from 1831 to 1836, where she taught German and Hebrew and sold a room deodorizer she invented. Becoming a follower of Robert Owen, the famous ... More


Visionary Religion and Radicalism in Early Industrial England: From Southcott to Socialism

Philip Lockley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199663873
eISBN:
9780191744792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663873.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

The millenarian movement founded by Joanna Southcott (1750-1814), enjoyed a complex relationship with political radicalism in early nineteenth-century England. Southcott opposed radicalism during her ... More


The Grand National Consolidated Trades’ Union, 1833–1834: class and conflict in the early British labour movement

Ophélie Siméon

in Labour united and divided from the 1830s to the present

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526126320
eISBN:
9781526138798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126320.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter re-examines the GNCTU’s emergence, workings and historical significance through a look at its divisions. As barometers of social relations, they reveal the nature, structure and purposes ... More


The Genius in Politics

Alan Bullock and F. W. D. Deakin

in France 1848–1945

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221043
eISBN:
9780191678400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221043.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The utopians were historically important because they introduced the genius into politics. The utopians, more generally, effected the democratisation of genius. Though Saint-Simon stressed economics, ... More


Narrative of Practical Experiments

Crispin Sartwell

in The Practical Anarchist: Writings of Josiah Warren

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233700
eISBN:
9780823241828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233700.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter combines writings from different parts of Warren's career, describing in detail Warren's community-building and economic experiments, including the Time Store in Cincinnati; Utopia, ... More


Locating Nowhere

Michael Robertson

in The Last Utopians: Four Late Nineteenth-Century Visionaries and Their Legacy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154169
eISBN:
9781400889600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154169.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the proliferation of utopian literature in the United States and Great Britain during the late nineteenth century, mainly due to the economic and social upheavals resulting from ... More


Socialism’s Wrong Responses to the Right Problems

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

in Wrong Turnings: How the Left Got Lost

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226505749
eISBN:
9780226505916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226505916.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines three early ‘utopian socialists,’ namely Claude-Henri de Saint-Simon, François Marie Charles Fourier and Robert Owen. Each attempted to justify their planned society on the ... More


Utopian Colonies: Doukhobors and Utopian Socialist Colonies

Barbara Arneil

in Domestic Colonies: The Turn Inward to Colony

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803423
eISBN:
9780191841606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803423.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter examines utopian colonies, beginning with an analysis of how they differ from labour and farm colonies. It could be argued that these colonies differ from the others because they are ... More


Conclusion: Purgatory, or the Social Republic

William Clare Roberts

in Marx's Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691180816
eISBN:
9781400883707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180816.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter concludes the book's argument by summarizing the themes from the earlier chapters into an account of the positive political theory of Capital and shows how Karl Marx appropriates Dante's ... More


Contemplation and Philanthropy: Coleridge, Owen, and the ‘Well-Being of Nations’

Kaz Oishi

in Coleridge and Contemplation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198799511
eISBN:
9780191839795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799511.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Chapter 8 assesses contemplation in Coleridge’s philanthropic thought in the 1810s. Even after his disillusionment with the French Revolution, Coleridge remained preoccupied with welfare issues such ... More


A Radical in New York City

Bonnie S. Anderson

in The Rabbi's Atheist Daughter: Ernestine Rose, International Feminist Pioneer

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199756247
eISBN:
9780190626402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756247.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 3 describes the Roses’ arrival in New York and how Ernestine rapidly began work for both feminism and free thought. In the winter of 1836/37, she carried a petition for married women’s ... More


Ernestine Rose's Jewish Origins and the Varieties of Euro-American Emancipation in 1848

Ellen Carol Dubois

in Women's Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300115932
eISBN:
9780300137866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300115932.003.0015
Subject:
History, Social History

In the United States, the term “emancipation” was largely identified with the radical antislavery movement. In Europe, it was associated with the Jews. Ernestine Rose, a prominent member of the first ... More


The Precariousness of Existence

Gareth Dale

in Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231176088
eISBN:
9780231541480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176088.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In which Polanyi contracts a terminal illness but continues to live an active life, finding inspiration in the Hungarian revolution of 1956, engaging in political conflict with Michael Polanyi, ... More


Socialism

Christopher Pierson

in Just Property: Volume Two: Enlightenment, Revolution, and History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199673292
eISBN:
9780191840067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673292.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

For those who came after it, what was most important about the French Revolution was that it embodied a willed change in the way we live and govern ourselves. But socialists, including but not ... More


‘The seal and servant of Christianity’: The Spiritualist Alternative

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers the emergence of the Spiritualist movement as an alternative defence of Christianity. The movement began in the United States and reached England in 1852. In its first two ... More


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