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The Age of the Rig Veda

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The Indo-Iranians came from two areas of Central Asia. The Aryans in India are known from the Rig Veda. This text is the earliest text of the Indo-European languages. The Indo-Aryans were engaged in ... More


 Sacred Knowledge and Indian Origins

Ariel Glucklich

in The Footsteps of Vishnu: A Historical Introduction to Hinduism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195314052
eISBN:
9780199871766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314052.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses Hindu origins. The Indo‐Aryan controversy is examined: Did Hindu scriptures emerge as an indigenous product or did they arrive with migrating foreigners? The chapter discusses ... More


Together Apart: Changing Ethical Implications of Hindu Cosmologies 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter focuses on the ethics of cosmology in Hinduism. More specifically, it examines how the imagined shapes of the cosmos shifted and changed to accommodate an ethics of equilibrium and an ... More


From India to the Planet Mars: Gustav Holst

Nalini Ghuman

in Resonances of the Raj: India in the English Musical Imagination,1897-1947

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199314898
eISBN:
9780199372959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314898.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Drawing on new archival sources and in the contexts of Holst’s Indian studies, the music of his contemporaries Bantock and Scott, the burgeoning presence of Indian music in Britain, and the founding ... More


Identity of Aryan Culture

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The principal traits of Aryan culture are started by Vedic, Iranian, and Greek literary texts and cognate terms found in the proto-Indo-European languages. The texts that help to reconstruct the ... More


Fire, Light, and Ingesting over Time

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter reviews the ways in which viniyogas have created different kinds of associative worlds about eating in the Vedic literature. The food imagery of the Rig Veda becomes used in the ... More


Like Mother, Like Son: Hanuman, Goddesses, and Women

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Whereas Hanuman is sometimes alleged to be primarily a “men's deity”, this chapter takes a fresh look at his cult through the lens of gender relations and of discourses about sexuality and its ... More


The Vedic “Other”: Spoilers of Success

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the conception of the enemy and its history in particular usages of Rig Vedic mantras 1.32, 1.50, 1.83–84, 6.73, and 6.2.11. The Vedic enemy concept is rich in metonymic usages ... More


You can'T get here from there: The Logical Paradox of Hindu Creation Myths 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In creation myths, the problem of the beginning of life out of non-life is addressed at three levels: creation of the universe, of the human race, or of the individual human being, the embryo. ... More


Indra as the Stallion's Wife 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0033
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines one of the puzzling myths in the Rig Veda: the case of Indra as the wife (mena) of the seed-bearing stallion (or bull-stallion, vrishanashva), which may be half horse and half ... More


Impermanence and Eternity in Hindu Epic, Art and Performance 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0036
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines permanence, impermanence, and eternity in Hindu epic, art and performance. It begins with an overview of Sanskrit classics such as the Rig Veda and the Mahabharata, as well as ... More


Sequence of Social Changes

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0032
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Archaeology informs that people lived in small groups in the hilly areas in the Palaeolithic age. The Neolithic and Chalcolithic communities lived on the uplands in the proximity of hills and rivers. ... More


The Poetics of Paths: Mantras of Journeys

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter analyzes the Vedic mantras associated with journeying through space, including Rig Veda 1.42, 1.99, 1.189, 3.33, 3.45, and 10.57. The Rig Vedic imagery describes the dangers of ... More


A Short History of Heaven: From Making to Gaining the Highest Abode

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the interpretive history of Rig Vedic mantras for attaining heaven, including mantras 1.154.1–3, 9.112–15, 10.82.7, and 10.129 during the Vedic period. These hymns contain ... More


Death and Rebirthin Hinduism 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the different approaches to death and rebirth in Hinduism, first by looking at what the Rig Veda says about death and the afterlife, as well as recurring death or ‘re-death’ and ... More


The Right Honourable Max Müller

Arie L. Molendijk

in Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198784234
eISBN:
9780191826832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784234.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions, Hinduism

Chapter 1, ‘The Right Honourable Max Müller’, consists of an analysis of the life and work of Friedrich Max Müller and explores his extraordinary influence as one of the most prominent public ... More


A History of the Quest for Mental Power

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the history of images used for the attainment of mental power and verbal ability by describing metonymical interpretations of the Rig Veda mantras 1.18.6, 8.100.10–11, ... More


Are Hindus Monotheists or Polytheists? 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Hindu texts and practices suggest the simultaneous existence of polytheism and what seems to be monotheism, but some Hindus find it insulting to be called polytheists. This paradox can be traced to ... More


Introduction

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter introduces the book which is focused on the study of the use of Rig Vedic mantras in particular ritual schools. The use of Vedic mantras in particular ritual situations and the method ... More


Saranyu/Samjna: The Sun and the Shadow 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter focuses on one particular figure from Hindu mythology, Saranyu, and her relevance in the context of ideas about gender, class/caste, and race. It first outlines the story of Saranyu in ... More


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