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Introduction: British Rail after 25 Years of Nationalisation

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This introductory chapter presents an assessment of the British railway system under nationalization, public perceptions of rail transport, and the ‘political’ economy of the railways. Topics ... More


Safety

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the increased attention on railway safety issues following the Clapham accident. Topics covered include the transformation of the safety culture, additional spending on safety, ... More


Reorganising for Privatisation, 1992–4

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on the reorganization of the British Railways Board to make way for privatization. Topics discussed include the new railway structure and the management of the restructuring ... More


Endgame

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter summarizes the main steps in the privatization of railways after 1994 and evaluates the performance of public sector management over twenty years of significant change. It is shown that ... More


The Serpell Report

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The Serpell Report, Review of Railway Finances, published in January 1983 was the most important policy document of the decade to affect the railway industry. The ramifications of the report spread ... More


Cost Control and Investment in the post‐Serpell Railway

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on the efforts of British Rail to address some of the major problems identified by the Serpell Review of Railway Finances. These include operating costs, the size of the network, ... More


Selling the Subsidiary Businesses

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the significance of the disposal of the British Railways Board's subsidiary businesses. These include British Transport Hotels, Sealink and the harbours, property portfolio, ... More


Business Performance, Pricing, and Productivity

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the British Railways Board's management changes and the political climate in which the board operated during the early 1990s. It then discusses the challenges ... More


Investment and the Channel Tunnell

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on railway investments. Topics discussed include investment promotion, reduced investment spending in 1990, the need for project management and procurement, and investments on ... More


Privatization and the Safety Cascade

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The years immediately following the data collection for this research witnessed an acceleration of trends already in evidence during the research period. The privatization process came to a climax in ... More


Agents of Change: Crossing the Post-Industrial Divide

Charles Heckscher, Michael Maccoby, Rafael Ramirez, and Pierre-Eric Tixier

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261758
eISBN:
9780191718687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261758.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book focuses on the transition faced by business organizations and their stakeholders as they move from protected markets to open competition, and it explores how these changes can be ... More


FeiTQYie Dello Stato (The Italian State Railways): A Vision without Agreement

Charles Heckscher, Michael Maccoby, Rafael Ramirez, and Pierre-Eric Tixier

in Agents of Change: Crossing the Post-Industrial Divide

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261758
eISBN:
9780191718687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261758.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter describes an intervention centered on a dynamic and charismatic leader's vision of the transformation of the Italian Railways, which ran into conflicting pressures from major ... More


What is to be Done?

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the Indian affirmative action (AA) programme, which primarily takes the form of caste-based quotas. Unlike in the US context, which has produced empirical studies of the ... More


The Railway Industry in Britain

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter provides an overview of the history and structure of the railway industry in Great Britain. It considers the historical context of regulation, with particular focus on the development of ... More


The Law: Regulatory Objectives and the Social Dimensions of Knowledge

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter draws on research data collected from staff across British Railways to consider how much they knew about the general regulatory provisions for their occupational health and safety. It ... More


The Railway Inspectorate: Regulatory Objectives and the Social Dimensions of Knowledge

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The main agency tasked with regulating the railways at the time of data collection was the Railway Inspectorate, which decided on behalf of the state how the law and its objectives were given meaning ... More


Industry Enforced Self-Regulation

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The Health and Safety Work Act, 1974, instituted a system of enforced self-regulation which placed the primary responsibility for health and safety within the industry. This chapter considers the ... More


The Communication of Risk: Information about Health and Safety

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter considers the sources of information available to British Railways (BR) staff as well as health and safety training courses and different types of information. Most BR employees were ... More


Understandings of Risk and Uncertainty

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter considers how much British Railways employees knew about the accidents that happened at work and the impact of these accidents. It also considers respondents' more general understanding ... More


Risk-Taking and Compliance

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

Chapter 9 showed that majority of respondents had a broadly accurate understanding of where, why, and how accidents happened within their working environment. This chapter further examines how risk ... More


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