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Religious Liberty in International Human Rights Law

Kristine Kalanges

in Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199859467
eISBN:
9780199933518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859467.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

Freedom of religion did not become a legal reality until the modern era (e.g., through the First Amendment), and even as late as the Second World War, one global study declared a total absence of “a ... More


U.S. Foreign Policy and Global Religious Pluralism

Elizabeth H. Prodromou

in Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323405
eISBN:
9780199869237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323405.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Under the presidency of George W. Bush, this chapter argues, religious identities and ethical commitments had a significant impact on U.S. foreign policy—and an even greater impact on perceptions of ... More


 Thomas Jefferson and the Separation of Church and State

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

While many of George Washington’s contemporaries portrayed him as a devout Christian, Thomas Jefferson’s foes depicted him as an infidel and an atheist. Given how similar their religious views and ... More


Farewell to Christendom: The Future of Church and State in America

Thomas J. Curry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145694
eISBN:
9780199834129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145690.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Protestantism abandoned Christendom by way of the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights, and Catholicism did the same in the Declaration of Religious Liberty of the Second Vatican Council. Because ... More


Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Catharine Cookson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religious free exercise conflicts occur when religiously compelled behavior (whether action or inaction) appears to violate a law that contraindicates or even criminalizes such behavior. Fearful of ... More


The Legislative Campaign against Religious Persecution

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The passage of the 1998 International Religious Freedom (IRF) Act seemed to presage a new chapter in U.S. foreign policy—in effect, the elevation of America's “first freedom” to what many considered ... More


After the War

John A. Ragosta

in Wellspring of Liberty: How Virginia's Religious Dissenters Helped Win the American Revolution and Secured Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388060
eISBN:
9780199866779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388060.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

By wars' end, dissenters had still not achieved full religious liberty, with continuing administration of some social and governmental activities granted to Anglican vestries; yet, with the necessity ... More


Contending for Liberty

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The American Revolution heightened the differences between Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists as the dissenters addressed the political crisis through petitions and met the resultant ... More


The Persecuted Body: Evangelical Internationalism, Islam, and the Politics of Fear

Melani Mcalister

in Facing Fear: The History of an Emotion in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153599
eISBN:
9781400845248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153599.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the politics of fear underlying the antipersecution discourse that revolved around evangelical Christians at the turn of the twenty-first century. A video made by the U.S.-based ... More


America's International Religious Freedom Policy

Thomas F. Farr

in Rethinking Religion and World Affairs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199827978
eISBN:
9780199933020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827978.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

American diplomacy continues to insist that Afghanistan achieved religious freedom. Whatever the State Department meant by that term, it did not appear to exclude illiberal religious practices that ... More


Jefferson's Epitaph

Francis D. Cogliano

in Thomas Jefferson: Reputation and Legacy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624997
eISBN:
9780748670697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624997.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

One his tombstone Jefferson noted just three achievements-his authorship of the American Declaration of Independence; his authorship of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom; and his role in the ... More


Realizing Religious Freedom in Islam

Daniel Philpott

in Religious Freedom in Islam: The Fate of a Universal Human Right in the Muslim World Today

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190908188
eISBN:
9780190908218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908188.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This concluding chapter offers six recommendations for increasing the sphere of religious freedom in the Muslim-majority world and in the globe in general. These are drawn from the book’s foregoing ... More


Pursuits: The Cold War and the Hunt for Intolerance

John Corrigan

in Religious Intolerance, America, and the World: A History of Forgetting and Remembering

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226313931
eISBN:
9780226314099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314099.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

During the Cold War era, there was overt intolerance of Catholics, New Religious Movements, and Asian American religious communities, as well as ongoing resentment toward African American churches. A ... More


Is There Reason for Hope?: The Second Vatican Council and Catholic Interreligious Relations

Leo D. Lefebure

in The Long Shadow of Vatican Ii: Living Faith and Negotiating Authority since the Second Vatican Council

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625294
eISBN:
9781469625317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625294.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Two major Council Declarations, on non-Christian religions (Nostra Aetate) and on religious freedom (Dignitatis Humanae), set the stage for a radically different view of non-Christian religious ... More


Religious Freedom and International Diplomacy

Thomas F. Farr

in The Future of Religious Freedom: Global Challenges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199930890
eISBN:
9780199980581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930890.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins with a discussion of the importance of religious freedom to international peace, development, and ordered liberty, especially in an emergent 21st Century marked by powerful ... More


Religion as Collective Right: Legislating Toward Native American Religious Freedom

Michael D. McNally

in Defend the Sacred: Native American Religious Freedom beyond the First Amendment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691190907
eISBN:
9780691201511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691190907.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter considers efforts to legislate Native American religious freedom in the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA, 1978). Where courts and even common sense have seen AIRFA as a ... More


Sino-Vatican Relations and the Intermediary Roles of Hong Kong and Macau

Roland Vogt (ed.)

in Europe and China: Strategic Partners or Rivals?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083879
eISBN:
9789882209077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083879.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Vatican is the only European nation-state that does not have full diplomatic ties with Beijing. Negotiations between Beijing and the Holy See have stalled and disagreements over religious ... More


James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and the Meaning of “Establishment of Religion” in Eighteenth-Century Virginia

Ralph Ketcham

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses particularly on the ideas and activities of James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in support of religious freedom. From the time he was a young man, Madison was an opponent of ... More


Exercising One's Political Voice as a Moral Engagement

Nicholas Wolterstorff and Terence Cuneo

in Understanding Liberal Democracy: Essays in Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199558957
eISBN:
9780191744808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558957.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The central thesis in this essay is that the discussions by public reason liberals of the ethic of citizen suffer from a strange kind of myopia; their attention is focused exclusively on just one ... More


Trickle Down

Yvonne C. Zimmerman

in Other Dreams of Freedom: Religion, Sex, and Human Trafficking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942190
eISBN:
9780199980765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942190.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter reviews the contents of the United States' anti-trafficking legislation, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000, and documents this legislation's little-known religious ... More


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