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“I Resolved to Throw Aside All Manner of Hypotheses … and to Attend Wholly to What the Appearances Themselves Would Teach Me”

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Micrographia (1665) is not only Robert Hooke’s most famous work; it was a totemic project for the early Royal Society of London. Published when its author was not yet thirty years old, Micrographia ... More


Knives Out: Thinking On, With, Through, and Against Paper in the Mid–1660s

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses upon a single artifact: the paper model of Richard Towneley’s telescopic micrometer that Robert Hooke fashioned in the fall of 1667. Cut, pasted, patched and apparently wounded, ... More


Robert Hooke: “The Armed Eye”

in Fictions of the Cosmos: Science and Literature in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226011226
eISBN:
9780226011240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226011240.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines Robert Hooke's books Micrographia and An Attempt to Prove the Motion of the Earth. It explains that in Micrographia Hooke illustrated confidence of the Royal Society in the ... More


Cascade, Copper, Collection: Constellations of Images in 1670s Experimental Philosophy

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By necessity, the philosophy of experiment was to be a collaborative project. As Royal Society Fellows repeatedly emphasized, images were often much more useful for conveying information to fellow ... More


Collective Note-taking and Robert Hooke's Dynamic Archive

Richard Yeo

in Notebooks, English Virtuosi, and Early Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106564
eISBN:
9780226106731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226106731.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the challenge of collective note-taking in the service of collaborative projects, such as those of John Ray and Martin Lister on the description and classification of plants and ... More


Between Observation and Image: Representations of Insects inRobert Hooke’s Micrographia

Janice Neri

in The Insect and the Image: Visualizing Nature in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816667642
eISBN:
9781452946603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816667642.003.0004
Subject:
Art, Art History

Robert Hooke is an English scholar who published the historic book Micrographia, a compilation of illustrations of insects, plants, mechanical objects, and astronomical bodies that highlights his ... More


“Very Able, Very Sordid, Cynical, Wrong Headed and Whimsical”

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the book by placing Robert Hooke, Christopher Wren and their experimental colleagues amidst a recent, interdisciplinary conversation that has stressed the direct, strongly ... More


“The Wonderful Elaboratory of the Animal Body”: The Royal Society's Repository at Work

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Royal Society’s early museum at Gresham College in London where objects from the institution’s far-flung contacts were put on public display. Examining the ways in which ... More


Troubled Numbers

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter demonstrates how Isaac Newton’s emerging attitudes toward perception, and the very process of measurement itself, were different from those of his contemporaries. It discusses the ... More


Pictorial Intelligence Peter Lely, Experimental Culture, and the Parameters of Painting

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When he first came to London in the late 1640s, Robert Hooke was apprenticed in the studio of Peter Lely, a Netherlandish artist who would become Restoration London’s leading portrait painter. This ... More


Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Matthew C. Hunter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book offers an unprecedented exploration of the stunning visual strategies and stylized cognitive techniques deployed in the pursuit of knowledge by experimental philosophers associated with the ... More


The Emergence of Baroque Mathematical Natural Philosophy: An Archeology of the Inverse Square Law

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the history of the emergence of mathematical natural philosophy in the context of the inverse square law during the baroque period. It discusses how Isaac Newton established ... More


Conclusion: The Great Controversy

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Nicolaus Copernicus's problematic involved several major areas of concern—planetary modeling, the ordering of the planets, the consequences of such ordering for natural philosophy, and the prediction ... More


The Architecture of Science and the Science of Architecture

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how thinking about the “archietonical” powers necessary to experimental-philosophical cognition evolved in and as London’s built environment. I position the plans of Wren, ... More


Notebooks, English Virtuosi, and Early Modern Science

Richard Yeo

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106564
eISBN:
9780226106731
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226106731.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book explores the note-taking practices of English virtuosi and their contribution to the ethos of early modern science. By interpreting the extensive notes and papers of Samuel Hartlib, John ... More


Literary Knowledge

Tita Chico

in The Experimental Imagination: Literary Knowledge and Science in the British Enlightenment

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605442
eISBN:
9781503606456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605442.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Natural philosophy in the long eighteenth century connoted a sense of modernity and enlightenment, attributes that bound science to meanings in excess of its practice and consumption. The pliancy of ... More


The first professors

Allan Chapman

in Oxford Figures: Eight Centuries of the Mathematical Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681976
eISBN:
9780191761737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681976.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The first part of this chapter describes the foundation of the Savilian Chairs of Geometry and Astronomy and the Sedleian Chair of Natural Philosophy, and describes some early holders of these ... More


Language Reform and the Lens of Simile in Experimentalist Texts

Erin Webster

in The Curious Eye: Optics and Imaginative Literature in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198850199
eISBN:
9780191884665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850199.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter sheds new light on the ‘plain style’ movement associated with the experimental philosophy of England’s Royal Society by demonstrating that our critical understanding of this movement as ... More


In Search of Lost Designs

Alexander Wragge-Morley

in Aesthetic Science: Representing Nature in the Royal Society of London, 1650-1720

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680729
eISBN:
9780226681054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226681054.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The design argument is usually interpreted simply as an apologetic strategy, used by members of the early Royal Society such as John Ray to deflect accusations of irreligion. This chapter, however, ... More


“Pictures … in time petrify’d”

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter surveys research into artificial phosphorus conducted in the 1670s by leading figures in the early Royal Society of London. Mastered by itinerant chymists from German-speaking lands, ... More


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