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Corpuscularianism and the Rise of Mechanism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

From the early 17th century onwards, the dominant natural philosophy was mechanism: the view that all explanations must ultimately take the form of a reduction to a very economical range of features ... More


Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


The Quantitative Transformation of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks at attempts to quantify natural phenomena and, in particular, forces. Early efforts along these lines — notably by Galileo and Descartes — tried to extrapolate from statics to ... More


Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


From Analytic Geometry to the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter follows up on the mathematical advances made during the sixteenth century, especially in the work of François Viète as he aspired to transform his algebra to realize his aim to “solve ... More


Descartes, Locke, Kant, and the Crisis of Justification

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The medieval consensus of Christendom that once framed theological discussion and yielded authority to the theologian was crucially eroded during the Reformation and Enlightenment. As a result, ... More


René Descartes

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses René Descartes, who is an essential historical figure. It studies his highly influential work, where he tried to show how human neurophysiology and behavior could be entirely ... More


Cartesian Romance: Universal Origins and Le Monde

Ayesha Ramachandran

in The Worldmakers: Global Imagining in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288796
eISBN:
9780226288826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288826.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

By the seventeenth century, the terms “world” and “cosmos” would become almost interchangeable: chapter four explores this further expansion in scale in René Descartes’s Le monde (The World) whose ... More


Abandoning Judgment: Montaignian Skeptics and Cartesian Fanatics

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes how the crisis of authority led some to abandon the possibility of public justification altogether and others to seek out a type of knowledge that would be invulnerable to ... More


Review Essay: Descartes on Forms and MechanismsHelen Hattab(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009)Descartes’s Changing MindPeter Machamer and J. E. McGuire(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009)

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume VI

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659593
eISBN:
9780191745218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659593.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is a critical review of two recently published works on Descartes: Helen Hattab’s Descartes on Forms and Mechanisms and Peter Machamer and J.E. McGuire’s Descartes’s Changing Mind. Both ... More


Descartes and Leibniz as Readers of Suárez: Theory of Distinctions and Principle of Individuation

Roger Ariew

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This essay explores the reception and used of Suárez’s philosophy by two canonical early modern philosophers, René Descartes and Gottfried Leibniz. It is argued that Descartes’ theory of distinctions ... More


What Someone May Have Whispered in Elisabeth’s Ear

Vlad Alexandrescu

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume VI

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659593
eISBN:
9780191745218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659593.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks at Elisabeth’s arguments in the framework of Descartes’ program to collect valuable objections from members of the Republic of Letters. The analysis of Elisabeth’s first letters ... More


Volume Editor's Introduction

Lisa Shapiro

in The Correspondence between Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia and René Descartes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226204413
eISBN:
9780226204444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226204444.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

The correspondence between Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia (1618–80) and René Descartes covers topics spanning the range of philosophical inquiry, but the letters were not written for the public. Early ... More


Emblematic Reactions: Descartes, Peiresc, Galileo's Daughter (1633–1642)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with the period from 1633 to approximately 1642—the period of Galileo's life after the trial. It concentrates on the reactions of four individuals that for various reasons have ... More


Alief in Action (and Reaction)

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the notion of alief: an innate or habitual propensity to respond to an apparent stimulus in a particular way. Recognizing the role that alief plays in our cognitive repertoire ... More


The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

It was around Newton's Principia that most of the issues in eighteenth‐century natural philosophy hinged. The chapter explores the differences between the prevailing cosmological system, that of ... More


How to construct a poem: Descartes, Sidney

Shankar Raman

in Formal matters: Reading the materials of English Renaissance literature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719085536
eISBN:
9781781707173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085536.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Shankar Raman’s essay argues that the very idea of creative invention—so central to modern assumptions about literary authorship—is embedded in philosophical and mathematical ideas and practices of ... More


The Correspondence

Lisa Shapiro

in The Correspondence between Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia and René Descartes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226204413
eISBN:
9780226204444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226204444.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter presents the English translation of the correspondence between Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia and René Descartes.


Descartes on Method and Certainty in the Géométrie

Niccolò Guicciardini

in Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013178
eISBN:
9780262258869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013178.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores René Descartes’ most influential mathematical work—the Géométrie (1637)—an essay that remained to be influential across generations, and which also had a profound impact in the ... More


Suárez on Propinquity and the Efficient Cause

Dennis Des Chene

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This essay explores Suárez’s commitment to the important causal principle of propinquity or spatial contiguity. Like many, Suárez accepted the principle of no action at a distance. It is argued that ... More


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