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Regulatory Framework

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter traces the evolution of independent regulation in the electricity sector in India. It summarizes the legal provision regarding the Regulatory Commissions, explains the roles of the ... More


Basic Telecom Services in India: From Monopoly to Oligopoly

Varadharajan Sridhar

in The Telecom Revolution in India: Technology, Regulation, and Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075530
eISBN:
9780199081042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075530.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the specific characteristics of basic telecom services with their unique cost structure, tariff regulation, and their universal service obligations. India embarked on the ... More


The Electricity Act

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with the evolution and key features of the Electricity Act, 2003. It also covers the two sets of amendments to the Act. The perspective that has gone into the making of the Act and ... More


Short-term Electricity Markets

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter covers the legal and policy provisions about the short-term electricity markets in India. It presents the status of implementation of these provisions. Drawing on the data and statistics ... More


Restoration

Robert W. Righter

in The Battle Over Hetch Hetchy: America's Most Controversial Dam and the Birth of Modern Environmentalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195149470
eISBN:
9780199788934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149470.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The defenders of the Hetch Hetchy Valley never considered that it could be restored. Once the dam was constructed they lost interest. However, in 1987 Secretary of the Interior Donald Hodel made the ... More


Big Bang

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the lead up to the ‘Big Bang’ and its effects––the Big Bang refers to the abolition of fixed commissions and the single capacity on 27 October 1986, both of which had been at ... More


A Global and Innovative Regulatory Environment for the U.S. FDA

Howard Sklamberg and Jennifer Devine

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter offers an insider’s view from within FDA, focusing on the way in which the supply chain for therapeutics has become globalized, thrusting FDA into a new world of regulatory challenges. ... More


Commissioning of healthcare through competitive and cooperative mechanisms under the HSCA 2012

Dorota Osipovic, Pauline Allen, Elizabeth Shepherd, Christina Petsoulas, Anna Coleman, Neil Perkins, Lorraine Williams, and Marie Sanderson

in Commissioning Healthcare in England: Evidence, Policy and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447346111
eISBN:
9781447346319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447346111.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 6 reports a longitudinal study of commissioners’ (and providers’) use of competition and cooperation. This chapter reports research which aimed to investigate how commissioners in local ... More


A moral gap? Examining Ireland’s failure to regulate embryonic stem cell research

Ciara Staunton

in Ethical and Legal Debates In Irish Healthcare: Confronting complexities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099465
eISBN:
9781526104410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099465.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses the legal and ethical issues that arise in regulating embryonic stem cell research in Ireland. It outlines three approaches Irish policy makers may take to the difficult ... More


Chamber Voice from the Corn Laws to the Twenty-First Century

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter combines a full analysis of the Parliamentary Papers archive, giving an overview of all chamber parliamentary lobby activity, with detailed assessments of the main campaigns. It shows ... More


Housing and cities: toward what future?

Josef W. Konvitz

in Cities and Crisis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992903
eISBN:
9781526103970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992903.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Problems in housing markets trigged the crisis of 2007-08. Housing policies which treated housing in relation to macro-economic trends and finance failed in many countries. Housing has been used as a ... More


Regulatory governance, risk, and the new security economies

Josef W. Konvitz

in Cities and Crisis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992903
eISBN:
9781526103970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992903.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Governments regulate in response to crises of all kinds. Regulatory policy has emerged as a distinctive field of government in the past 25 years, with standards for cost-benefit analysis, impact ... More


Global Fifth Amendment

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

US legal scholar, Richard Epstein developed a radical legal doctrine of ‘regulatory takings,’ based on the Fifth Amendment of the US Constitution, which revolutionised intergovernmental and ... More


What’s Private About the Free Market?

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The term “free-market” is widely used to connote private commerce that is free of government intervention, yet in reality, such markets do not exist. Almost every major industry depends on some form ... More


Secret Handshake Deals

Natasha Tusikov

in Chokepoints: Global Private Regulation on the Internet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291218
eISBN:
9780520965034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291218.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter sets the scene for the rest of the book by describing the emergence of non-legally binding enforcement agreements among large Internet firms through a series of closed-door meetings. It ... More


New Controversies, New Standards

J. Samuel Walker

in Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223288
eISBN:
9780520924840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the late 1970s, the hazards of low-level radiation became a highly noticeable and a severely debated issue. There is a public debate about the low-level radiation which was triggered by complaints ... More


U.S. Export Controls and Economic Sanctions

Eric L. Hirschhorn, Brian J. Egan, and Edward J. Krauland

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197582411
eISBN:
9780190068295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197582411.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Private International Law

U.S. Export Controls and Economic Sanctions is a must for those who deal with U.S. government export control and economic sanctions regulations. Written as a user’s manual rather than an academic or ... More


The Transatlantic Financial Markets Regulatory Dialogue

Hans-Jürgen Hellwig

in Corporate Governance in Context: Corporations, States, and Markets in Europe, Japan, and the US

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199290703
eISBN:
9780191700576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290703.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Until rather recently, only a few insiders knew of the Transatlantic Financial Markets Regulatory Dialogue and what it is about. This dialogue became more widely known only when Alexander Schaub, ... More


Increases in Size and Bank Default Risk: Evidence from European Bank Mergers

Jens Hagendorff

in Size, Risk, and Governance in European Banking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199694891
eISBN:
9780191748820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694891.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter analyzes the implications of European bank consolidation on the default risk of acquiring banks. For a sample of 134 bidding banks, we employ the Merton distance to default model to show ... More


Regulating Financial Planners: Assessing the Current System and Some Alternatives 1

Jason Bromberg and Alicia P. Cackley

in The Market for Retirement Financial Advice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683772
eISBN:
9780191763359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683772.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter reviews US federal and state regulation of financial planners, and it also addresses concerns related to consumer confusion over the standards of care that planners provide and the ... More


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