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The Politics of Actuarial Justice and Risk Assessment

Andrew Day and Armon Tamatea

in The Pre-Crime Society: Crime, Culture and Control in the Ultramodern Age

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529205251
eISBN:
9781529205299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529205251.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the widespread adoption of actuarial risk assessment tools across the criminal justice system. After providing a brief history of the development and use of these tools and the ... More


Risk Assessment and the Preventive Role of the Criminal Court

Andrew Ashworth and Lucia Zedner

in Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198712527
eISBN:
9780191780820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712527.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

The premise that it is possible to assess risk accurately stands behind much preventive endeavour. This chapter examines the ways in which risk labels are deployed generally and, particularly, in the ... More


Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter discusses sanitary and phytosanitary measures under the WTO regime. These are measures that aim to protect human, animal, and plant life or health from risks arising from pests, toxins, ... More


Supermax Prison Isolation in Pre-Crime Society

Terry A. Kupers

in The Pre-Crime Society: Crime, Culture and Control in the Ultramodern Age

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529205251
eISBN:
9781529205299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529205251.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Risk assessments appear in all aspects of criminal justice proceedings.  The individual at high risk is surveilled, using new technologies such as face recognition or digital scanning of mail, so ... More


Resistance to Risky Technology: When Are Our Environmental Fears Justified?

Paul B. Thompson

in Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035668
eISBN:
9780262337991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035668.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Paul B. Thompson argues that defenders and critics of novel technologies share the same fundamental assumption that technological innovation is the key source of greater efficiency in production. ... More


Machine Decisions and Human Consequences

Teresa Scantamburlo, Andrew Charlesworth, and Nello Cristianini

in Algorithmic Regulation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198838494
eISBN:
9780191874727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838494.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses how machine learning works and, as a result, how decisions are made by modern intelligent algorithms or ‘classifiers’. It critically evaluates a real-world ‘classifier’, the ... More


A Framework for ICIS Risk Management

Emery Roe and Paul R. Schulman

in Reliability and Risk: The Challenge of Managing Interconnected Infrastructures

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804793933
eISBN:
9780804798624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804793933.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

In the book’s framework, risks follow from reliability: the standard of reliability chosen, the special skills of reliability professionals to manage the way they do (including managing the risks ... More


Bringing a More Holistic Approach to Services and Tools for Intervention

Sherry Hamby

in Battered Women's Protective Strategies: Stronger Than You Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199873654
eISBN:
9780199369645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873654.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Interventions based on a holistic, strengths-based paradigm to battering are described in this chapter. These include an in-depth description of the VIGOR, the Victim Inventory of Goals, Options, ... More


The ambiguity of therapeutic justice and women offenders in England and Wales

Jill Annison, Tim Auburn, Daniel Gilling, and Gisella Hanley Santos

in Evidence-Based Skills in Criminal Justice: International Research on Supporting Rehabilitation and Desistance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447332961
eISBN:
9781447333005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447332961.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the application of therapeutic jurisprudence at a local Magistrates’ Court in England and Wales, specifically in relation to women offenders. Drawing on data from a 2-year ... More


The Top 10 Concerns about Recovery Encountered in System Transformation

Larry Davidson, Michael Rowe, Janis Tondora, Maria J. O'Connell, and Martha Staeheli Lawless

in A Practical Guide to Recovery-Oriented Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195304770
eISBN:
9780197562420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195304770.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The second chapter begins with descriptions of some of the many ways in which people with serious mental illness are key agents in their own recovery. In these descriptions, we fi nd that the ... More


Substituted Milk

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the 1950s, thousands of infants in Japan were poisoned with arsenic and dramatically showed how vulnerable the infant brain is to toxic substances. Powdered milk had been inadvertently ... More


Round Table: The Burden of Our Times

Raymond Baker, Rebecca Berlow, Jack Blum, Zachary Karabel, Thomas Scanlon, and Taun N. Toay

in The Intellectual Origins of the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823249602
eISBN:
9780823250752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249602.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Over the course of two panels at the Arendt Center's 2009 conference, some speakers were echoing similar ideas or offering counterbalance to other comments made at the conference. Taun Toay ... More


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