*Jon P. Keating*

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198797319
- eISBN:
- 9780191838774
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198797319.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The aim of this chapter is to motivate and describe some recent developments concerning the applications of random matrix theory to problems in number theory. The first section provides a brief and ...
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The aim of this chapter is to motivate and describe some recent developments concerning the applications of random matrix theory to problems in number theory. The first section provides a brief and rather selective introduction to the theory of the Riemann zeta function, in particular to those parts needed to understand the connections with random matrix theory. The second section focuses on the value distribution of the zeta function on its critical line, specifically on recent progress in understanding the extreme value statistics gained through a conjectural link to log–correlated Gaussian random fields and the statistical mechanics of glasses. The third section outlines some number-theoretic problems that can be resolved in function fields using random matrix methods. In this latter case, random matrix theory provides the only route we currently have for calculating certain important arithmetic statistics rigorously and unconditionally.Less

The aim of this chapter is to motivate and describe some recent developments concerning the applications of random matrix theory to problems in number theory. The first section provides a brief and rather selective introduction to the theory of the Riemann zeta function, in particular to those parts needed to understand the connections with random matrix theory. The second section focuses on the value distribution of the zeta function on its critical line, specifically on recent progress in understanding the extreme value statistics gained through a conjectural link to log–correlated Gaussian random fields and the statistical mechanics of glasses. The third section outlines some number-theoretic problems that can be resolved in function fields using random matrix methods. In this latter case, random matrix theory provides the only route we currently have for calculating certain important arithmetic statistics rigorously and unconditionally.

*Ben Brubaker, Daniel Bump, and Solomon Friedberg*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691150659
- eISBN:
- 9781400838998
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691150659.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series are generalizations of the Riemann zeta function. Like the Riemann zeta function, they are Dirichlet series with analytic continuation and functional equations, ...
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Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series are generalizations of the Riemann zeta function. Like the Riemann zeta function, they are Dirichlet series with analytic continuation and functional equations, having applications to analytic number theory. By contrast, these Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series may be functions of several complex variables and their groups of functional equations may be arbitrary finite Weyl groups. Furthermore, their coefficients are multiplicative up to roots of unity, generalizing the notion of Euler products. This book proves foundational results about these series and develops their combinatorics. These interesting functions may be described as Whittaker coefficients of Eisenstein series on metaplectic groups, but this characterization doesn't readily lead to an explicit description of the coefficients. The coefficients may be expressed as sums over Kashiwara's crystals, which are combinatorial analogs of characters of irreducible representations of Lie groups. For Cartan Type A, there are two distinguished descriptions, and if these are known to be equal, the analytic properties of the Dirichlet series follow. Proving the equality of the two combinatorial definitions of the Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series requires the comparison of two sums of products of Gauss sums over lattice points in polytopes. Through a series of surprising combinatorial reductions, this is accomplished. The book includes expository material about crystals, deformations of the Weyl character formula, and the Yang–Baxter equation.Less

Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series are generalizations of the Riemann zeta function. Like the Riemann zeta function, they are Dirichlet series with analytic continuation and functional equations, having applications to analytic number theory. By contrast, these Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series may be functions of several complex variables and their groups of functional equations may be arbitrary finite Weyl groups. Furthermore, their coefficients are multiplicative up to roots of unity, generalizing the notion of Euler products. This book proves foundational results about these series and develops their combinatorics. These interesting functions may be described as Whittaker coefficients of Eisenstein series on metaplectic groups, but this characterization doesn't readily lead to an explicit description of the coefficients. The coefficients may be expressed as sums over Kashiwara's crystals, which are combinatorial analogs of characters of irreducible representations of Lie groups. For Cartan Type A, there are two distinguished descriptions, and if these are known to be equal, the analytic properties of the Dirichlet series follow. Proving the equality of the two combinatorial definitions of the Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series requires the comparison of two sums of products of Gauss sums over lattice points in polytopes. Through a series of surprising combinatorial reductions, this is accomplished. The book includes expository material about crystals, deformations of the Weyl character formula, and the Yang–Baxter equation.

*Ali Taheri*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- September 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780198733133
- eISBN:
- 9780191797712
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733133.003.0011
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Analysis

This chapter begins with an introduction of Fourier transform on ℝn and then covers various summability methods including Abel-Poisson, Gauss-Weierstrass and later Bochner-Riesz. It also discusses ...
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This chapter begins with an introduction of Fourier transform on ℝn and then covers various summability methods including Abel-Poisson, Gauss-Weierstrass and later Bochner-Riesz. It also discusses the Calderon-Zygmund decomposition and Fefferman’s ball multiplier theorem.Less

This chapter begins with an introduction of Fourier transform on ℝ^{n} and then covers various summability methods including Abel-Poisson, Gauss-Weierstrass and later Bochner-Riesz. It also discusses the Calderon-Zygmund decomposition and Fefferman’s ball multiplier theorem.