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## Cosmology

*Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat*

### in General Relativity and the Einstein Equations

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199230723
- eISBN:
- 9780191710872
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230723.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the cosmological principle. It then covers isotropic and homogeneous Riemannian manifolds, Robertson–Walker spacetimes, Friedmann–Lemaître models, homogeneous ... More

## THE NEUMANN PROBLEM AND PROBLEMS ON MANIFOLDS

*Juan Luis Vázquez*

### in The Porous Medium Equation: Mathematical Theory

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198569039
- eISBN:
- 9780191717468
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569039.003.0011
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter completes the investigation of previous chapters on the Dirichlet and Cauchy problems by applying the techniques to other important problems. It selects two directions, the Neumann ... More

## Classical And Quantum Gravity. Riemannian Manifolds And Tensors

*JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN*

### in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198509233
- eISBN:
- 9780191708732
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0022
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter has two purposes; to present the few elements of differential geometry which are required in different places in this volume and to provide, for completeness, a short introduction to the ... More

## Stochastic Differential Equations: Langevin, Fokker–Planck Equations

*JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN*

### in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198509233
- eISBN:
- 9780191708732
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses Langevin equations, that is, stochastic differential equations related to diffusion processes, brownian motion, or random walk. From the Langevin equation, the Fokker–Planck ... More

## Riemannian manifolds

*Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan*

### in Relativity in Modern Physics

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- October 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198786399
- eISBN:
- 9780191828669
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0064
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter is about Riemannian manifolds. It first discusses the metric manifold and the Levi-Civita connection, determining if the metric is Riemannian or Lorentzian. Next, the chapter turns to ... More

## Modifying Distances

*Orlitsky Alon*

### in Semi-Supervised Learning

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- August 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780262033589
- eISBN:
- 9780262255899
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0017
- Subject:
- Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses density-based metrics induced by Riemannian manifold structures. It presents asymptotically consistent methods to estimate and compute these metrics and present upper and lower ... More

## Dehn Functions

*Timothy Riley*

### in Office Hours with a Geometric Group Theorist

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691158662
- eISBN:
- 9781400885398
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691158662.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter is concerned with Dehn functions. It begins by presenting jigsaw puzzles that are somewhat different from the conventional kind and explains how to solve them. It then considers a ... More

## On Eigenfunction Restriction Estimates and L4-Bounds for Compact Surfaces with Nonpositive Curvature

*Christopher D. Sogge and Steve Zelditch*

*Charles Fefferman, Alexandru D. Ionescu, D. H. Phong, and Stephen Wainger (eds)*

### in Advances in Analysis: The Legacy of Elias M. Stein

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691159416
- eISBN:
- 9781400848935
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691159416.003.0018
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter discusses a “restriction theorem,” which is related to certain Littlewood–Paley estimates for eigenfunctions. The main step in proving this theorem is to see that an estimate involving a ... More

## Riemannian manifolds

*Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan*

### in Relativity in Modern Physics

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- October 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198786399
- eISBN:
- 9780191828669
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0042
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the Riemann tensor characterizing curved spacetimes, and then the metric tensor, which allows lengths and durations to be defined. As shown in the preceding chapter, ... More

## Hangzhou Lectures on Eigenfunctions of the Laplacian (AM-188)

*Christopher D. Sogge*

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691160757
- eISBN:
- 9781400850549
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691160757.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Based on lectures given at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China, and Johns Hopkins University, this book introduces eigenfunctions on Riemannian manifolds. The book gives a proof of the sharp Weyl ... More

## The Cartan structure equations

*Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan*

### in Relativity in Modern Physics

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- October 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198786399
- eISBN:
- 9780191828669
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0065
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on Cartan structure equations. It first introduces a 1-form and its exterior derivative, before turning to a study of the connection and torsion forms, thereby expressing the ... More

## Quantum mechanics (QM): Path integrals in phase space

*Jean Zinn-Justin*

### in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena: Fifth Edition

- Published in print:
- 2021
- Published Online:
- June 2021
- ISBN:
- 9780198834625
- eISBN:
- 9780191872723
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198834625.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In Chapter 2, a path integral representation of the quantum operator e-β H in the case of Hamiltonians H of the separable form p2/2m + V(q) has been constructed. Here, the construction is extended to ... More

## A review: The Laplacian and the d’Alembertian

*Christopher D. Sogge*

### in Hangzhou Lectures on Eigenfunctions of the Laplacian (AM-188)

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691160757
- eISBN:
- 9781400850549
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691160757.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter reviews the Laplacian and the d'Alembertian. It begins with a brief discussion on the solution of wave equation both in Euclidean space and on manifolds and how this knowledge can be ... More

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