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Ayodhya and the Politics of Religion

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter is concerned with the position and response of the Congress and its governments to the aggravation of the Ayodhya dispute, which resulted in seriously weakening the party. An ... More


What is to be Done?

Jagdish Bhagwati

in India in Transition: Freeing the Economy

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288473
eISBN:
9780191684609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288473.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the reforms that had to be undertaken in the Indian economy, mainly in the country's microeconomic framework, requiring ‘structural’ reforms that would free the economy and ... More


Setting the Stage for Change: From Estrangement to Engagement with Israel (1984–1992)

Nicolas Blarel

in The Evolution of India's Israel Policy: Continuity, Change, and Compromise since 1922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199450626
eISBN:
9780199084968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450626.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 analyses the process towards normalization and explains why a drastic change in India’s Israel policy happened at that specific historical juncture and not before. The incremental approach ... More


The Party that didn’t Work: The Congress (I) in the Early 1980s

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter starts with an account of the brief Janata Party government (1977-79) and shows how this changed Indian politics in several ways. It then presents an analysis of the 1980 elections in a ... More


Leaning Tower of Delhi: Managing the Soviet Invasion and Withdrawal

Avinash Paliwal

in My Enemy's Enemy: India in Afghanistan from the Soviet Invasion to the US Withdrawal

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190685829
eISBN:
9780190872564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685829.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Moscow’s decision to militarily invade Afghanistan in December 1979, without consulting with New Delhi, shocked India. But even more worrisome was the impact of a haphazard Soviet withdrawal. This ... More


Economic Liberalization and Its Discontents

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter recounts the economic crises and political processes that spurred a dramatic change of economic policy, which constitutes a watershed in India’s economic history. It is concerned with ... More


The Shah Bano Case

A. G. Noorani

in The Muslims of India: A Documentary Record

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670561
eISBN:
9780199080618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670561.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter presents several documents relating to the Supreme Court’s ruling in the Shah Bano case on 23 April 1985 and the opening of the locks at the Babari Masjid on 1 February 1986, which would ... More


Noninterference and Muslim Personal Law: Shah Bano and the Muslim Women Bill, 1984–86

Rina Verma Williams

in Postcolonial Politics and Personal Laws: Colonial Legal Legacies and the Indian State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195680140
eISBN:
9780199081721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195680140.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter addresses the 1980s era, when Muslim personal law returned to the Indian political agenda after a long hiatus. After winning the case, Shah Bano Begum actually renounced the decision ... More


Elections and the Accord

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs: Volume 2: 1839-2004

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673098
eISBN:
9780199080595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter discusses the general election of December 1984, which was connected to the assassination of Indira Gandhi a few months before. This election was fought by the Congress party, addressing ... More


Making of National Policy on Education, 1986

R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

in History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947-2016

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199474943
eISBN:
9780199090891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474943.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter briefly narrates the great hopes aroused by Rajiv Gandhi’s accession to power and his dashing initiatives such as the reorganization of Central Government ministries and critiques the ... More


Relationship of the Ecole d’Humanité with India

Martin Kämpchen

in Indo-German Exchanges in Education: Rabindranath Tagore Meets Paul and Edith Geheeb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190126278
eISBN:
9780190991616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190126278.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

There were several links between India and the Ecole. The most important of these have been discussed in this chapter. Aurobindo Bose was among the early students of Rabindranath Tagore’s ... More


The Muslims of India: A Documentary Record

A.G. Noorani (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670561
eISBN:
9780199080618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670561.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book presents important documents recording the reactions of Muslims in the aftermath of the Independence and Partition of India, and in the subsequent fifty years. Besides key political ... More


Convenient Narratives: Historical Evolution of Civil–Military Relations

Anit Mukherjee

in The Absent Dialogue: Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190905903
eISBN:
9780190069223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905903.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the historical evolution of civil–military relations in India. While doing so, it focuses on leadership style and civil–military relations under five wartime prime ... More


From Scepticism to Friendship: India and the World Bank

Nagesh Prabhu

in Reflective Shadows: Political Economy of the World Bank Lending to India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199466825
eISBN:
9780199087419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466825.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

India and the World Bank have grown up together. India played a vital role in the establishment of the IDA. Ties between the two often go well beyond the typical debtor–creditor relationship. This ... More


Afghanistan's Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan: Continued Conflict or Cooperation?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266773
eISBN:
9780520925755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Soviet tanks and troops moved into Kabul at the end of 1979, installing their puppet Amir Babrak Karmal as Pakistan's nominal ruler. This alarmed both Pakistan and the United States. India's reaction ... More


Inheritance Unbound: The Politics of Personal Law Reform in Pakistan and India

Sunil Khilnani, Vikram Raghavan, and Arun K. Thiruvengadam

in Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081760
eISBN:
9780199082360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081760.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the constitutional and political dimensions of formal legal change in Pakistan and India. The process of change referred to is one with an explicitly ‘religious’ dimensions: in ... More


Political Economy of Agrarian Sector and Status of Farmers post Independence

Sophy K. Joseph

in Customary Rights of Farmers in Neoliberal India: A Legal and Policy Analysis

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190121006
eISBN:
9780190990480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190121006.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter tries to understand how macro-level political and economic policies are closely related with agrarian sector and farmers in the country. Reading together plan policies from the ... More


Indo-Sri Lanka Relations: Geopolitics, Domestic Politics, or Something More Complex?

Eswaran Sridharan

in Engaging the World: Indian Foreign Policy since 1947

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199458325
eISBN:
9780199086498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458325.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

India’s relations with and policy towards Sri Lanka have been determined by geography, the legacy of British colonial rule, the relationship inherited from the colonial period, geopolitical ... More


Priyanka Gandhi Vadra

Pradeep Chhibber and Harsh Shah

in India Tomorrow: Conversations with the Next Generation of Political Leaders

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190125837
eISBN:
9780190991456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190125837.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, who bears an uncanny resemblance to her grandmother, Indira Gandhi, in both her looks and mannerisms, surprised everybody by announcing her formal entry into politics only in ... More


The Bhagwati Court (1985–6)

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter describes the Bhagwati Court of 1985–6. The government of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s appointed P.N. Bhagwati to succeed Chandrachud in mid-1985. Throughout the entire Chandrachud ... More


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