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The Geneva Conventions of 1949

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the systematic review of the Geneva side of the law which issued in the four Geneva Conventions of the summer of 1949. It notes that the review is discreetly orchestrated by ... More


The Amateurs Try their Hand: The Provision of Relief Parcels, 1940–1941

Neville Wylie

in Barbed Wire Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, and the Politics of Prisoners of War 1939-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547593
eISBN:
9780191720581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547593.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter addresses the ‘parcels crisis’ of 1940–41 and shows how the collapse of the supply of relief parcels to German POW camps after the fall of France galvanized the prisoners and their ... More


Good Citizens of a World Power: Postwar Reconfigurations of the Obligation to Give

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

In times of crisis, domestic or international, the capacity of American government has been enhanced by the large-scale mobilization of civic benevolence. Although the New Deal is often envisioned as ... More


Making the Geneva Conventions

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the major laws that form part of the making of the Geneva Conventions. It discusses the appurtenant laws and organizations that promote protection of civilians. It notes that ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Tracing Services

Jenny Edkins

in Missing: Persons and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450297
eISBN:
9780801462795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450297.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the official and unofficial tracing services that were set up in Europe in the aftermath of World War II as well as the tensions and disagreements that the demand to trace the ... More


The multiplication of Una

Kathryn Walls

in God's only daughter: Spenser's Una as the invisible Church

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780719090370
eISBN:
9781781706510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090370.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Once the independent trajectories of Una and Red Cross have coincided, Una is reflected in her companions. Arthur, too, epitomizes and signifies the invisible Church. As such, he becomes instrumental ... More


Humanitarian Practice and the Laws of War

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the law of armed conflict or the doctrine of ‘belligerent equality’ which applies equally to all parties to an armed conflict, whether or not the international community ... More


Militarizing Schools, Mobilizing Students

Randall Curren and Charles Dorn

in Patriotic Education in a Global Age

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226552255
eISBN:
9780226552422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226552422.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

Chapter 3 investigates the history of militarizing schooling and the mobilization of public education in response to war. U.S. involvement in the Spanish-American War and WWI led to the establishment ... More


Mobilizing a Volunteer Army

Julia F. Irwin

in Making the World Safe: The American Red Cross and a Nation's Humanitarian Awakening

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199766406
eISBN:
9780190254469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199766406.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the American Red Cross's (ARC) phenomenal growth between 1917 and 1918. It shows how the ARC's leaders sold the organization to the U.S. public and worked to define foreign ... More


Blood donors in the Soviet Union and other countries

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter focuses on blood donors in the Soviet Union and other countries. About half of all blood supplies in the Soviet Union are obtained from unpaid donors at factories, offices, colleges and ... More


Kentucky Joins the Great War

David J. Bettez

in Kentucky and the Great War: World War I on the Home Front

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813168012
eISBN:
9780813168784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168012.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter covers the commonwealth’s response to World War I and efforts to support the war after the United States entered it in April 1917. It describes support from newspaper editors Henry ... More


Wartime Rumors: Red Cross as Rebel Cross and Other Figures of the Collective Imagination

Mariane C. Ferme

in Out of War: Violence, Trauma, and the Political Imagination in Sierra Leone

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520294370
eISBN:
9780520967526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294370.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

The circulation of wartime rumors frames the history and experiences of particular conflicts, as well as widely shared popular anxieties that mark turning points and critical events—transitions that ... More


A Summing Up

Geoffrey Charles Emerson

in Hong Kong Internment, 1942-1945: Life in the Japanese Civilian Camp at Stanley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098800
eISBN:
9789882206977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098800.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides a summary description of the life and conditions experienced by internees in the Stanley camp. It notes that no one starved to death, and the fact remains that every day of ... More


Military medicine in transition: Mesopotamia, June 1916–November 1918

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

From 1916 the very dismal medical situation in Mesopotamia began to improve due to a massive injection of manpower and resources and a wholesale change of command. The headquarters staff in ... More


Whitehall and British Pows

Arieh J. Kochavi

in Confronting Captivity: Britain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829400
eISBN:
9781469603636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876404_kochavi.6
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the living conditions in German camps where British prisoners of war (POWs) were held captive during World War II, the way the POWs were treated by the Germans, and the ... More


Building strengths in asylum-seeker communities in Australia

Lis de Vries, Mohita Roman, and Linda Briskman

in Community Organising Against Racism: Race', Ethnicity and Community Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447333746
eISBN:
9781447333791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333746.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

For many years, the Australian Red Cross (Red Cross) has delivered high-quality, strengths-based individualised casework services. In the last few years, on-going consultation with asylum seekers and ... More


The Laws of War from Early Modern Times to the Second World War: An Essay on the Essentials

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the three world wars (counting that of 1792–1815 as the first) and the extraordinary political circumstances that have accompanied them. It notes that this chapter is to some ... More


Revising the Geneva Conventions, 1946–49: Synthesizing the Old and New Justice

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

“New justice” ideas concerning the validity of post-war prosecution entered the revision of the Geneva Conventions in an expected way. The International Committee of the Red Cross was not willing ... More


Channeling Womanpower: Maternalism and World War I Mobilization

Lynn Dumenil

in The Second Line of Defense: American Women and World War I

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631219
eISBN:
9781469631233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631219.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines women's voluntary associations' role in mobilization. It examining the Women's Committee of the Council of National Defense, the Young Women's Christian Association, the Woman's ... More


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