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Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Michael Penman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Robert the Bruce (1274–1329) famously defeated the English at Bannockburn and became the hero king responsible for Scottish independence. This book focuses on Robert's kingship in the fifteen years ... More


Good King Robert

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter measures Bruce's success as a ruler by examining his relations with the clergy, nobility and the community of the realm of Scotland. In 1306-7 Bruce had the support of only a minority of ... More


The Bannockburn War (1307–13)

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Robert Bruce tried to win his kingdom. He could not win a straight military contest against the resources at Edward's disposal. The survival of Bruce as a military presence within Scotland challenged ... More


The Aftermath (July 1314–May 1323)

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Bannockburn did not end the war between Robert Bruce and Edward of England. It ended the manning of Scottish castles against Bruce, and open opposition to his royal rights and title within Scotland. ... More


You Can't Get Away with Murder King Robert, 1306–10

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter describes events in Robert Bruce's life during the period 1306–10. Robert was installed as king on 25 March 1306. Surviving evidence suggests that although his immediate counsel remained ... More


Body and Soul Formative Years, 1274–92

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter describes Robert Bruce's early years. Topics covered include his family and childhood; his entry into Edward I's household; and the so-called “Process” of Upsetlington-Norham between 10 ... More


The Harder they Fall Victory in Scotland, 1310–14

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter considers events in Robert Bruce's life from 1310 to 1314. These include Edward II's worsening political situation; Bruce's exploitation of Edward II's own growing political and military ... More


The Desperate Hours War and Famine, 1314–17

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter describes what happened to Robert Bruce during the period 1314–17. These include the Cambuskenneth parliament and subsequent meetings of council and parliament that initiated several ... More


Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

G W S Barrow

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The death of the Scottish king Alexander III on 18 March 1286 plunged his kingdom into uncertainty, as the Scots faced first the prospect of a small child as queen and then, on her death, competing ... More


A King in Search of his Throne

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Precise evidence for where Bruce spent the winter 1306-7 is lacking, but the likeliest hypothesis is that he stayed in Northern Ireland and the southern Hebrides. Early in 1307, aware that Edward I ... More


Scotland: A Kingdom Divided

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Robert Bruce's survival and then success in war allowed him to present himself as the king of Scots and as a rival source of authority to the English crown. His rule has long been linked with ideas ... More


The Campaign (October 1313–Midsummer 1314)

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The Scottish wars had seen no clash on the scale of Bannockburn since the battle of Falkirk sixteen years earlier. While many leaders, like Edward I, engaged aggressive campaigns which exhibited ... More


The Battle (23–4 June 1314)

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The armies were still about eight miles apart on Sunday, 23 June, 1314. This position was probably in Robert Bruce's mind throughout this day and was also impacted upon the plans of King Edward and ... More


Robert I

Michael Brown

in The Wars of Scotland 1214–1371

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748612376
eISBN:
9780748672301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612376.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

By late 1314 Robert Bruce's stature and security had grown immensely and allowed him to demand fealty of all Scots on pain of forfeiture of their lands in his realm. Such gains had not lifted the ... More


Revolution

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

On 10 February 1306 Bruce launched his bid for the Scottish throne by murdering John Comyn of Badenoch in the Dumfries Greyfriars. He was aware that the Comyns would be opposed to his claim to the ... More


Dark Victory The Price for Berwick, 1317–19

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter looks at events in Robert Bruce's life from 1317 to 1319. These include Robert and his counsel's maintenance of their war-footing despite the papal truce; the “Remonstrance of the Irish ... More


The Legacy

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Robert Bruce secured his own peace treaty with England. The character of the war continued to be shaped by the strategies pursued by the Bruce brothers and by the fragmented nature of the English war ... More


Conflict Earl of Carrick, 1293–99

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter looks at events in Robert Bruce's life from 1293 to 1299. These include John Balliol's inauguration as king of Scotland in 1292; Wallace's rebellion; and Robert of Carrick's perspective ... More


Dead End Vacillation, 1300–6

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter is about events in Robert Bruce's life, 1300–6. These include his continued fight against English occupation of his family's border lands; the end of the First Patriotic War, 1302–4; and ... More


To Have and Have Not King of Scotland, 1322–26

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter describes events in Robert Bruce's life from 1322 to 1326. These include Robert's inducements to persuade Edward II to accept a Bruce dynasty in a sovereign Scotland; the truce agreed ... More


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