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Ideology and Futurology in Early 20th-Century Britain: Wells, Haldane, Bernal, and Their Critics

Peter J. Bowler

in Defending the Faith: Global Histories of Apologetics and Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197266915
eISBN:
9780191938177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266915.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter studies the response of rationalist writers to the claims of theologians arguing that their ideology lacked any sense of a wider purpose to human life. It is argued that to replace the ... More


The Realm of Reason

Christopher Peacocke

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his The Realm of Reason, the author proposes a theory that states the conditions under which a thinker can be said to be entitled to form a given belief. The author's ‘Generalised Rationalism’ is ... More


Historical and Cultural Background

Halina Goldberg

in Music in Chopin's Warsaw

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195130737
eISBN:
9780199867424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130737.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter outlines the history of Poland from the final loss of independence in 1795 to the November Uprising of 1830. Cultural developments taking place during the periods of the Duchy of Warsaw ... More


Rationalism: Between Relativism and Religion

Carlo Invernizzi Accetti

in Relativism and Religion: Why Democratic Societies Do Not Need Moral Absolutes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170789
eISBN:
9780231540377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170789.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter critically discusses what is likely to be the dominant response to the religious discourse of anti-relativism within the field of contemporary political theory, focusing in particular on ... More


Either/Or: Jacobi's Attack on the Moderate Enlightenment

Michah Gottlieb

in Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn's Theological-Political Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195398946
eISBN:
9780199894499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398946.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes of Jacobi's critique of Mendelssohn's moderate religious enlightenment. For Jacobi, the very structure of reason is inimical to freedom and undermines individuality since reason ... More


The Problem of Secret Intelligence

Kjetil Anders Hatlebrekke

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780748691838
eISBN:
9781474465304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691838.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Why is intelligence so hard to define? Why is there no systematic or adequate theory of intelligence? This book argues that classic intelligence production has been premised on an ill-founded belief ... More


Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency

Menachem Fisch

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514482
eISBN:
9780226514659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514659.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Creatively Undecided offers a new way to look at how scientific understandings change. Thomas Kuhn has shown us how scientific practice and thinking depends on the normative framework in which it is ... More


Giving a Damn: Essays in Dialogue with John Haugeland

Zed Adams and Jacob Browning (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035248
eISBN:
9780262335850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035248.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In his work, the philosopher John Haugeland (1945–2010) proposed a radical expansion of philosophy’s conceptual toolkit, calling for a wider range of resources for understanding the mind, the world, ... More


English Calvinism in a New Era

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744831
eISBN:
9780199897339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter provides foundation and context for the Calvinist thinkers analyzed in later chapters. Calvinism and the Reformed Tradition are defined, and the relative merits of the terms assessed, ... More


Traditionalism and Black Theodicy

Sherman A. Jackson

in Islam and the Problem of Black Suffering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382068
eISBN:
9780199852437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382068.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the early development and basic features of Traditionalist theology and its possible influence on black theodicy in the U.S. Traditionalism developed in opposition to the ... More


Self-Knowledge for Humans

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199657575
eISBN:
9780191793110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657575.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Rationalism about self-knowledge, of the kind elaborated and defended by writers such as Moran and Boyle, is an account of self-knowledge for an ideally rational homo philosophicus rather than for ... More


Introduction: once more, with feeling

Simon Mussell

in Critical Theory and Feeling: The Affective Politics of the Early Frankfurt School

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526105707
eISBN:
9781526132253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The introduction sets out the book’s aims and objectives in relation to the predominant legacies of political philosophy. The author shows how rationalist principles have formed the backbone of ... More


Dante and the Falasifa:: Religion as Imagination

Gregory B. Stone

in Dante and Islam

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263868
eISBN:
9780823266302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263868.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Through a discussion of the central cantos of Purgatorio, this essay shows that Dante’s view on the relation between philosophy and religion is consonant with that of the Islamic rationalists (e.g. ... More


Introduction: The Question Concerning Technology and Romanticism

Mark Coeckelbergh

in New Romantic Cyborgs: Romanticism, Information Technology, and the End of the Machine

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035460
eISBN:
9780262343084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035460.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The introduction explains that the main argument and narrative of this book is that technology and romanticism are not in opposition to each other. The literature of the philosophy of technology ... More


Epistemology

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at epistemology, the Causal Objection, the Validity Argument, and epistemic beliefs. According to the Causal Objection, since non-natural normative properties or truths could not ... More


Wingless wondering: modernism and the Ramsey ‘system’

John Hughson

in England and the 1966 World Cup: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096150
eISBN:
9781526115331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096150.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter focuses on football, presenting a case study of the 1966 World Cup Final. Of key interest is the playing strategy or the ‘system’ devised by England manager Alf Ramsey. An analysis of ... More


Introduction: Progressive Hubris and the Post-Historical Moment

David Martin Jones

in History's Fools: The Pursuit of Idealism and the Revenge of Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197510612
eISBN:
9780197520765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510612.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The introduction outlines the question this work addresses. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact between 1989-92, it was ubiquitously held in the western media, business, ... More


“They Won’t Believe What I Say”: Theorizing Freedom as an Economy of Violence

Regis M. Fox

in Resistance Reimagined: Black Women's Critical Thought as Survival

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056586
eISBN:
9780813053431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056586.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

“‘They Won’t Believe What I Say’: Theorizing Freedom as an Economy of Violence” analyzes Harriet Wilson’s Our Nig (1859) in which Wilson exposes the coerciveness of imbricated discourses of ... More


Introduction

Nathan Coombs

in History and Event: From Marxism to Contemporary French Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748698998
eISBN:
9781474416047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698998.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the science of history has been misrepresented by postmodernists as a monolithic relic of modernity. If history and event are seen not as binary opposites but as a ... More


The Law of the Indifferent Middle

Noëlle Vahanian

in The Rebellious No: Variations on a Secular Theology of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256952
eISBN:
9780823261444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256952.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter makes the case for the ethical worth of secular theology of language. To think theologically is to question one’s assumptions, to refuse the posture of certainty, to recognize that no ... More


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