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Sorting Out Ethics

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is divided into three parts: in Part I, R. M. Hare offers a justification for the use of philosophy of language in the treatment of moral questions, together with an overview of his moral ... More


Is Universalism Ethnocentric?

Martin Hollis

in Multicultural Questions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296102
eISBN:
9780191599583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829610X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Martin Hollis (in one of his last writings before his untimely death) opens up the first section, Is Universalism Ethnocentric?, with a fiery defence of Enlightenment universalism and an attack on ... More


Humboldt, Worldview and Language

James Underhill

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748638420
eISBN:
9780748671809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638420.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book investigates the vigorous and inspiring linguistic philosophy of Wilhelm von Humboldt. Many English-speaking authors speak of a ‘Humboldtian tradition’ and associate Humboldt's name with ... More


Objections and Comparisons

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Relativism is distinguished from pluralism; mathematical theses which are true in some systems but not others are held to express different propositions which different truth values in each. ... More


Elements for a Public Critique of the Catholic Discourse of Anti-Relativism

Carlo Invernizzi Accetti

in Relativism and Religion: Why Democratic Societies Do Not Need Moral Absolutes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170789
eISBN:
9780231540377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170789.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter provides an analytical discussion of some of the salient elements of the contemporary religious discourse of anti-relativism, focusing in particular on the use made of five key terms: ... More


Defense of a Relativist Conception of Democracy

Carlo Invernizzi Accetti

in Relativism and Religion: Why Democratic Societies Do Not Need Moral Absolutes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170789
eISBN:
9780231540377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170789.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter advances the thesis that far from constituting a problem for democracy, moral relativism is actually the most solid intellectual foundation for it in the first place, through an analysis ... More


Of Reality: The Purposes of Philosophy

Gianni Vattimo and Robert T. Valgenti

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231166966
eISBN:
9780231536578
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166966.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We think it is wise to accept reality, rather than fight for something that does not exist or might never be. But in Of Reality, Gianni Vattimo condemns this complacency, with its implicit support of ... More


From Value to Lifeworld

Roy D’ Andrade

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

The essay presents a synopsis of quantitative studies of human values across cultural groups and poses a puzzle to be solved. A quantitative study of values reveals very few “East versus West” ... More


Classification and the Concept of Psychiatric Disorder

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The nominalist assertion that “psychiatric disorder” is only a name for conditions that psychiatrists decide to treat is unacceptably relativistic. One of the best thought-out attempts to regiment ... More


The Tragic Liberalism of Isaiah Berlin

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The influence of the Counter-Enlightenment has not been entirely nihilistic and rejectionist. It has deeply influenced Isaiah Berlin, one of the chief apostles of liberal political theory in the ... More


Rethinking Development Interventions: Potential and Challenges of Human Rights Education

Ben Cislaghi

in Human Rights and Community-led Development: Lessons from Tostan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474419796
eISBN:
9781474445139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419796.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Advocates for new approaches to development have increasingly called for people-led implementations. However, many models have failed, being both weak in the theory framing them, and in the practice ... More


Two Ways to Believe

Noëlle Vahanian

in The Rebellious No: Variations on a Secular Theology of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256952
eISBN:
9780823261444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256952.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter distinguishes between two ways to believe in an age of relativism and postmodernism. The first form smacks of fideism, and it is without any other cause besides that of naï ... More


Conclusion: The Battle for Autonomy

Nicholas Tampio

in Kantian Courage: Advancing the Enlightenment in Contemporary Political Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823245000
eISBN:
9780823250707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245000.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The conclusion reviews the historical debate about the meaning of autonomy to enter the contemporary one. Many contemporary Kantians seek to counter the charge of relativism or nihilism by ... More


Epilogue

David Ellis

in Memoirs of a Leavisite: The Decline and Fall of Cambridge English

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318894
eISBN:
9781846318023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318894.003.0019
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Leavis would frequently recall how Wittgenstein had charged him with having more character than intelligence. Ellis ponders how much character he did in fact need as the effects of consumer ... More


Introduction: Governmentality against Itself

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Introduction: Governmentality Against Itself lays out the book’s overarching arguments and analytical contributions to anthropology and feminist theory. Rather than debating how “we” as Western ... More


Relativism and Its Benefits

Patrick Shade and John Lachs

in Freedom and Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256747
eISBN:
9780823261390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256747.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Lachs argues that belief in the uniformity of human nature underlies dogmatism about absolute values. He rejects this view since he finds that the natures of individuals vary. Values are relative not ... More


Poiesis, Fides, et Ratio in the Absence of Relativism

Matthew S. LoPresti

in Theopoetic Folds: Philosophizing Multifariousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251551
eISBN:
9780823252985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251551.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores theopoetics and the question of relativity, critically reflecting on the role of theopoetics in philosophy. Addressing whether or not theopoetics can be termed a relativistic ... More


An imperial education

Christopher Prior

in Exporting empire: Africa, colonial officials and the construction of the British imperial state, c.1900−39

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719083686
eISBN:
9781781704998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083686.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter considers metropolitan attitudes and ideas about Africa and empire to which officials were exposed, both via formal training, and British culture more broadly. Such training was marked ... More


The Culturalization of Human Rights Law

Federico Lenzerini

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199664283
eISBN:
9780191748479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664283.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book has the purpose of investigating the impact played by culture in the contemporary dynamics of human rights. It offers a reconceptualization of the debate of universalism vs. cultural ... More


The Long Goodbye from Relativism

Katja Maria Vogt

in Desiring the Good: Ancient Proposals and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190692476
eISBN:
9780190692506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190692476.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 rethinks Protagoras’s Measure Doctrine from a non-relativist, realist perspective. It coins the term Measure Realism, according to which human beings are the measure of what is good for ... More


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