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From Versailles to the Ruhr Crisis

Conan Fischer

in The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208006
eISBN:
9780191716607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208006.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter summarises and evaluates the pattern of Franco–German relations from the Armistice talks of late 1918 to the reparations crisis of autumn 1922. It explains how and why inter-Allied ... More


Free the Land: The Republic of New Afrika and the Pursuit of a Black Nation-State

Edward Onaci

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469656144
eISBN:
9781469656168
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656144.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

On March 31, 1968, over 500 Black nationalists convened in Detroit to begin the process of securing independence from the United States. Many concluded that Black Americans' best remaining hope for ... More


Brazil

Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust: Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190923068
eISBN:
9780190923099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923068.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Brazil declared war on Germany and was a member of the Allied powers during World War II. No immovable property—private, communal, or heirless—was confiscated from Jews or other targeted groups in ... More


Canada

Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust: Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190923068
eISBN:
9780190923099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923068.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Canada declared war on Germany and was a member of the Allied powers during World War II. No immovable property—private, communal, or heirless—was confiscated from Jews or other targeted groups in ... More


Cyprus

Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust: Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190923068
eISBN:
9780190923099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923068.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Cyprus was a British Crown colony during World War II. Cyprus was a haven to refugees escaping Nazi persecution during World War II, and after concentration camps in Europe were liberated, detention ... More


Finland

Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust: Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190923068
eISBN:
9780190923099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923068.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Between 1939 and 1944, Finland fought two separate wars against the Soviet Union. In 1941, Finland entered World War II aligned with Nazi Germany in its fight against the Soviet Union. Finland was ... More


Malta

Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust: Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190923068
eISBN:
9780190923099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923068.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Malta was a British Crown colony during World War II. Prior to and during World War II, Jewish refugees fled from Continental Europe to Malta because it was the only country in Europe that did not ... More


Portugal

Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust: Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190923068
eISBN:
9780190923099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923068.003.0034
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Portugal was ruled from 1932 to 1968 by dictator António Salazar, who, unlike Spain’s Francisco Franco, did not enter into an alliance with Nazi Germany. Along with European states like Switzerland ... More


For New Afrikan People’s War: Lessons and Legacies of the New Afrikan Independence Movement

Edward Onaci

in Free the Land: The Republic of New Afrika and the Pursuit of a Black Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469656144
eISBN:
9781469656168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656144.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter considers the New Afrikan Independence Movement beyond the PG-RNA. It highlights some of the organizations and parties that struggled for New Afrikan independence alongside the ... More


New Directions: New Leaders, Riots, Voices of Southern White Ministers, the Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., and a Demand for Reparations

Elaine Allen Lechtreck

in Southern White Ministers and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496817525
eISBN:
9781496817570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496817525.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter depicts directions far removed from the nonviolent civil rights movement. It includes the rhetoric and actions of New Leaders such as Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, Bobby Seale, and ... More


Postbellum Peacebuilding

Michael W. Doyle

in The Question of Intervention: John Stuart Mill and the Responsibility to Protect

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300172638
eISBN:
9780300210781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300172638.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After surveying the relevant principles of international occupation law, the chapter explores the ethics of the jus post bellum, the standards for assuring that a peace will last after intervention. ... More


Racial Debts, Individual Slights, and Sleights of Hand in Faulkner’s Intruder in the Dust

Mary A. Knighton

in Faulkner and Money

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781496822529
eISBN:
9781496822567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496822529.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

William Faulkner's novel Intruder in the Dust (1948) thematizes racial debt as a form of racial reparations. Racial debt and its repayment emerge as the white boy Chick Mallison's obsession with ... More


Lang Reparations

Gilya Gerda Schmidt

in Süssen Is Now Free of Jews: World War II, the Holocaust, and Rural Judaism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243297
eISBN:
9780823243334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243297.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Reparations for real estate were a messy and lengthy and less than satisfactory process. At first, there were no laws to deal with these matters, so that the process stalled for years. Finally, in ... More


The Mauritius Truth and Justice Commission: ‘eyewash’, ‘storm in a teacup’ or promise of a new future for Mauritians?

Vijayalakshmi Teelock

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British Imperial world

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719091834
eISBN:
9781781707890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091834.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The Mauritius Truth and Justice Commission (TJC), established in 2009 and reporting in 2012, represents a unique state-sponsored examination of the history of unfree labour and its consequences for a ... More


Jamaica and the debate over reparation for slavery: an overview1

Verene A. Shepherd

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British Imperial world

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719091834
eISBN:
9781781707890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091834.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Discussion of the theory and practise of reparations intensified following the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action of 2001 under the aegis of the UN World Conference against Racism, Racial ... More


Slavery and Its Legacies: Remembering Labour Exploitation in the Francophone World

Nicola Frith and Kate Hodgson

in At the Limits of Memory: Legacies of Slavery in the Francophone World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381595
eISBN:
9781781382240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381595.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Frith and Hodgson’s opening chapter provides a broad overview of the memorialization of slavery in the Francophone world contrary to the lack of memorialization of other forms of labour exploitation. ... More


Cartographies of Memory, Politics of Emancipation

Françoise Vergès

in At the Limits of Memory: Legacies of Slavery in the Francophone World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381595
eISBN:
9781781382240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381595.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In this concluding chapter, Françoise Vergès offers a global overview of the politics of memory related to slavery and the slave trade across the Francophone world. She opens up a number of important ... More


Reparations

Ibrahim Fraihat

in Unfinished Revolutions: Yemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300215632
eISBN:
9780300220957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215632.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that in Libya, Yemen, and Tunisia, intensive reparations processes must begin immediately to help victims come to terms with injustices they suffered in the past. In addition to ... More


US Involvement in the Colombian Justice and Peace Process

Annie R. Bird

in US Foreign Policy on Transitional Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199338412
eISBN:
9780190236588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199338412.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 5 examines the US involvement in the Colombian Justice and Peace Process. During the negotiations of the Justice and Peace Law, Congress advocated for strengthening the provisions on ... More


Indian Summer, 1914–1931

Youssef Cassis and Philip L. Cottrell

in Private Banking in Europe: Rise, Retreat, and Resurgence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198735755
eISBN:
9780191799723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735755.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

Chapter 6 suggests that the First World War did not mark a turning point in the history of private bankers. Private banks were unevenly affected by wartime conditions: some suffered heavy losses ... More


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