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A False Start

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

In general, modern governments invest only a small portion of the national income to the generation of new knowledge. In the United Kingdom, the Department of Science and Industrial Research carried ... More


Back on to the Agenda

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the reintegration of the need for Humanities Research Council back onto the public agenda and into the policy stream of the UK government. The issue of the Research Council for ... More


Systematic Gradualism: Harm Reduction, Public Health, and the Industry, 1950s–1971

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter traces the history of what Sir Peter Froggatt, Chair of the Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health, writing in the 1980s, called the strategy of ‘systematic gradualism’.. ... More


Board to Council

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Education

The AHRB was given the core responsibility to produce 12,000 active arts and humanities researches over the UK. As of 1998, the Board had made over 4000 awards involving over 5000 researches. Across ... More


In Due Course: The Government Decides

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses how the government agreed to the commitment of establishing an Arts and Humanities Research Council. Following the achievement, aspiration, and resistance in the early years of ... More


Resistance

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the antagonism and resistance directed against the ARHB. When the Dearing Report first appeared, the University of Oxford stood against the establishment of a separate Research ... More


Contributing to the Discipline

Rebecca Todd Peters and Bernadette McNary-Zak

in Teaching Undergraduate Research in Religious Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732869
eISBN:
9780199918522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732869.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The chapter situates Undergraduate Research in Religious Studies within the contexts of the institutional and national organizations such as the Council of Undergraduate Research by addressing the ... More


Historical Education for Citizens

Michael Gottlob

in History and Politics in Post-Colonial India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072485
eISBN:
9780199080731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072485.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter explores the controversy surrounding history textbooks for school students. The central premise surrounding this controversy was that of national identity. The chapter studies the case ... More


Economic Forecasts and Fiscal Projections

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, the general context of budget-making, up to the Cabinet's approval of the Ministry of Finance's draft budgets for both the General Account Budget and the Fiscal Investment Loan Programme in ... More


Developing and evaluating complex interventions: an introduction to the new Medical Research Council guidance

Peter Craig, Paul Dieppe, Sally Macintyre, Susan Michie, Irwin Nazareth, and Mark Petticrew

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Complex interventions are widely used in the health service, in public health practice, and in areas of social policy that have important consequences for population health, such as education, ... More


The LDP's Policy-Making Structures

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The constitution of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) prescribes that all proposed legislation and policies adopted by the party must first be examined and approved by the party before ... More


Fetal Pathology and Social Obstetrics

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

During the early years of the 20th century the pathologists held sway. Their detailed post-mortem examinations of fetuses promised to provide answers about causes of death. But the relatively small ... More


Creating the Image of European Islam: The European Council for Fatwa and Research and Ireland1

Adil Hussain Khan

in Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748646944
eISBN:
9780748684281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646944.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter demonstrates how the creation of a transnational institution such as the European Council for Fatwa and Research (ECFR) are not the outcome of local efforts from European Muslims at the ... More


Implanting industrial cultures

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Wartime experiences seeded the new nuclear specialists, and these environments gestated their post-war opportunities. The laboratories and production sites merged industrial and scientific cultures. ... More


A SCIENTIST FOR ALL SEASONS

Sir Geoffrey Allen and F.R.S. F.R. Eng.

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes the history of Sam Edwards within polymer physics from the early days of his exposure, through his insights in seeing what is important, bringing key new insights, inspiring ... More


The Progressive Roots of the Instrumental University: Public Administration, City Planning, and Industrial Relations

Ethan Schrum

in The Instrumental University: Education in Service of the National Agenda after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736643
eISBN:
9781501736650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736643.003.0002
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Chapter 1 introduces the godfather of the instrumental university, Charles Merriam, and traces the remarkably parallel rise of public administration, city planning, and industrial relations as ... More


The National Research Council and the Scientific Study of Race

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The efforts of the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academy of Sciences concerning the scientific and sociological meanings of race in America were concluded in the final report of the ... More


Political Islam in Ireland and the Role of Muslim Brotherhood Networks

Adil Hussain Khan

in Muslims in Ireland: Past and Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780748696888
eISBN:
9781474412230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696888.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

How European networks of the Muslim Brotherhood have played a leading role in organising Muslims in Ireland is demonstrated in this chapter. The major Sunni mosque organisation, the Islamic Cultural ... More


Take Kalahari Hoodia for Hunger

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter situates hoodia within the longer history of the creation of healing plant Diasporas in South Africa from San settlement up through the process of plant prospecting at the Council for ... More


The History of History: Politics and Scholarship in Modern India

Vinay Lal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195672442
eISBN:
9780199081929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195672442.001.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

History and historians in India have gained prominence in the public sphere in recent years. The undisputed ascendancy of history in modern India may be briefly gauged by two developments. The first ... More


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