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 Unanswerable Questions, Questionable Answers: Justifying Ritual Circumcision

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Most contemporary literature on circumcision by Orthodox and Reform Jews resorts either to talmudic-style interpretations, mystical explanations, or vaguely “spiritual” justifications for the ... More


 “Trembling of the Hands”: Radical Challenges in a Pivotal Century

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Nineteenth-century German Jews — their way of life transformed by modernity — debated whether circumcision was an appropriate practice for adherents of the new Jewish “enlightenment” and Reform ... More


The First Modern Jew: Berthold Auerbach’s (1837) and the Beginnings of an Image

Daniel B. Schwartz

in The First Modern Jew: Spinoza and the History of an Image

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142913
eISBN:
9781400842261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142913.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter skips ahead fifty years from the previous chapter to find the roots of the heroic and prototypical image of Spinoza in the historical fiction of the young Berthold Auerbach (1812–1882), ... More


Between Religion and Ethnicity: Zionism and Reform Judaism before the First World War

Nadia Malinovich

in French and Jewish: Culture and the Politics of Identity in Early-Twentieth Century France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113409
eISBN:
9781800342637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113409.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the beginnings of the Zionist movement and Reform Judaism in France. It provides a close study of the activities and publications of the Fédération Sioniste de France, which ... More


Reform

Louis Jacobs

in Beyond Reasonable Doubt

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774587
eISBN:
9781800340305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774587.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter highlights Reform Judaism that began in nineteenth-century Germany. It mentions the three most prominent Reform thinkers: Zacharias Frankel, Abraham Geiger, and Samuel Holdheim. Frankel, ... More


The Birth of Jewish Denominations in Modernity and Their Divergent Views on Jewish Law

Roberta Rosenthal Kwall

in The Myth of the Cultural Jew: Culture and Law in Jewish Tradition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195373707
eISBN:
9780190226589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373707.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Comparative Law

Chapter 4 grapples with the intractable questions of what is “authentic” Judaism in modernity and who gets to make this determination. It focuses on the European origins of the various modern ... More


Religious Pluralism in American Judaism

Deborah Dash Moore

in Gods in America: Religious Pluralism in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199931903
eISBN:
9780199345779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931903.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

What makes the American experience particularly interesting for Jews involves the structure it provides for religious pluralism within Judaism together with a framework for situating Jews and their ... More


The Birth of Conservative Judaism: Solomon Schechter's Disciples and the Creation of an American Religious Movement

Michael Cohen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156356
eISBN:
9780231526777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156356.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Solomon Schechter (1847–1915), the charismatic leader of New York's Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS), came to America in 1902 intent on revitalizing traditional Judaism. While he advocated a return ... More


American Judaism

Alan T. Levenson

in The Columbia Guide to Religion in American History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231140201
eISBN:
9780231530781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231140201.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter charts the origins of Judaism in America. In the early twentieth century, American Jews imported and developed a variety of surrogate ideologies—Yiddishism, socialism, Unionism, and ... More


Religious Conflicts and Congruity

Amy Hill Shevitz

in Jewish Communities on the Ohio River: A History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124308
eISBN:
9780813134932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124308.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the different debates over the direction of American Judaism. These debates reflected the internal struggle to respond to modernity that had engaged Jews in the Western world ... More


Protestant Promoters and Jewish Eugenics

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter continues the discussion of religious enthusiasts of eugenics by tracing the support the movement garnered from prominent Protestants such as Rev. Newell Dwight Hillis of Plymouth ... More


Creating American Reform Judaism: Life and Times of Isaac Mayer Wise

Sefton D. Temkin

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774457
eISBN:
9781800340930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774457.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Isaac Mayer Wise (1819–1900), founder of the major institutions of Reform Judaism in America, was a man of his time — a pioneer in a pioneer’s world. When he came to America from his childhood ... More


Setting the Scene: The Jewish Landscape

Lindsey Taylor-Guthartz

in Challenge and Conformity: The Religious Lives of Orthodox Jewish Women

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781786941718
eISBN:
9781800852143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941718.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the historical and sociological context of Orthodox Jewish women in London, and applies concepts of community to analyse the religious geography of Orthodox Jews in Britain. The ... More


Reform Moves On: The Pittsburgh Platform

Sefton D. Temkin

in Creating American Reform Judaism: Life and Times of Isaac Mayer Wise

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774457
eISBN:
9781800340930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774457.003.0045
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter considers the event which thrust Wise unequivocally into the camp of Reform — namely the Pittsburgh Platform of 1885. Reference to Wise’s own writings fails to establish a rationale for ... More


Reforming Judaism, Defending the Family: Jews in Catholic–Liberal Conflicts at Midcentury

Ari Joskowicz

in The Modernity of Others: Jewish Anti-Catholicism in Germany and France

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804787024
eISBN:
9780804788403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787024.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Chapter Four moves to the period of the 1840s, and brings together an analysis of a reinvigorated Jewish reform movement in Germany and campaigns to protect Jewish women from the seduction of ... More


Revolution and Reform: The Antebellum Jewish Abolitionists

Jayme A. Sokolow

in Jews and the Civil War: A Reader

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740910
eISBN:
9780814786796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740910.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the Jews' opposition to slavery and their participation in antebellum America's most controversial reform: abolitionism. It first looks at two groups of Jews who migrated to ... More


Textualism

Zev Eleff

in Who Rules the Synagogue?: Religious Authority and the Formation of American Judaism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190490270
eISBN:
9780190490294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190490270.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter investigates the role of Jewish texts in the rabbinic uprising against the American Jewish laity. More than any other work, the reformed prayer book emerged as the most effective tool in ... More


The Legacy

Sefton D. Temkin

in Creating American Reform Judaism: Life and Times of Isaac Mayer Wise

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774457
eISBN:
9781800340930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774457.003.0049
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter considers Isaac Mayer Wise’s legacy to the Jews of America, as well as events in the aftermath of his death. In time, America’s powerful industrial society homogenized the American ... More


Beyond Reasonable Doubt

Louis Jacobs

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774587
eISBN:
9781800340305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774587.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

More than forty years have passed since the author first put forward the argument that traditionally observant Jews have no reason to take issue with the results obtained by the historical critics in ... More


A New American Jewish World

Sefton D. Temkin

in Creating American Reform Judaism: Life and Times of Isaac Mayer Wise

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774457
eISBN:
9781800340930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774457.003.0046
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter shows how the battles over the Pittsburgh Platform were being fought over a terrain which other factors were already transforming. Large-scale migration from Eastern Europe had begun. ... More


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