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The Causes of Sin and the Intelligibility Problem

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Anselm argues that not God, but the created agent is the ultimate originator of a creature's choice to sin or to hold fast to the good. But since there is no cause for sin beyond the choice of the ... More


 Libertarianism, Luck, and Control

Alfred R. Mele

in Free Will and Luck

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter critically examines recent work on free will and moral responsibility by Randolph Clarke, Robert Kane, and Timothy O’Connor, in an attempt to clarify issues about control and luck that ... More


The Problem of Diminished Control

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the charge that the indeterminism required by standard event-causal libertarian accounts would diminish the control that is exercised in acting. The objection has been advanced ... More


Problems for Libertarians

Alfred R. Mele

in Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Identifies the main problems facing libertarians – incompatibilists who believe that there are free, autonomous, morally responsible agents. The main problems revolve around luck and control. ... More


Event‐Causal Accounts and the Problem of Explanation

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins an examination of event-causal libertarian accounts, which require nondeterministic event causation. This type of view offers satisfactory causal accounts of acting for reasons ... More


Luck and Libertarianism

Neil Levy

in Hard Luck: How Luck Undermines Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199601387
eISBN:
9780191729256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601387.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter turns to an assessment of event-causal and agent-causal accounts of libertarian free will, in the light of the account of luck developed in Chapter 2. It shows that the standard luck ... More


Libertarian Free Will: Contemporary Debates

David Palmer (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199860081
eISBN:
9780190200008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

According to the libertarian position on free will and moral responsibility, people sometimes exercise free will and are morally responsible for what they do, but this freedom and responsibility is ... More


Empirical Constraints on the Problem of Free Will

Peter W. Ross

in Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162371
eISBN:
9780262281690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162371.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the role of empirical science in elucidating free will and argues that empirical research can address the dispute between libertarianism and the positions of hard determinism ... More


Putting Molinism in its Place

John Martin Fischer

in Molinism: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590629
eISBN:
9780191731280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590629.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There has been much discussion in recent years of aspects of Molinism. In particular, philosophers have given considerable attention to issues surrounding the conditionals involved in middle ... More


The Role and Location of Indeterminism

Christopher Evan Franklin

in A Minimal Libertarianism: Free Will and the Promise of Reduction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190682781
eISBN:
9780190682811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682781.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to incompatibilists, free will and moral accountability exist only in nondeterministic worlds. But which ones? Where exactly must indeterminism be located, and what role must it play to ... More


Anselmian Libertarianism: Background and Voluntates

Katherin A. Rogers

in Freedom and Self-Creation: Anselmian Libertarianism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198743972
eISBN:
9780191803963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743972.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

In order to allow for contrast with Anselm’s theory, this chapter begins by outlining the two main contemporary libertarian positions: event-causation as represented by Robert Kane and ... More


New Arguments in Debates on Libertarian Free Will: Responses to Contributors

Robert Kane

in Libertarian Free Will: Contemporary Debates

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199860081
eISBN:
9780190200008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860081.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter replies to the criticisms made in the previous chapters, developing his libertarianism and incompatibilism in new ways. The chapter discusses the criticisms of its view under three ... More


Reforming food production: agricultural science and education

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The immediate post-Famine period was marked by profound optimism about the potential of Irish agricultural development. For some improvers, agricultural practice offered a fertile ground upon which ... More


Free Will, Libertarianism, and Kane

David Palmer (ed.)

in Libertarian Free Will: Contemporary Debates

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199860081
eISBN:
9780190200008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860081.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between compatibilism and incompatibilism about free will and causal determinism. It then explains the libertarian view of free will and moral responsibility. The chapter ... More


Booking It beyond the Big House

Jean Trounstine

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0087
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Changing Lives Through Literature (CLTL), a program originally for male probationers, was the 1991 brainchild of Judge Robert Kane and University of Massachusetts Dartmouth professor Robert Waxler. ... More


Epistemic Problems for Other Accounts of Free Will

Scott Sehon

in Free Will and Action Explanation: A Non-Causal, Compatibilist Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198758495
eISBN:
9780191818394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758495.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter raises an epistemic problem for Kane’s event-causal libertarianism and Fischer and Ravizza’s semicompatibilism. On both views, we are responsible for our actions if certain conditions ... More


The chemistry of famine: nutritional discourse and dietary transformation

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores scientific interest in the Irish potato diet in pre-Famine Ireland and how scientific ideas were used in broader debates on Irish dietary conditions and national dietary reform. ... More


Sourcehood: Playing the Cards That Are Dealt You

John Martin Fischer

in Deep Control: Essays on Free Will and Value

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199742981
eISBN:
9780190267537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199742981.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the source of moral responsibility by examining specifically the notion of “ultimate control” or “self-creation”, which is in contrast with the assumption of causal ... More


Creative Authorship without Ultimate Responsibility

Bruce N. Waller

in Against Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016599
eISBN:
9780262298940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016599.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the repercussions of giving up the belief in moral responsibility and how this can negatively affect human life. Giving up the belief in moral responsibility entails also ... More


Agency

Lenn E. Goodman and D. Gregory Caramenico

in Coming to Mind: The Soul and Its Body

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226061061
eISBN:
9780226061238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226061238.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Our case for the soul stands or falls with human agency: Do we act, or are we only acted upon? William James, deeply troubled by epiphenomenalism, which made thought no more consequential to action ... More


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