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The Geneva Conventions of 1949

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the systematic review of the Geneva side of the law which issued in the four Geneva Conventions of the summer of 1949. It notes that the review is discreetly orchestrated by ... More


The Amateurs Try their Hand: The Provision of Relief Parcels, 1940–1941

Neville Wylie

in Barbed Wire Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, and the Politics of Prisoners of War 1939-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547593
eISBN:
9780191720581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547593.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter addresses the ‘parcels crisis’ of 1940–41 and shows how the collapse of the supply of relief parcels to German POW camps after the fall of France galvanized the prisoners and their ... More


Linking to Public Health Nursing the Red Cross Way, 1919 to 1930

Christine Ardalan

in The Public Health Nurses of Jim Crow Florida

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813066158
eISBN:
9780813058368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066158.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the influence of the Red Cross Nursing Service in Florida after World War I when the American Red Cross focused on public health nursing. Central leadership from its Washington, ... More


Making the Geneva Conventions

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the major laws that form part of the making of the Geneva Conventions. It discusses the appurtenant laws and organizations that promote protection of civilians. It notes that ... More


Good Citizens of a World Power: Postwar Reconfigurations of the Obligation to Give

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

In times of crisis, domestic or international, the capacity of American government has been enhanced by the large-scale mobilization of civic benevolence. Although the New Deal is often envisioned as ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Tracing Services

Jenny Edkins

in Missing: Persons and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450297
eISBN:
9780801462795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450297.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the official and unofficial tracing services that were set up in Europe in the aftermath of World War II as well as the tensions and disagreements that the demand to trace the ... More


The Expansible Nation-State

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Civic Gifts: Voluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226559360
eISBN:
9780226670973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Over the first decades of the twentieth century, this model of urban governance was harnessed to unprecedented crises, both local and international. The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake inspired a ... More


Humanitarian Practice and the Laws of War

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the law of armed conflict or the doctrine of ‘belligerent equality’ which applies equally to all parties to an armed conflict, whether or not the international community ... More


The Spread of Humanitarian Culture Across Borders

Shai M. Dromi

in Above the Fray: The Red Cross and the Making of the Humanitarian NGO Sector

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680101
eISBN:
9780226680385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680385.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The international Red Cross movement emerged at a period of rising nationalism in politics and culture, and yet the movement spread across borders with considerable ease. This chapter examines how ... More


Mobilizing a Volunteer Army

Julia F. Irwin

in Making the World Safe: The American Red Cross and a Nation's Humanitarian Awakening

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199766406
eISBN:
9780190254469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199766406.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the American Red Cross's (ARC) phenomenal growth between 1917 and 1918. It shows how the ARC's leaders sold the organization to the U.S. public and worked to define foreign ... More


The multiplication of Una

Kathryn Walls

in God's only daughter: Spenser's Una as the invisible Church

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780719090370
eISBN:
9781781706510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090370.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Once the independent trajectories of Una and Red Cross have coincided, Una is reflected in her companions. Arthur, too, epitomizes and signifies the invisible Church. As such, he becomes instrumental ... More


Whitehall and British Pows

Arieh J. Kochavi

in Confronting Captivity: Britain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829400
eISBN:
9781469603636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876404_kochavi.6
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the living conditions in German camps where British prisoners of war (POWs) were held captive during World War II, the way the POWs were treated by the Germans, and the ... More


“Everything but Government Submarines”: Limits of a Semi-governmental System

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Civic Gifts: Voluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226559360
eISBN:
9780226670973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The mobilization for the First World War had been organized through a powerful configuration of voluntary associations and national agencies. After the war, what use could be made of these ... More


The People’s Partnership

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Civic Gifts: Voluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226559360
eISBN:
9780226670973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The mobilization for World War Two activated many of the public-private configurations that had been so important in the First World War. Yet there were questions of the actual contribution of all ... More


The Laws of War from Early Modern Times to the Second World War: An Essay on the Essentials

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the three world wars (counting that of 1792–1815 as the first) and the extraordinary political circumstances that have accompanied them. It notes that this chapter is to some ... More


The Spread of Humanitarian Logics into New Domains

Shai M. Dromi

in Above the Fray: The Red Cross and the Making of the Humanitarian NGO Sector

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680101
eISBN:
9780226680385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680385.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The nascent transnational humanitarian field relied in many ways on actors in other fields who affirmed its importance and independence, such as legal scholars, nursing professionals, and ... More


Militarizing Schools, Mobilizing Students

Randall Curren and Charles Dorn

in Patriotic Education in a Global Age

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226552255
eISBN:
9780226552422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226552422.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

Chapter 3 investigates the history of militarizing schooling and the mobilization of public education in response to war. U.S. involvement in the Spanish-American War and WWI led to the establishment ... More


A Summing Up

Geoffrey Charles Emerson

in Hong Kong Internment, 1942-1945: Life in the Japanese Civilian Camp at Stanley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098800
eISBN:
9789882206977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098800.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides a summary description of the life and conditions experienced by internees in the Stanley camp. It notes that no one starved to death, and the fact remains that every day of ... More


Rebuilding Europe

Julia F. Irwin

in Making the World Safe: The American Red Cross and a Nation's Humanitarian Awakening

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199766406
eISBN:
9780190254469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199766406.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the American Red Cross's (ARC) civilian relief efforts in Europe after the Great War. It considers how ARC leaders redirected the majority of their funds and personnel to ... More


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