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Hobbes and the European Republic of Letters

Noel Malcolm

in Aspects of Hobbes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247141
eISBN:
9780191597992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247145.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Assesses the European reception of Hobbes's thought from c.1640 to c.1750. It begins by discussing the publishing history of his works on the Continent, and the various attempts to edit or translate ... More


Natural Philosophy and the Republic of Letters

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Three developments are explored in this chapter. The first is the attempt by the French Crown to act as absolute arbiter and guardian of standards by means of the institution of various Académies. ... More


Court, Salon and Republic of Letters

David Randall

in The Concept of Conversation: From Cicero's Sermo to the Grand Siècle's Conversation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474430104
eISBN:
9781474445016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430104.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The humanist educational project to educate the elite of Western Europe produced as one of its dizzy successes the application of conversation to the speech and behavior of nobleman at court. This, ... More


The Two Tribunals: Pierre Jurieu before the Republic of Letters and the State

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter opens by documenting the heated theological–political polemic between Bayle and his former friend Pierre Jurieu, which ran directly parallel to the genesis of the Dictionnaire in the ... More


The Realm of Sensibility

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The mid‐eighteenth century rethinking of the aims of natural philosophy was one in which the central role accorded to rationality in the first half of the century now comes to be translated into ... More


Investigation and Improvement

Stephen Conway

in Britain, Ireland, and Continental Europe in the Eighteenth Century: Similarities, Connections, Identities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199210855
eISBN:
9780191725111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210855.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines the British and Irish involvement in a European community of schoalrs and intellectuals, and how scholarship itself might help to further European consciousness. It looks first ... More


Catalysing Chemical Correspondence: James Watt and the Case of Joseph Black and James Keir

Kristen M. Schranz

in James Watt (1736-1819): Culture, Innovation and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781789620818
eISBN:
9781789629767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620818.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

James Watt has already been established as a competent eighteenth-century chemist. His role as a chemical correspondent, however, has not been examined adequately. This chapter argues that through ... More


Code, Truth, or Ruse? The Vapors in the Republic of Letters

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Men and women of letters used the description of vaporous fits to exemplify the relationship between body and mind irrespective of medical concerns. This chapter examines how the Republic of Letters ... More


Above and beyond the Nation Cosmopolitan Networks

in Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226904054
eISBN:
9780226904078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904078.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on two closely related and seemingly more mundane artifacts: the letter and the book. It also considers the circulation, collection, and display of other artifacts—natural ... More


Barthélemy d'Herbelot and the Place of Oriental Learning

Nicholas Dew

in Orientalism in Louis XIV's France

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199234844
eISBN:
9780191715716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234844.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter follows the patronage career of the French orientalist, Barthélemy d'Herbelot (1625–1695), and uses it to further explore the institutional framework for Oriental studies in the late ... More


Rousseau’s Counter-Enlightenment: Letter to d’Alembert on the Theater

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Rousseau is the first writer to signal a radical discontent with the Enlightenment and its creation, the bourgeois. He conveys this critique most powerfully in his denunciation of modernity’s great ... More


‘Placez moi dans un coin de Votre Bibliotheque’: Winckelmann’s career in Germany and his self-positioning within the eighteenth-century Republic of Letters

Katherine Harloe

in Winckelmann and the Invention of Antiquity: History and Aesthetics in the Age of Altertumswissenschaft

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695843
eISBN:
9780191755880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695843.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 2 locates Winckelmann’s early life and works within two of their most important cultural and intellectual contexts: the patronage networks of ancien-régime Europe and the cosmopolitan ... More


Two Balancing Acts The Unlikely Cultural Mediations of Joseph Attias

Francesca Bregoli

in Mediterranean Enlightenment: Livornese Jews, Tuscan Culture, and Eighteenth-Century Reform

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804786508
eISBN:
9780804791595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786508.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Attias (1672-1739) was a Livornese Jewish savant who acted as a cultural mediator in the Republic of Letters. By investigating his position at the intersection of Jewish and non-Jewish worlds, this ... More


From a Republic of Letters to a Republic of Piety

Ebrahim Moosa

in What Is a Madrasa?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620138
eISBN:
9781469623337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620138.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the ideological debates within discrete madrasa networks about curriculum reform, where the cultivation of piety becomes the goal at the expense of rigorous scholarship. Aside ... More


Was an Eastern Scholar Necessarily a Cultural Broker in Early Modern Europe?: Faustus Naironus (1628–1711), the Christian East, and Oriental Studies

Aurélien Girard

in Confessionalisation and Erudition in Early Modern Europe: An Episode in the History of the Humanities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780197266601
eISBN:
9780191896057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266601.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The article examines the Evoplia fidei catholicae romanae historico-dogmatica (The Historical-dogmatic Armour of the Roman Catholic Faith), a book which was published in Rome in 1694 by a Maronite, ... More


Anatomists and Courtiers

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Beginning with a geography of Paris anatomy in the seventeenth century, this chapter then asks who the anatomist was in this period, framed by the experiences of four charter members of the Paris ... More


The Rebirth of the Concours Académique: Cultural Politics and the Domestication of Letters in the Age of Louis XIV

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in The Enlightenment in Practice: Academic Prize Contests and Intellectual Culture in France, 1670-1794

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450600
eISBN:
9780801463907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450600.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the rebirth of the concours académique, with particular emphasis on cultural politics and the domestication of letters during the reign of Louis XIV. It begins with an overview ... More


The Thesauruses of Otto and Meerman as Publishing Enterprises: Legal Humanism in its Last Phase, 1725–1780

Ian Maclean

in Reassessing Legal Humanism and its Claims: Petere Fontes?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781474408851
eISBN:
9781474418522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408851.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter investigates the two largest historical monograph collections of legal humanism to appear in the eighteenth century. The four folio volumes of the Thesaurus Juris Romani (1725-9), ... More


Selected Writings of an Eighteenth-Century Venetian Woman of Letters

Elisabetta Caminer Turra

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226817675
eISBN:
9780226817699
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226817699.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Elisabetta Caminer Turra (1751–96) was one of the most prominent women in eighteenth-century Italy and a central figure in the international “Republic of Letters.” A journalist and publisher, Caminer ... More


“Read All About It”: Science, Translation, Adaptation, and Confrontation in the Gazeta de Literatura de México, 1788–1795

Fiona Clark

in Science in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires, 1500-1800

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753586
eISBN:
9780804776332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753586.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Gazeta de Literatura de México, one of the first and most valuable literary-scientific periodical publications in the Spanish Americas. The chapter demonstrates the way in ... More


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