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The Rise of Federal Credit Programs

Sarah L. Quinn

in American Bonds: How Credit Markets Shaped a Nation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691156750
eISBN:
9780691185613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156750.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the expansion of credit programs in the New Deal, showing that it was the key moment when credit support came fully into its role as a multipurpose tool of statecraft. The New ... More


Treasury Finance during the Great Depression

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the impact of the Great Depression on Treasury tax receipts, federal expenditure policies, and Treasury indebtedness. The discussions cover Britain’s departure from the gold ... More


The New Deal

Price Fishback

in Government & The American Economy: A New History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226251271
eISBN:
9780226251295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Great Depression encouraged drastic changes in the landscape of government and the economy in the United States. Citing a peacetime emergency, the administration under President Franklin D. ... More


How to Restructure Failed Banking Systems: Lessons from the United States in the 1930s and Japan in the 1990s

Charles W. Calomiris and Joseph R. Mason

in Governance, Regulation, and Privatization in the Asia-Pacific Region

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386799
eISBN:
9780226386966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386966.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the policy issues arising from distressed banks: should they be rescued? On what terms should resources be transferred to banks? What lessons can be drawn from the experiences ... More


Off-Budget and Decentralized

Sarah L. Quinn

in American Bonds: How Credit Markets Shaped a Nation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691156750
eISBN:
9780691185613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156750.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines the growth of credit programs from the Second World War through the postwar era. This period saw a surge in wartime credit, the end of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation ... More


Government and Women’s Business Ownership

Edith Sparks

in Boss Lady: How Three Women Entrepreneurs Built Successful Big Businesses in the Mid-Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469633022
eISBN:
9781469633046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633022.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Lewis, Beech and Rudkin all took advantage of government opportunities and actively resisted its intrusions, and this was essential to their success. Close examination of the World War II and Korean ... More


Treasury Debt Management during the Great Contraction

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter traces the evolution of Treasury debt management actions between 1930 and early 1933. It first examines the outlook for debt management in the second half of 1930. It then describes how ... More


Nemesis: The Universal Banking Model Failed During the Banking Crises of the Great Depression

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Banking crises occurred on both sides of the Atlantic during the Great Depression. Troubled universal banks were at the center of each crisis. The first U.S. banking crisis in late 1930 was caused by ... More


Reckoning: Universal Banks Were Discredited by the Pecora Investigation and Abolished by the Glass-Steagall Act

Arthur E. Wilmarth Jr. Jr.

in Taming the Megabanks: Why We Need a New Glass-Steagall Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190260705
eISBN:
9780190260736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190260705.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In March 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt declared a national bank holiday and persuaded Congress to approve emergency measures to revive the U.S. banking system. Those measures included capital ... More


Senator Barkley from Depression to the Announcement of a New Deal

James K. Libbey

in Alben Barkley: A Life in Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167138
eISBN:
9780813167831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167138.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1930 Barkley attended the Inter-Parliamentary Union meeting in London and then joined colleagues in visiting the Soviet Union. They were intrigued by the Soviet Five-Year Plan of industrialization ... More


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