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The Exegetical Jerusalem: Maps and Plans for Ezekiel Chapters 40–48

Catherine Delano-Smith

in Imagining Jerusalem in the Medieval West

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265048
eISBN:
9780191754159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265048.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Drawing for explanation flourished in the medieval West in biblical exegesis. Some Christian and Jewish scholars, holding that the literal meaning of the holy scriptures had to be established before ... More


The Imaginary Jerusalem of Nicholas of Lyra

Lesley Smith

in Imagining Jerusalem in the Medieval West

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265048
eISBN:
9780191754159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265048.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Manuscripts and early printed copies of Nicholas of Lyra's influential biblical commentary, the Postilla litteralis et moralis in totam bibliam, were made to include a series of around forty ... More


Luther's German Bible

Helen Kraus

in Gender Issues in Ancient and Reformation Translations of Genesis 1-4

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199600786
eISBN:
9780191731563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600786.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Church History

An Augustinian monk, Luther was, like Jerome, determined to control his youthful libido by taking a vow of celibacy, but eventually broke this in order to marry Katharine, a former nun. His writings ... More


Isaac On Jewish and Christian Altars: Polemic and Exegesis in Rashi and the Glossa Ordinaria

Devorah Schoenfeld

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823243495
eISBN:
9780823243532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243495.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

“Isaac on Jewish and Christian Altars” offers an in-depth examination of two of the most influential Christian and Jewish Bible commentaries of the High Middle Ages. The Glossa Ordinaria and Rashi's ... More


Maimonides’ Counting of the Commandments

Reuven Firestone

in Holy War in Judaism: The Fall and Rise of a Controversial Idea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860302
eISBN:
9780199950621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860302.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter treats the generally meagre discussion among medieval Jews about holy war. While little is added to the discussion outside of Maimonides, that great medieval polymath develops a ... More


Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonization and Resistance in the Reception of a Jewish Classic

Eric Lawee

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190937836
eISBN:
9780190937867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937836.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah explores the reception history of the most important Jewish Bible commentary ever composed, the Commentary on the Torah of Rashi (Shlomo Yitzhaki, 1040–1105). The ... More


The Historical-Critical Reading of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

Marc Zvi Brettler, Peter Enns, and Daniel J. Harrington, S.J.

in The Bible and the Believer: How to Read the Bible Critically and Religiously

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199863006
eISBN:
9780199979967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199863006.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The jointly authored introduction defines biblical criticism (or the historical-critical method) broadly as the process of establishing the original, contextual meaning of biblical texts and of ... More


Pseudo-Rashi’s Commentary on Genesis Rabba

Benjamin Williams

in Commentary on Midrash Rabba in the Sixteenth Century: The Or ha-Sekhel of Abraham ben Asher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198759232
eISBN:
9780191819858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759232.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Abraham ben Asher collated the text of a medieval commentary on Genesis Rabba attributed to Rashi from two differing manuscripts and published it alongside his own interpretations in the ʾOr ... More


The Developing Jewish-Christian Polemic

Devorah Schoenfeld

in Isaac On Jewish and Christian Altars: Polemic and Exegesis in Rashi and the Glossa Ordinaria

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823243495
eISBN:
9780823243532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243495.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In the late eleventh and early twelfth century Christian anti-Jewish polemic began to intensify and was met with a Jewish response in Hebrew Crusade narratives and in Hebrew Bible commentaries. This ... More


Rashi and His Sources

Devorah Schoenfeld

in Isaac On Jewish and Christian Altars: Polemic and Exegesis in Rashi and the Glossa Ordinaria

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823243495
eISBN:
9780823243532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243495.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter shows how Rashi draws selectively on a range of midrashic sources (including Genesis Rabbah and Midrash Tanchuma) and adapts them by truncating and rearranging them to create a ... More


Isaac on Jewish and Christian Altars: Polemic, Faith, and Sacrifice in Rashi and the Gloss on Genesis 22

Devorah Schoenfeld

in Isaac On Jewish and Christian Altars: Polemic and Exegesis in Rashi and the Glossa Ordinaria

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823243495
eISBN:
9780823243532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243495.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Both Rashi and the Gloss read the near-sacrifice of Isaac polemically, in a way that uses the story of Abraham as evidence for the greatness of Abraham—representing their own faiths—over “other” ... More


A Christianized Sephardic Critique of Rashi’s Peshaṭ in Pablo de Santa María’s Additiones ad Postillam Nicolai de Lyra

Yosi Yisraeli

in Medieval Exegesis and Religious Difference: Commentary, Conflict, and Community in the Premodern Mediterranean

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264629
eISBN:
9780823266821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264629.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter takes up the convert Pablo de Santa María’s responses (Additiones) to Nicholas of Lyra’s Postillam to the Bible. Although many critics have tried to summarize Santa María’s exegetical ... More


Concepts of Scripture in the School of Rashi

Robert A. Harris

in Jewish Concepts of Scripture: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740620
eISBN:
9780814724798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740620.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter begins with Rashi's (Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac) Torah commentary about the definition of a “Jewish conception of Scripture.” These Bible and Talmud commentaries provide a blend of ancient, ... More


Rabbinic and Medieval Judaism

Susan Gillingham

in A Journey of Two Psalms: The Reception of Psalms 1 and 2 in Jewish and Christian Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199652419
eISBN:
9780191766053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652419.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Chapter 4 assesses the use of Psalms 1 and 2 in rabbinic and medieval Judaism: in the Babylonian Talmud, where the two psalms are read as one; in the Aramaic Targum, where each psalm serves to define ... More


Dying for Others or Dying for God?: The Original Jewish Debate over Religious Martyrdom

James A. Diamond

in Jewish Theology Unbound

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198805694
eISBN:
9780191843648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805694.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the place of martyrdom in Judaism. It offers a close reading of the narrative in Leviticus 10 centering on the deaths of Aaron’s sons at the dedication of the Tabernacle in the ... More


Introduction: Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah: Canonical and Classic

Eric Lawee

in Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonization and Resistance in the Reception of a Jewish Classic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190937836
eISBN:
9780190937867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937836.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Commentary on the Torah by Solomon ben Isaac (1040–1105)—also known as Shlomo Yitzhaki, or Rashi—stands out as the most widely studied and influential Hebrew Bible commentary of all time. This ... More


Conundrums of the Commentary: Contours of a Classic

Eric Lawee

in Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonization and Resistance in the Reception of a Jewish Classic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190937836
eISBN:
9780190937867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937836.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Rashi’s Commentary evokes a number of challenges and perplexities, beginning with the fact that it has experienced more textual vicissitudes than any other medieval Jewish work. In addition, the ... More


Rashi’s Commentary: Receptions, 1105–1527

Eric Lawee

in Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonization and Resistance in the Reception of a Jewish Classic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190937836
eISBN:
9780190937867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937836.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Commentary’s medieval reception unfolded in diverse centers of Jewish life and across a strikingly large number of spheres: exegetical, educational, polemical, and more. The chapter investigates ... More


Interpreting the Interpreter: Supercommentarial Receptions in Ashkenaz and Sefarad

Eric Lawee

in Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonization and Resistance in the Reception of a Jewish Classic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190937836
eISBN:
9780190937867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937836.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

One main mode of response to the Commentary that played a decisive role in its canonization is the ardent tradition of commentaries that Rashi’s work called forth (what scholars call ... More


“Ridiculousness and Risibility”: Rationalist Criticism in an Eastern Mediterranean Key

Eric Lawee

in Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonization and Resistance in the Reception of a Jewish Classic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190937836
eISBN:
9780190937867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937836.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The religiocultural setting that looms largest in tracing critical receptions of the Commentary is the veritable Babel of Jewish intellectual and literary expression in the eastern Mediterranean. ... More


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