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Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Reasons and the Humean Theory

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the Humean Theory of Reasons by reference to the case of Ronnie, who likes to dance, and Bradley, who can't stand dancing. Given this difference in their psychologies, Ronnie ... More


Parfit's Case against Subjectivism 1

David Sobel

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Derek Parfit, in On What Matters, argues that all subjective accounts of normative reasons for action are false. This chapter focuses on his “Agony Argument.” The first premise of the Agony Argument ... More


The Desert Island

Tom Conley

in Deleuze and Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748618743
eISBN:
9780748671762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618743.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the import of a piece of Deleuze's juvenilia, Causes et raisons des î les désertes (Causes and Reasons of Desert Islands), which only recently became the principle title of the ... More


Ethics and Existence: The Legacy of Derek Parfit

Jeff McMahan, Tim Campbell, James Goodrich, and Ketan Ramakrishnan (eds)

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192894250
eISBN:
9780191915314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894250.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Derek Parfit, who died in 2017, is widely believed to have been the best moral philosopher in well over a century. The twenty new essays in this book were written in his honour and have all been ... More


Conclusion: Screening Emotion, Archiving Affect, Circulating Feelings: Final Thoughts and Even More Questions

Melissa Ames

in Small Screen, Big Feels: Television and Cultural Anxiety in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780813180069
eISBN:
9780813180076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813180069.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Considering the ways in recent television shows (e.g. 13 Reasons Why, Blackish, Grey's Anatomy, Roseanne) engaged with societal debates concerning gun control, immigration, police brutality, and ... More


Introduction

Mark Schroeder

in Reasons First

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198868224
eISBN:
9780191904745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198868224.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 introduces the project and central questions of Reasons First. After motivating and placing into context the idea of reasons first, which says that reasons play a fundamental and ... More


The Normative Significance of Human Beings

L. Nandi Theunissen

in The Value of Humanity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198832645
eISBN:
9780191871207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832645.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter addresses classic Moorean challenges to relational value with a focus on worries about normativity. The author rejects the suggestion that personal value—whatever is good for one person ... More


Introduction: Reasons Responsiveness, the Reasons Program, and Knowledge-First

Errol Lord

in The Importance of Being Rational

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815099
eISBN:
9780191852916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815099.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces and motivates the main thesis of the book. This is a view of rationality called Reasons Responsiveness, which holds that what it is to be rational is to correctly respond to ... More


Desegregation of Southern Catholic Institutions, 1945–1970

Mark Newman

in Desegregating Dixie: The Catholic Church in the South and Desegregation, 1945-1992

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496818867
eISBN:
9781496818904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496818867.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Many of the values that led southern Catholic leaders to support secular desegregation also led them to desegregate Catholic institutions. In some cases, particularly in parts of the peripheral ... More


Bedouin Israelites in the Hebrew Bible

Clinton Bailey

in Bedouin Culture in the Bible

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300121827
eISBN:
9780300245639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121827.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter explores the question of what the abundance of Bedouin culture in the Bible tells us about the possibility that the ancient Israelites who were depicted there as nomads were indeed that. ... More


In Praise of Desire

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Praise of Desire aims to show that ordinary desires belong at the heart of moral psychology. It has three core theses, adding up to a doctrine it calls Spare Conativism. These are (1) ... More


The Principle of Sufficient Autonomy

Liam Shields

in Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that we should adopt a sufficientarian view of how autonomy should be promoted. The chapter considers egalitarian and prioritarian principles for promoting autonomy and considers ... More


Reasons-Responsiveness, Agents, and Mechanisms 1

Michael McKenna

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199694853
eISBN:
9780191757792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694853.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some compatibilists are attracted to a theory which accounts for freedom in terms of sensitivity to reasons. But reasons-responsiveness appears to conflict with another common compatibilist thesis: ... More


Situationism and Moral Responsibility: Free Will in Fragments

Manuel Vargas

in Decomposing the Will

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199746996
eISBN:
9780199332502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746996.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many prominent accounts of free will and moral responsibility make use of the idea that agents can be responsive to reasons. Call such theories "Reasons" accounts. This chapter considers the ... More


Travelling Adventures: Migration as an Existential Quest

Inka Stock

in Time, Migration and Forced Immobility: Sub-Saharan African Migrants in Morocco

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529201970
eISBN:
9781529202014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201970.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on migrants’ journeys from their countries of origin to Morocco. The text analyses how phases of mobility and immobility are interdependent parts of the complex migration ... More


Why Be An Internalist About Reasons?

Julia Markovits

in Moral Reason

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199567171
eISBN:
9780191758966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567171.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that despite the failure of the standard arguments for internalism, there is a version of the internalist thesis that we should accept: on this view, facts give us reasons when ... More


The Humean Theory of Reasons

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a methodological argument for the Humean Theory of Reasons, according to which something is a reason for someone to do something only if it is related to her desires in the right ... More


From the Bottom Up: Selected Essays

Kent Greenawalt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199756162
eISBN:
9780190608897
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756162.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Containing essays published in various journals, this book covers a range of topics, notably political philosophy, legal philosophy, standards of legal interpretation, sensible legal approaches to ... More


Fifth Study: A Skein of Voices

Nikhil Govind

in Inlays of Subjectivity: Affect and Action in Modern Indian Literature

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199498727
eISBN:
9780199098354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199498727.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The fifth and last chapter gathers together the threads of the previous chapters’ meditations on subjectivity—a subjectivity that may first be triggered by a sense of injustice, subjectivity that is ... More


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